By Martin Kreickenbaum, 8 January 2011
The border fence not only symbolizes “Fortress Europe”, but is a model for the attacks of the European governments on the democratic rights of all the people.
By Robert Stevens and Paul Stuart, 7 January 2011
The Spanish Socialist Workers Party government has stepped up its offensive against 2,200 air traffic controllers.
By Paul Mitchell and Chris Marsden, 31 December 2010
Revelations of fascistic crimes carried out by the Kosovo Liberation Army should provide a salutary lesson whenever Washington again cites humanitarian concerns to justify its predatory war aims.
By Tony Robson, 29 December 2010
The Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) has been implicated in war crimes involving torture and the illicit trade in human organs removed from Serb civilians taken captive and killed during and after NATO’s 1999 war against Yugoslavia.
By Marianne Arens, 28 December 2010
Student demonstrations in Italy last Wednesday were aimed against austerity legislation recently passed by the senate.
By Robert Stevens, 24 December 2010
The Greek parliament passed its 2011 budget early Thursday morning, at the end of the final session of the five-day parliamentary debate.
By Paul Mitchell, 24 December 2010
Cables published by WikiLeaks reveal that the Spanish Socialist Workers Party (PSOE) did not expect to win the March 14, 2004 election and were was seeking to renege on their manifesto pledges within hours of coming to power.
By David Walsh, 23 December 2010
Secret diplomatic dispatches, released by WikiLeaks, reveal how US authorities put pressure on the Italian government to protect CIA agents responsible for kidnapping and torture.
By Paul Stuart, 20 December 2010
Prime Minister José Luis Zapatero’s Socialist Workers Party (PSOE) government has extended to January 15 the “state of alert” imposed upon 2,200 air traffic controllers on December 4—placing them under military control.
By Marc Wells, 20 December 2010
Protests against education “reform” and Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi’s government last Tuesday in Rome were met with brutal force by Italian police and paramilitary units.
By Patrick Martin, 17 December 2010
The Portuguese government agreed to make an Azores air base available for CIA flights, while keeping the arrangement secret from its own people.
By Paul Mitchell, 17 December 2010
Cables released by WikiLeaks show the PSOE government worked the Bush and Obama administrations to prevent prosecutions of US officials for war crimes.
By Ann Talbot, 16 December 2010
Police brutally attacked demonstrators, who fought back, as an estimated 100,000 people took to the streets in a general strike that brought Greece's major cities to a standstill.
By Stefan Steinberg, 16 December 2010
The demonstrations in Rome this week represent the most angry displays of opposition to the Berlusconi government and the entire political establishment in Italy for decades.
By Robert Stevens, 15 December 2010
The Greek government has introduced a further round of austerity measures which will result in massive job losses.
By Peter Schwarz, 15 December 2010
The passing of a confidence vote in Italy will not resolve the political crisis. With a limited and precarious majority, the government will be barely able to act.
By Paul Mitchell and Chris Marsden, 11 December 2010
The Spanish Socialist Workers Party governments’ top law official, Attorney General Cándido Conde-Pumpido, is demanding prison sentences of up to eight years for hundreds of air traffic controllers who organised a strike last weekend.
By Marc Wells, 8 December 2010
Students have organized mass protests throughout Italy in the last two weeks. On the heels of a government crisis, a turn to the working class becomes a crucial question for the student movement.
Spanish air traffic controller: “We have arrived at something akin to Stalinist Russia, the Stasi or Hitler’s SS”
8 December 2010
This correspondence has been sent to the WSWS by a Spanish air traffic controller. It details the impact of the emergency legislation imposed by the Spanish Socialist Workers Party (PSOE) government, bringing in military control of airports, including forced labour at gunpoint.
By Chris Marsden, 7 December 2010
A number of Spanish air traffic controllers contacted the World Socialist Web Site to describe the state terror employed against them under the emergency measures imposed by the Socialist Workers Party (PSOE) government.
By Robert Stevens, 6 December 2010
The decision by the Spanish government to use the army to seize airport control towers so as to defeat a wildcat strike by air traffic controllers is a warning to the international working class.
