Southern Europe

Students occupy hundreds of schools throughout Greece

By John Vassilopulos, 11 November 2014

Students protested a new testing regime that pits schools and students against one another in competition for education resources.

One million protest in Rome against Renzi’s labor “reforms”

By Stefan Steinberg, 28 October 2014

Saturday’s mass demonstration was called by the trade unions to preempt any effective action against the government and cover up the role of the unions in developing the new legislation.

Brutal police provocation at Greek protest over fascist murder of rapper

By John Vassilopoulos, 24 September 2014

Greek police carried out mass arrests and attacked demonstrators at a protest marking the first anniversary since the killing of rapper Pavlos Fyssas by a fascist Golden Dawn member.

The European election in Greece

By Christoph Dreier, 29 May 2014

The results of the election for the European Parliament in Greece reflect the population’s hostility to the government and the EU’s austerity policies.

The Balkan floods and the break-up of Yugoslavia

By Paul Mitchell, 20 May 2014

The severity of the floods has been compounded by the fall-out from the break-up of the former Yugoslavia, the Bosnian War (1991-95) and the NATO bombardment of Serbia in 1999.

Greek ruling coalition takes losses in local elections

By Stefan Steinberg, 20 May 2014

The central government in Athens suffered a blow in central populated areas of Greece in the regional and municipal elections held on Sunday.

On eve of Merkel visit, massive anti-austerity strike in Greece

By Patrick Martin, 10 April 2014

The strike call was widely observed, but few workers attended rallies called by the two main union confederations, which have helped implement deep social cuts.

The rightward gallop of the Bosnian pseudo-left

By Ognjen Markovic, 5 April 2014

The pseudo-left in Bosnia treat major historical issues with contempt and associate with forces with longstanding counterrevolutionary records.

Greek students face prosecution for protests

By Katerina Selin, 13 March 2014

Students in Greece protesting for the right to an education are facing prosecution and possible imprisonment.

Rome at risk of Detroit-style bankruptcy

By Marc Wells, 4 March 2014

Italy’s new premier, Matteo Renzi, has approved a decree that prepares the framework for an unprecedented assault on public workers and services as well as the selloff of cultural assets.

US seeks to hijack Bosnia protests

By Ognjen Markovic and Paul Mitchell, 27 February 2014

Washington has grown increasingly dissatisfied with the intransigence of local politicians and the EU’s failure to resolve the quagmire.

European Union demands more austerity in Greece

By Robert Stevens, 29 January 2014

Demands for further austerity come after the Council of State ruled previous wage cuts to the armed forces, police, coast guard and firemen unconstitutional.

Survivors say Greek policy caused deaths of 12 migrants in Aegean Sea

By Robert Stevens, 25 January 2014

Afghan and Syrian refugees were allegedly “pushed back” towards Turkey.

Trade unions pave way for job and wage cuts at Spain’s largest bakery

By Alejandro López and Paul Mitchell, 26 October 2013

Spain’s largest bakery, Panrico, is preparing to sack nearly 50 percent of its 4,000 employees and cut wages by 30 percent, with the collusion of the trade unions.

Greece: Thousands protest attack on KKE by fascist Golden Dawn

By John Vassilopoulos, 16 September 2013

Thousands protested in Greece after Golden Dawn supporters attacked Greek Communist Party (KKE) members, wounding nine.

Euro zone hatches plan to wring further billions from Greece

By Robert Stevens, 6 September 2013

According to a report, the EU, ECB and IMF sent an email to the Greek government “insisting on liquidating state enterprises and dismissing their employees without compensation.”

Fascist Golden Dawn makes visit to Greek shipyards

By John Vassilopoulos, 14 August 2013

The visit by Greece’s fascist Golden Dawn party to Perama shipyard workers is an indictment of the trade union bureaucracy.

Protests at Greek detention camp highlight state violence against immigrants in Europe

By Stefan Steinberg, 13 August 2013

The EU’s agency for the protection of European borders, Frontex, has worked with the Greek state to set up centres that are characterized by subhuman conditions.

