By Alex Lantier, 21 May 2010
The Greek Communist Party hides its collaboration with the political establishment and its agreement with the cuts, behind Greek nationalism and an unreconstructed defense of Stalinism.
By Paul Mitchell, 18 May 2010
Portugal’s Socialist Party government has agreed with the opposition Social Democrats on further austerity measures to cut the deficit in half—from 9.4 percent of GDP to 4.6 percent by next year.
By Robert Stevens and Alex Lantier, 18 May 2010
WSWS reporters spoke to travelers at the Athens train station, who explained the impossible financial situations they face due to social cuts and the Greek debt crisis.
By Alex Lantier, 18 May 2010
WSWS reporters talked with residents of Peristeri, a suburb of Athens with many small businesses, about how the Greek debt crisis is affecting them and the city’s industry.
By Alex Lantier and John Vassilopoulos in Athens, 17 May 2010
WSWS reporters in Athens attended the May 14 rally of SYRIZA (the Coalition of the Radical Left), called to discuss the massive social cuts being carried out by Prime Minister George Papandreou.
By Alex Lantier, 15 May 2010
WSWS reporters interviewed workers in Perama, a working-class port city in the Athens suburbs, on the impact and political significance of the social cuts carried out by Prime Minister George Papandreou.
By Peter Schwarz, 13 May 2010
Last weekend, European leaders and finance ministers agreed to a rescue package for the euro which inaugurates the most comprehensive offensive against the working class since the end of World War II.
By Robert Stevens and Alex Lantier, 13 May 2010
Sharp cuts in pensions are the latest in a series of austerity measures carried out by Prime Minister George Papendreou following the outbreak of the Greek debt crisis.
By a WSWS reporting team in Athens, 13 May 2010
WSWS reporters attended a demonstration in Athens called against the massive pension cuts recently announced by the social-democratic government of Prime Minister Georgios Papandreou.
By Alex Lantier, 11 May 2010
Financial stocks surged as European authorities announced a new bailout, transferring massive public funds to the banks to stem fears of a collapse of the financial system if Greece or other European countries defaulted on their debts.
By Alex Lantier, 10 May 2010
Mass opposition to Papandreou’s austerity policies has panicked financial markets and foreshadows international struggles against efforts to make workers pay for the economic crisis.
By Bill Van Auken, 8 May 2010
Despite the Greek parliament’s approval of drastic austerity measures, fears that the country’s economic crisis will deepen and spread to other nations continued to drive down international markets Friday.
Stock markets fall sharply on fears of unrest
By Joe Kishore and Alex Lantier, 7 May 2010
The Greek Parliament approved €30 billion in social cuts a day after a general strike to oppose the measures. Global stock markets fell sharply on investor fears that global social unrest will disrupt plans to make the working class pay for the economic crisis.
By Stefan Steinberg, 6 May 2010
Greek workers staged a general strike on Wednesday to protest massive austerity measures. Prime Minister George Papandreou seized on the death of three bank workers in a fire to press forward the attack on the working class.
On eve of general strike
By Joe Kishore, 5 May 2010
The sovereign debt crisis in Greece is sending new tremors through world markets. A general strike has been called for Wednesday, as the trade unions in Greece struggle to contain mass opposition to austerity measures.
By Alex Lantier, 3 May 2010
Despite overwhelming popular opposition, the Greek government proposed a new round of social cuts yesterday in order to obtain a €110 billion joint Europe-IMF bailout and repay its creditors among major international banks.
By Vicky Short, 1 May 2010
Spain’s Socialist Party (PSOE) Prime Minister José Luis Zapatero has pledged to implement austerity measures “whatever the cost”.
By Ulrich Rippert, 1 May 2010
The decision by the US rating agency Standard & Poor’s to downgrade Greek debt to junk status and its subsequent downgrading of Portugal and Spain augurs a new stage in the European and international financial crisis.