By Alejandro López and Alex Lantier, 4 December 2010
Prime Minister José Luis Zapatero signed an order to send army units to occupy control towers in airports around Spain, to break a wildcat strike by air traffic controllers.
By Marc Wells, 2 December 2010
As the crisis of the Berulsconi government in Italy deepens, sections of the establishment are increasingly looking to pseudo-left figures such as Nichi Vendola to shore up their political rule.
By Alejandro López, 1 December 2010
Spain, along with Portugal, has become one of the central targets of financial market demands for further austerity measures directed at the working class.
By Alejandro López, 1 December 2010
Spain’s middle-class “left” parties have supported France’s New Anticapitalist Party (NPA) and the French trade unions in their betrayals of the October-November strikes against social cuts by the Sarkozy government.
By Elisabeth Zimmermann, 26 November 2010
A new report raises serious allegations against Greece’s police and border authorities, documenting numerous cases of abuse and in some cases raises the allegation of torture.
By Paul Mitchell, 25 November 2010
Yesterday’s general strike in Portugal brought the country to a halt, as millions of workers from the public and private sector stayed away from work ahead of a vote in Congress on the government’s budget and austerity measures.
By Marc Wells, 25 November 2010
Demonstrations by Italian students against the attack on public education came the same day as further mass demonstrations of students in Britain.
By Paul Mitchell, 24 November 2010
In what has become a pattern across Europe, the unions in Portugal have called a one-day general strike today, November 24, in advance of a budget vote in Congress on Friday.
By Robert Stevens, 17 November 2010
The Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK) government of Prime Minister George Papandreou won the Greek regional elections in the second and final round of voting on Sunday.
By Marc Wells, 12 November 2010
Revelations of Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi’s involvement in another prostitution and corruption signal a new stage of the political crisis engulfing Italy.
By Marianne Arens and Peter Schwarz, 10 November 2010
If Fiat CEO Sergio Marchionne has his way, wages at the Italian auto manufacturer will be equivalent to those in Poland with working conditions resembling those during the Great Depression.
By Robert Stevens, 9 November 2010
Sunday’s regional elections in Greece revealed the hostility of millions of people to the austerity programme being imposed by the Pan-Hellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK) government of Prime Minister George Papandreou.
By Robert Stevens, 2 November 2010
On October 28, the Panhellenic Federation of Railway Workers (POS) called off the latest strike by Greek railway workers.
By Robert Stevens, 16 October 2010
Culture ministry workers employed at the Acropolis in Athens ended a three-day strike Friday, following brutal attacks by riot police.
By John Vassilopoulos, 15 October 2010
Epaminondas Korkoneas was found guilty of murder and his partner guilty of accessory to murder, for the killing of 15 year-old Greek student Alexis Grigoropoulos on December 6, 2008.
By Carlos Alejandro, 2 October 2010
Barcelona, Spain’s second largest city, was paralysed by the September 29 general strike that involved 70 percent of workers throughout the country.
By Paul Mitchell, 30 September 2010
Nearly 70 percent of Spanish workers—10 million—took part in Wednesday’s general strike. In some sectors such as mining, metal, auto manufacture, electronic, fishing and other industries, participation was nearly 100 percent.
By Paul Stuart and Robert Stevens, 29 September 2010
Workers are striking today in opposition to the austerity measures and anti-labour reforms implemented by the Socialist Workers Party government of President José Zapatero.
By Paul Stuart, 28 September 2010
A national miners’ strike in Spain in support of workers at the Alonso and Viloria mining corporations brought the industry to a standstill September 22-23.
By Paul Stuart, 21 September 2010
The Spanish Socialist Party government has won parliamentary approval for new labour laws that will make it easier to sack workers.
By John Vassilopoulos and Alex Lantier, 21 September 2010
Conflicts are erupting within the Greek petty-bourgeois “left” coalition SYRIZA over the nomination of a high-ranking PASOK official as its candidate in the Attica regional election.