Obama, Greek premier stress close military and intelligence ties

By Christoph Dreier, 12 August 2013

During Antonis Samaras’ trip to Washington last week, Obama made clear that the US is prepared to back military repression to deal with increasing social opposition in Greece.

Berlusconi’s party threatens to bring down Italian government

By Marianne Arens, 5 August 2013

Following the conviction of Silvio Berlusconi, his People of Freedom party is threatening to pull its ministers out of the coalition government led by the Democratic Party.

Tens of thousands protest closure of public television in Greece

By Christoph Dreier, 14 June 2013

Tens of thousands of workers protested the closure of the Greek public broadcaster on Thursday, defying threats of arrest.

Alter-Summit in Athens: A pseudo-left response to growing social opposition in Europe

By Christoph Dreier, 11 June 2013

Trade unions and pseudo-left groups organized a so-called Alter-Summit in Athens, backing the European Union institutions that impose austerity throughout Europe.

Spanish Popular Party government seeks to turn back the clock on abortion rights

By Alejandro López, 4 June 2013

The right-wing Popular Party government is seeking to reform abortion laws, returning them to a state similar to that which existed under the fascist regime of General Franco.

Greek government divided over “anti-racist” law

By Christoph Dreier, 30 May 2013

Tensions have risen in the Greek government over draft legislation against racist incitement and state financing of the fascist party Golden Dawn.

Spanish government imposes more austerity measures

By Alejandro López, 30 May 2013

Spain’s Popular Party government has announced another raft of measures aimed at slashing the budget deficit to the European Union’s 3 percent target by 2016.

Spain’s Popular Party faces wave of strikes and demonstrations

By Alejandro López, 21 May 2013

A social explosion is brewing in Spain, where there have been at least 27 demonstrations since the beginning of the year.

Greek protests against ban on strikes

By Christoph Dreier, 14 May 2013

Greek police served 88,000 high school teachers with civil mobilization orders on Monday.

No retreat from austerity in Italy

By Chris Marsden, 2 May 2013

Enrico Letta heads a coalition tasked with continuing the savage austerity measures begun under Mario Monti.

Greek unions hold one-day general strike

By Robert Stevens, 2 May 2013

Public transport ground to a halt in the capital Athens, with no train or ferry services operating.

More mass layoffs in Greece

By Christoph Dreier, 30 April 2013

The Greek parliament has voted to dismiss 15,500 public service workers and slash the minimum wage.

Spain: Polls show support for all parties, unions and monarchy at record low

By Alejandro López, 24 April 2013

The huge decline in support for the political parties, trade unions, and the monarchy can only mean huge social struggles are on the horizon.

Official opposition protests Montenegro presidential election result

By Ognjen Markovic, 24 April 2013

Both candidates in the recent presidential election in Montenegro support the austerity policies of the European Union.

Mass evictions continue in Spain

By Franci Vier and Paul Mitchell, 23 April 2013

None of the main demands of the anti-evictions petition launched by the Mortgage Victims Platform have been included in a new law by the Popular Party.

The Cypriot bailout marks a new stage in the euro crisis

By Christoph Dreier, 11 April 2013

Fifty-five years after the founding of the European Economic Community, the project of unifying Europe on a capitalist basis has been irrevocably shattered by the global economic crisis.

European Union imposes austerity bailout on Cyprus

By Robert Stevens, 9 April 2013

The terms dictated to Cyprus by the European Union in exchange for a bailout are predicated on the destruction of the pay and conditions of the working class.

As government crisis drags on

Italian president appoints expert commissions

By Marianne Arens, 4 April 2013

The ruling class in Italy is desperately seeking to override the election result of February 25 and develop a political mechanism to continue the austerity policies that were decisively rejected by the electorate.

SYRIZA makes political pact with the nationalist right

By Christoph Dreier, 4 April 2013

The alliance with right-wing nationalists clearly shows SYRIZA’s class character.

Greek parliament overturns right to free, universal education

By Robert Stevens, 2 April 2013

The cynically-named Athena Plan, calling for mass closures of universities and technical institutions, was passed in flagrant violation of the Greek constitution.

Reports reveal rapid pauperisation of the Spanish working class

By Alejandro López, 2 April 2013

Recent statistical surveys attest to the massive drop in working class living standards in Spain since the onset of the global financial crisis.