By Barry Grey, 30 April 2010
Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou met with trade union and business leaders Thursday to outline new austerity measures designed to more rapidly reduce the country’s budget deficit, in accordance with conditions for an expanded bailout laid down by the IMF, the European Central Bank and the European Commission.
By Alex Lantier, 29 April 2010
German and IMF officials discussed a €135 billion bailout for Greece yesterday, as Spain’s credit rating was downgraded and fears grew that the sovereign debt crisis would spread throughout Europe.
By Patrick O’Connor, 28 April 2010
Stock markets in Europe, the US, and other regions closed sharply lower yesterday after ratings agency Standard & Poor’s downgraded its sovereign credit rating of Greece to “junk” status and also lowered Portugal’s rating by two notches.
By Peter Schwarz, 28 April 2010
The German government is linking the provision of bailout funds for Greece to entirely new conditions, thereby delaying financial aid.
By Alex Lantier, 26 April 2010
European and IMF officials indicated they will demand further social cuts in Greece following Prime Minister Giorgios Papandreou’s request for a bailout.
By Alex Lantier, 24 April 2010
The de facto support by the trade unions and pseudo-left groups for the Papandreou government’s austerity policies underscores the need for a new political perspective and new leadership in the working class.
By Stefan Steinberg, 23 April 2010
A strike by tens of thousands of civil servants in opposition to austerity measures comes as the Greek government is in discussions with IMF and European officials on further attacks on workers.
By Alex Lantier, 21 April 2010
With financial markets pressuring Athens and Greek workers preparing for an April 22 strike, commentators are discussing the possibility of state bankruptcy, huge social cuts, and the end of the common European currency.
By Alex Lantier, 19 April 2010
The Ecofin summit of Eurozone finance ministers failed to reach agreement on international financial regulations and the Greek debt crisis.
By Stefan Steinberg, 12 April 2010
The European emergency plan for Greece agreed at the weekend follows the unravelling of the deal agreed by EU heads of state just two weeks ago.
By Alex Lantier, 12 April 2010
France and Italy signed strategic energy and military deals at the April 9 summit, amid rising uncertainty about financial stability and strategic rivalries in Europe.
By Alex Lantier, 8 April 2010
Amid growing uncertainty over Greece’s financial position and fears that German opposition will undermine any EU-IMF bailout, Greece is moving to raise money in the United States.
By Paul Mitchell, 3 April 2010
Twenty-three Spanish airport workers who went on strike at Barcelona airport on July 28, 2006 and occupied the runways have been given two-year probationary sentences.
By Ulrich Rippert, 1 April 2010
Italian regional elections held on Sunday and Monday resulted in unexpected gains for the centre-right alliance led by Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi.
By Robert Stevens, 31 March 2010
The General Confederation of Greek Workers (GSEE) and the public-sector Civil Servants’ Confederation (ADEDY) are working to stifle opposition to the austerity package being imposed by the Pan-Hellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK) government.
By Alex Lantier, 27 March 2010
A two-day European Union summit in Brussels concluded yesterday, announcing plans for an as-needed bailout package for Greece and tougher sanctions against eurozone countries whose deficits exceed European guidelines.
By Paul Mitchell, 27 March 2010
The petty-bourgeois political grouping, the Left Bloc (Bloco Esquerda), is offering its services to Portuguese capitalism as it faces renewed pressure from international financial institutions and speculators.
On eve of EU summit
By Stefan Steinberg, 25 March 2010
European diplomats are working feverishly to reach some sort of compromise on the Greek debt crisis and prevent an economic and political debacle at the summit of EU heads of government meeting in Brussels Thursday and Friday.
By Stefan Steinberg, 23 March 2010
The Greek debt crisis has exposed deep fault lines within the European Union, above all within the core group of 16 countries which constitute the eurozone.
By Ulrich Rippert, 20 March 2010
The petty-bourgeois political groupings that present themselves as “left” in Greece are, through their efforts to subordinate the working class to the trade union apparatuses, demonstrating their crucial political role in facilitating the drive of the European and international financial elite to impose historic attacks on working people of every country.