By Robert Stevens, 14 September 2010
Figures released this month point to the threat of a second continent-wide recession. Contrary to the claim that the worst of the economic crisis was over as a result of the bailout, leading economists have warned that Greece will be unable to pay back its mountain of debt.
By Robert Stevens, 13 September 2010
Anti-government protests in the northern city of Thessaloniki in Greece last weekend were met by a massive police response.
By Paul Stuart, 4 September 2010
The air traffic controllers’ union Unión Sindical de Controladores Aéreos (USCA) has overturned a 98 percent mandate for strike action, pushing through a deal supported by the employers and the government.
By Paul Mitchell, 1 September 2010
For the past two years the right wing opposition Popular Party (PP) in Spain has been embroiled in the “Gürtel” corruption scandal, which has implicated many of the party’s top officials and leading businessmen.
By John Vassilopoulos, 25 August 2010
The union leaders have portrayed themselves as emulating the last stand of the 300 Spartans at Thermopylae, while actually collaborating with the government in privatising companies and arranging wage cuts for the workers.
By Stefan Steinberg, 24 August 2010
Despite widespread social opposition, the European Commission has urged the Greek government to press ahead with its extensive program of spending and income cuts.
By Alejandro López, 21 August 2010
In Spain as in France, a wave of anti-democratic legislation and policies is being prepared against Muslims, including proposals to ban the burqa.
By Marianne Arens, 18 August 2010
The leaders of the Italian Democratic Party and Refounded Communism have sworn their support for the post-fascist Gianfranco Fini in his dispute with the head of the Italian government, Silvio Berlusconi.
By Robert Stevens and Alex Lantier, 16 August 2010
Petty-bourgeois ex-left parties such as Antarsya and SYRIZA and the Greek Communist Party were bitterly hostile to the Greek truckers’ six-day nationwide strike against the social-democratic government’s social cuts.
By Vicky Short, 14 August 2010
Last week, the Pentagon responded to the decision of the Spanish Supreme Court to reopen the investigation into the death of cameraman José Couso in 2003 in Iraq. It declared that US authorities had already acquitted the three soldiers involved of any crime. Couso and Reuters reporter Taras Protsyuk were killed in April 2003 when Baghdad’s Hotel Palestine was shelled during the US invasion of Iraq.
By Paul Stuart, 10 August 2010
Air traffic controllers at the state-run AENA have voted 98 percent in favour of industrial action against an assault by the Zapatero government, including plans to use the military.
By Peter Schwarz, 4 August 2010
The entire European elite has responded with satisfaction to Greek Prime Minister Papandreou’s decision to break the truck drivers strike by using coercive measures and mobilizing the army.
By Robert Stevens, 3 August 2010
The Greek trade unions’ betrayal of the six-day nationwide strike by 33,000 truck drivers has set the stage for the PASOK government to step up its offensive against the entire working class.
By Robert Stevens, 2 August 2010
The decision by the social democratic PASOK government to use the military to break a nationwide strike by truck drivers is a stark indication of the polarisation of class relations in Greece and throughout Europe.
By Stefan Steinberg, 31 July 2010
Greek truck drivers decided on Friday to continue their five-day national strike, despite a series of punitive measures by the social democratic government of Prime Minister George Papandreou aiming to break their action.
By Julie Hyland and Paul Mitchell, 30 July 2010
The United Nations International Court of Justice ruled last week that Kosovo’s unilateral declaration of independence from Serbia on February 17, 2008 was legal.
By Marianne Arens, 30 July 2010
The current corruption scandals in Italy far exceed those involved in the so-called Tangentopoli swamp of 1991, and a succession of ministers and state secretaries has already resigned.
By Paul Stuart and Alex Lantier, 27 July 2010
The Stalinist United Left signalled at it June congress that it was prepared to shift decisively to the right, backing the policies of social-democratic Prime Minister José Zapatero as he carries out massive austerity policies in the interests of the banks.
By Paul Mitchell, 22 July 2010
Unions on the Madrid Metro have forced a pay cut and other concessions on workers who have been involved in militant strike action against plans to cut salaries by five percent.
By Johannes Stern, 15 July 2010
Berlin and Paris have used the bailout of Greece to force Athens to agree to massive arms procurement deals.
By Chris Marsden and Robert Stevens, 12 July 2010
At the June congress of SYRIZA (Coalition of the Radical Left), the “Renewal Wing” of the party walked out, announcing their intention to form a new movement more openly defending the social-democratic government currently imposing massive cuts on the working class.
By Robert Stevens, 9 July 2010
Tens of thousands of workers protested Thursday during the sixth general strike to be held this year in Greece.
By Paul Mitchell, 5 July 2010
Spanish Prime Minister José Luis Zapatero was forced to mount a desperate defence of Spain’s economic solvency on July 2, after Moody’s announced that it is reviewing the country’s sovereign debt rating.
By John Vassilopoulos, 3 July 2010
From the end of May until the middle of June, major pharmaceutical corporations held Greek public hospitals hostage over outstanding debts and price increases on medicines.
By Paul Mitchell, 1 July 2010
The vice-chair of the Popular Party-run Madrid regional government, Ignacio González, has warned that he is “not going to discard the option” of the military taking control of Madrid’s Metro system, which has been brought to a standstill by striking workers and brought chaos to the streets of the capital.
By Alex Lantier, 30 June 2010
Train drivers shut down the Madrid subway yesterday after a mass workers’ assembly voted to disregard minimum service rules imposed by the Madrid regional authorities.
By Robert Stevens, 30 June 2010
In the latest 24-hour strike, tens of thousands of workers protested in cities and towns across Greece on Tuesday against the austerity measures of George Papandreou’s PASOK government.
By Paul Stuart, 26 June 2010
The methods used to force Greece into massive austerity are now being deployed in Spain. The nation’s economy, the fifth largest in Europe, faces economic meltdown.
By Robert Stevens, 21 June 2010
As the austerity measures of Greece’s PASOK government produce deepening widespread poverty, the trade union federations are working to ensure that all opposition is strangled.
By our correspondents, 17 June 2010
Thousands protested last Saturday in Rome against the recent austerity plans announced by the Italian government.
By Paul Stuart, 10 June 2010
On Tuesday, 2 million public sector workers participated in strikes and demonstrations against the austerity policies of social-democratic Prime Minister Jose Luiz Zapatero.
By Robert Stevens, 7 June 2010
Since the turn of the year, millions of Greek workers and young people have been involved in strikes and protests against the austerity measures being implemented by the PASOK government, on behalf of international finance capital.
By Alex Lantier, 7 June 2010
While criticising other parties of the Greek petty-bourgeois “left,” Iannis Felekis of OKDE-Spartakos said that there was no alternative to Papandreou’s social cuts.
By Marianne Arens, 7 June 2010
The right-wing government of Silvio Berlusconi has agreed to an austerity programme, which will be presented to the EU on June 7 in Brussels, preparing almost €25 billion in cuts by 2012.
By Paul Stuart, 5 June 2010
The ruling Socialist Workers Party of Spain (PSOE), led by Prime Minister Jose Zapatero, has pushed through a package of cuts adding up to €15 billion and imposed a 5 percent pay cut on government workers.
By Vicky Short, 29 May 2010
The internationally renowned Spanish judge, Baltasar Garzón, was suspended from his post on May 14, accused of perverting the course of justice by the body that oversees the judiciary, the General Council of the Judiciary (CGPJ).
By Markus Salzmann, 26 May 2010
The debt crisis in Greece is placing Eastern European states under increasing pressure.
By Robert Stevens, 21 May 2010
Tens of thousands of workers protested in towns and cities throughout Greece on May 20 during the latest 24-hour general strike in response to the brutal austerity measures being imposed by the PASOK government of Prime Minister George Papandreou.
By Alex Lantier, 21 May 2010
The Greek Communist Party hides its collaboration with the political establishment and its agreement with the cuts, behind Greek nationalism and an unreconstructed defense of Stalinism.