By Vicky Short and Paul Mitchell, 20 March 2010
The charges brought against 27 Spanish airport workers, under an anti-terror law passed during Franco’s fascist dictatorship, represent a major offensive against democratic rights.
By Stefan Steinberg, 19 March 2010
As the financial crisis enters a new stage, national antagonisms and egoisms are growing in Europe. At the same time, differences are deepening between the US and Europe over a range of finance and trade issues.
By our reporters, 19 March 2010
A World Socialist Web Site reporting team spoke to students at Athens University and Athens Polytechnic. Some had participated in the recent strikes and protests against the austerity measures being implemented by the PASOK social democratic government of George Papandreou.
By Robert Stevens and Marcus Salzmann, 18 March 2010
The mass movement of Greek workers against the €16 billion austerity package being imposed by PASOK is being run into the ground by the trade unions.
By our reporters, 18 March 2010
A World Socialist Web Site reporting team in Athens spoke to workers at several protests held in the city on Tuesday.
By Robert Stevens and Marcus Salzmann, 17 March 2010
As the Greek government begins implementing its austerity measures, the two major trade unions federations, the General Confederation of Greek Workers (GSEE) and the public sector confederation (ADEDY), are systematically demobilising opposition to PASOK’s assault on the jobs, employment conditions and living standards of working people.
By Stefan Steinberg, 16 March 2010
While reluctant to admit in public that they are planning a bailout for Greece, behind the scenes EU finance heads are frantically scrambling to come up with a rescue package.
By Robert Stevens, 12 March 2010
Workers throughout Greece staged their second one-day strike within a month yesterday to protest the austerity measures being imposed by the PASOK social democratic government of Prime Minister George Papandreou.
By Robert Stevens, 11 March 2010
Opposition to the austerity measures being imposed by the Greek government has hardened in the run-up to today’s general strike.
Papandreou in Washington
By Barry Grey, 10 March 2010
Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou met Tuesday with President Obama in the White House in a bid to shore up political support for the PASOK government’s sweeping attacks on the jobs and living standards of Greek workers.
By Ulrich Rippert, 10 March 2010
The chauvinist campaign directed against Greece by sections of the international media, and particularly the German media, has assumed an increasingly strident tone since Greek workers took to the streets in large numbers to oppose the austerity program dictated by the European Union and the banks.
Papandreou in Paris
By Antoine Lerougetel, 9 March 2010
French President Nicolas Sarkozy met with Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou at the Elysée Palace on Sunday and echoed German Chancellor Angela Merkel in insisting that Greece deal with its debt crisis by imposing a brutal austerity program on the working class.
Amid angry protests in Greece
By Ulrich Rippert, 6 March 2010
On Friday, Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou met with German Chancellor Angela Merkel in Berlin and assured her that his government would impose the austerity measures demanded by the European banks and the European Union.
By Stefan Steinberg, 6 March 2010
In addition to destabilizing entire currencies and states, the speculative activities of the banks are creating new financial bubbles and future crises that threaten to explode and overshadow the breakdown of 2008.
By Julie Hyland, 5 March 2010
A 24-hour strike by Portugal’s 500,000 public sector workers Thursday caused widespread disruption.
By Stefan Steinberg, 4 March 2010
The cuts package announced by the Greek government on Wednesday will have sweeping consequences for the incomes and living standards of the vast majority of the population.
By Paul Mitchell, 4 March 2010
Portugal’s half a million public sector workers are expected to take part in Thursday’s one-day strike against the austerity programme being imposed by the Socialist Party government.
By Marianne Arens, 4 March 2010
Several tens of thousands of immigrants in 60 Italian cities engaged in strikes and demonstrations March 1 to protest against the racist policies of the Berlusconi government, and for equal rights for all.
By Alex Lantier, 3 March 2010
The Greek trade unions announced further strikes yesterday, in the face of demands from banks and European institutions for deeper social cuts to stave off a Greek government default.
By Vicky Short, 1 March 2010
The Spanish Supreme Court has allowed the fascist party, the Falange, to join a private prosecution brought against Judge Baltazar Garzón because of his attempts to investigate the crimes of the Franco dictatorship.
WSWS speaks with leader of GSSE union federation
By Markus Salzmann and Robert Stevens, 27 February 2010
As the crisis intensifies in Greece, the country’s trade unions are playing a crucial role in ensuring that the government of Prime Minister George Papandreou is able carry out its austerity program.
By Paul Mitchell, Vicky Short and Tom Eley, 26 February 2010
Spanish unions organized demonstrations this week whose main aim was to defuse widespread anger against the pension reforms proposed by the Socialist Workers Party (PSOE) government.
By our reporters in Athens, 25 February 2010
Some two million Greek workers participated in a general strike on Wednesday to oppose austerity measures announced by the social democratic PASOK government.
By our reporters, 25 February 2010
A number of workers and youth who participated in Wednesday’s Greek general strike and mass demonstrations in Athens spoke to a World Socialist Web Site reporting team about their understanding of the economic crisis and its impact.
By Marcus Salzmann, 25 February 2010
In terms of wages and social standards, Greece ranks amongst the lowest-paid countries in Europe.
By Julie Hyland, 19 February 2010
A series of strikes are underway in Greece in advance of a planned general strike involving both the public and private sectors on February 24.
By Peter Schwarz, 18 February 2010
Greece has become a test case for draconian attacks on the living standards of broad sections of the population throughout Europe.
Debt crisis fuels expectations of social unrest
By Alex Lantier, 16 February 2010
In the first day of its two-day session, the Eurogroup meeting of European finance ministers in Brussels yesterday issued calls for more social cuts in Greece, as tensions rose between the major powers over whether to fund a bailout of the debt-stricken country.
By Alex Lantier, 13 February 2010
The February 11 Franco-German pledge to bail out Greece threatened to unravel yesterday amid criticism from the Greek government, and as European officials demanded that Athens make further budget cuts.
By Chris Marsden, 12 February 2010
Yesterday’s pledge by the European Union that it will, if necessary, come to the aid of the embattled Greek economy was a vain attempt to calm rampant speculation in Greek government bonds and fears that the spread of financial contagion threatens the entire eurozone.
By our reporters, 11 February 2010
Schools, universities, public offices and the airport in Athens were shut down by yesterday’s 24-hour strike.
By Peter Schwarz, 11 February 2010
For the first time since the introduction of the euro as a common currency, the European Union has made a country subject to its diktat. The aim is to make the Greek working class pay for the debts of the Greek state.
By Vicky Short, 10 February 2010
Prime José Luis Zapatero of the ruling Socialist Workers Party (PSOE) government has held secret meetings with the leaders of Spain’s trade unions to negotiate labour reforms and austerity measures behind the backs of the working class.
By Nick Beams, 9 February 2010
The tremors on global financial markets signal a new stage in the financial crisis brought on by fears of vast social struggles as governments attempt unprecedented cuts in jobs, wages and social services.
By Paul Mitchell, 8 February 2010
Last Friday, tens of thousands of Portugal’s public sector workers demonstrated in Lisbon against a planned wage freeze.
By Alejandro López and Paul Mitchell, 8 February 2010
The Spanish Communist Party (PCE) is seeking to re-found the crisis-ridden United Left (Izquierda Unida), which it set up in 1986.
By Patrick O’Connor, 5 February 2010
Stock markets in the US, Europe and other regions plunged yesterday in response to growing fears over several countries’ sovereign debt.
By John Vassilopoulos, 4 February 2010
Strikes have broken out in opposition to the austerity measures being imposed by the Greek government.
By Alex Messenger, 2 February 2010
Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou launched a 48-hour “charm offensive” at Davos last week to reassure business leaders that his government will do whatever it takes to slash the budget deficit by three quarters.
By Marcus Morgan, 25 January 2010
In Spain’s worst recession for more than 50 years, official figures for the end of 2009 show nearly 4 million people out of work.