By Paul Mitchell, 18 May 2010
Portugal’s Socialist Party government has agreed with the opposition Social Democrats on further austerity measures to cut the deficit in half—from 9.4 percent of GDP to 4.6 percent by next year.
By Robert Stevens and Alex Lantier, 18 May 2010
WSWS reporters spoke to travelers at the Athens train station, who explained the impossible financial situations they face due to social cuts and the Greek debt crisis.
By Alex Lantier, 18 May 2010
WSWS reporters talked with residents of Peristeri, a suburb of Athens with many small businesses, about how the Greek debt crisis is affecting them and the city’s industry.
By Alex Lantier and John Vassilopoulos in Athens, 17 May 2010
WSWS reporters in Athens attended the May 14 rally of SYRIZA (the Coalition of the Radical Left), called to discuss the massive social cuts being carried out by Prime Minister George Papandreou.
By Alex Lantier, 15 May 2010
WSWS reporters interviewed workers in Perama, a working-class port city in the Athens suburbs, on the impact and political significance of the social cuts carried out by Prime Minister George Papandreou.
By Peter Schwarz, 13 May 2010
Last weekend, European leaders and finance ministers agreed to a rescue package for the euro which inaugurates the most comprehensive offensive against the working class since the end of World War II.
By Robert Stevens and Alex Lantier, 13 May 2010
Sharp cuts in pensions are the latest in a series of austerity measures carried out by Prime Minister George Papendreou following the outbreak of the Greek debt crisis.
By a WSWS reporting team in Athens, 13 May 2010
WSWS reporters attended a demonstration in Athens called against the massive pension cuts recently announced by the social-democratic government of Prime Minister Georgios Papandreou.
By Alex Lantier, 11 May 2010
Financial stocks surged as European authorities announced a new bailout, transferring massive public funds to the banks to stem fears of a collapse of the financial system if Greece or other European countries defaulted on their debts.
By Alex Lantier, 10 May 2010
Mass opposition to Papandreou’s austerity policies has panicked financial markets and foreshadows international struggles against efforts to make workers pay for the economic crisis.
By Bill Van Auken, 8 May 2010
Despite the Greek parliament’s approval of drastic austerity measures, fears that the country’s economic crisis will deepen and spread to other nations continued to drive down international markets Friday.
Stock markets fall sharply on fears of unrest
By Joe Kishore and Alex Lantier, 7 May 2010
The Greek Parliament approved €30 billion in social cuts a day after a general strike to oppose the measures. Global stock markets fell sharply on investor fears that global social unrest will disrupt plans to make the working class pay for the economic crisis.
By Stefan Steinberg, 6 May 2010
Greek workers staged a general strike on Wednesday to protest massive austerity measures. Prime Minister George Papandreou seized on the death of three bank workers in a fire to press forward the attack on the working class.
On eve of general strike
By Joe Kishore, 5 May 2010
The sovereign debt crisis in Greece is sending new tremors through world markets. A general strike has been called for Wednesday, as the trade unions in Greece struggle to contain mass opposition to austerity measures.
By Alex Lantier, 3 May 2010
Despite overwhelming popular opposition, the Greek government proposed a new round of social cuts yesterday in order to obtain a €110 billion joint Europe-IMF bailout and repay its creditors among major international banks.
By Vicky Short, 1 May 2010
Spain’s Socialist Party (PSOE) Prime Minister José Luis Zapatero has pledged to implement austerity measures “whatever the cost”.
By Ulrich Rippert, 1 May 2010
The decision by the US rating agency Standard & Poor’s to downgrade Greek debt to junk status and its subsequent downgrading of Portugal and Spain augurs a new stage in the European and international financial crisis.
By Barry Grey, 30 April 2010
Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou met with trade union and business leaders Thursday to outline new austerity measures designed to more rapidly reduce the country’s budget deficit, in accordance with conditions for an expanded bailout laid down by the IMF, the European Central Bank and the European Commission.
By Alex Lantier, 29 April 2010
German and IMF officials discussed a €135 billion bailout for Greece yesterday, as Spain’s credit rating was downgraded and fears grew that the sovereign debt crisis would spread throughout Europe.