By Marianne Arens and Stefan Steinberg, 12 January 2010
Italian police responded to a protest of African workers in Calabria with the arrest of 1,300 immigrants and their transfer to detention centers
By Markus Salzmann, 30 December 2009
The ruling Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK) has pushed a drastic austerity budget through the Greek parliament.
By Stefan Steinberg, 19 December 2009
A series of strikes and protests by public service workers took place in up to 60 cities and towns across Greece on Thursday.
By Marius Heuser, 17 December 2009
Greek Prime Minister Georgios Papandreou on Monday outlined “painful” measures to be implemented as part of Greece’s forthcoming austerity program.
By John Vassilopoulos, 12 December 2009
Concerns over Greece’s solvency were renewed on Tuesday after Fitch Ratings downgraded Greece’s debt rating.
By Marius Heuser, 11 December 2009
In the wake of the Greek budget crisis, EU institutions are preparing to assume direct responsibility for the country's budget policy—all at the behest of the finance elite.
By Markus Salzmann, 8 December 2009
Police attacked demonstators, predominantly youth, who marched in Athens on Sunday against police violence. The protest was held to mark one year since the shooting of the 15-year-old student Alexis Grigoropoulos by a Greek policeman.
By Vicky Short, 5 December 2009
Last month Spain’s ex-Popular Party (PP) prime minister, José María Aznar, gave a lecture to the London School of Economics (LSE) outlining his proposed solutions for the economic crisis.
By Marcus Morgan, 2 December 2009
The jobs, wages and working conditions of thousands of airline workers are under threat due to proposals to merge the British Airways and Spanish carrier Iberia airlines.
By Markus Salzmann, 27 November 2009
Recent reports indicate that the economies of many central and eastern European states are headed for new shocks.
By Stefan Steinberg, 6 November 2009
In a landmark decision with global political repercussions, an Italian court has convicted in absentia 23 US agents for their role in the 2003 CIA kidnapping and "rendition" of an Italian citizen, Abu Omar.
By Marianne Arens, 19 October 2009
A power struggle has developed within the Italian bourgeoisie in the past few weeks and calls for Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi’s resignation are becoming increasingly louder.
The case of Cap Anamur president Elias Bierdel and his crew
By Stefan Steinberg, 9 October 2009
The scandalous treatment of Bierdel and his crew is a direct result of the criminal immigration policy adopted by the EU aimed at turning Europe into a fortress.
By Paul Mitchell, 8 October 2009
A number of reports have pointed to the increasing threat of Bosnia and Herzegovina collapsing, and even about the possibility of war breaking out.
By Marcus Morgan, 7 October 2009
A report published last month by the human rights group Amnesty International criticised the Spanish legal system for breaches of international guidelines on the treatment of detainees held “incommunicado.”
By Stefan Steinberg, 6 October 2009
Following federal elections on Sunday, the Greek ruling class is banking on PASOK and the trade unions to enforce the pro-business and anti-welfare policies that Karamanlis and his New Democracy were unable to implement.
By Vicky Short, 30 September 2009
Spanish trade unions are collaborating with the Socialist Party government and employers in preparing a programme of austerity measures.
By Paul Mitchell, 22 September 2009
Investigative Judge Baltasar Garzón has appeared in court as a result of a prosecution brought by far-right organisations for investigating crimes committed during the dictatorship of General Francisco Franco.
By John Vassilopoulos, 12 September 2009
Greek Prime Minister Karamanlis has called for an early general election to be held on October 5.
By Marianne Arens, 27 August 2009
The Italian government of Silvio Berlusconi has led a contemptible months-long campaign against African refugees and is quite prepared to accept the deadly consequences of its policy.
By Vicky Short, 18 August 2009
Negotiations between the trade unions and employers in Spain were halted at the end of last month, despite the efforts of the government, due to increasing social tensions.
By Markus Salzmann, 28 July 2009
A news agency in Athens recently reported that Alekos Alavanos, chairman of the parliamentary fraction of the SYRIZA alliance, has expressed his full support for the Greek police.