After Cyprus, more austerity in Greece

By Robert Stevens, 30 March 2013

Fresh from its financial looting of Cyprus, the European bourgeoisie is threatening to withhold funds from Greece unless it complies with mass sackings in the public sector.

Attempts to form Italian government collapse

By Marianne Arens, 28 March 2013

A month after Italian elections produced a hung parliament, the latest attempts to form a government have collapsed amid mass opposition to austerity.

More evidence emerges of torture by Spanish troops in Iraq

By Alejandro López, 28 March 2013

A video posted by the daily El País provides more evidence of the involvement of Spanish soldiers in mistreatment of detainees during the Iraq war.

Europe in crisis as Cyprus faces national bankruptcy

By Jordan Shilton and Chris Marsden, 21 March 2013

The collapse of Cyprus’s financial system is being avoided only by the continued closure of the banks, which may be kept shut until next Tuesday.

Cyprus banks close as bailout terms spark Europe-wide crisis

By Jordan Shilton and Chris Marsden, 19 March 2013

Terms attached to the European Union bailout for Cypriot banks triggered heavy losses on financial markets.

Italy: Bridgestone wants to close plant in Bari

By Marianne Arens, 19 March 2013

Tyre manufacturer Bridgestone is responding to the declining European tyre market by cutting jobs in southern Italy.

Spain’s Iberia airline strike betrayed by unions

By Alejandro López, 14 March 2013

The five unions representing the majority of workers at Spanish airline Iberia have accepted a deal to end the three-month dispute.

Corruption scandals engulf Spain’s monarchy

By Vicky Short, 12 March 2013

The Urdangarin scandal has raised questions over the future of the monarchy in Spain.

Initial results indicate stalemate in Italian election

By Peter Schwarz, 26 February 2013

The Italian election result presages fierce social conflicts and political upheavals.

Cyprus poses danger for euro zone stability

By Jordan Shilton, 26 February 2013

As the new Cypriot government of Nikos Anastasiades pledges further austerity, the financial crisis gripping the island threatens the stability of the euro zone.

Workers mount 24-hour national strike against social attacks in Greece

By Christoph Dreier, 21 February 2013

Tens of thousands of Greek workers went on strike on Wednesday to protest government austerity measures and attacks on the right to strike.

SYRIZA censures deputy for questioning Greek claims of disputed islands

By Christoph Dreier, 21 February 2013

The Greek Coalition of the Radical Left (SYRIZA) has expelled one of its members from a parliamentary committee after he distanced himself from anti-Turkish chauvinism and the Greek army.

In the Italian elections, Rifondazione Comunista emerges as a bourgeois party

By Marc Wells, 12 February 2013

Rifondazione is joining the Citizens’ Revolution alliance of prosecutor Antonio Ingroia, completing its transformation into a bourgeois party.

Greek government imposes martial law on ferry strikers

By Christoph Dreier, 7 February 2013

The criminalization of striking workers harks back to the police state conditions that prevailed under the fascist regime of the Greek colonels some 40 years ago.

Greek government threatens striking ferry workers with martial law

By Christoph Dreier, 5 February 2013

The Greek government has announced that it intends to ban a strike by ferry workers against wage cuts and sackings and place the workers under martial law.

The human cost of Italian austerity

By Paul Bond, 29 January 2013

As the social catastrophe deepens, all parties in Italy’s general election have agreed to impose further austerity measures.

Striking Athens subway workers defy court ruling

By Robert Stevens, 24 January 2013

The strike by Athens subway workers continued into its seventh day yesterday in defiance of a court ruling declaring the work action illegal.

Italy: Beppe Grillo’s inexorable move to the right

By Marianne Arens and Peter Schwarz, 24 January 2013

The Five-Star Movement led by comedian Beppe Grillo is regarded as the protest organisation with the best chance of success in the Italian elections.

The political economy of the Spanish bank bailout

By Nick Beams, 11 December 2012

The initial measures are widely regarded as the prelude to a full-scale bailout of the Spanish state and the establishment of a financial dictatorship of the kind now in place in Greece.

Italian Prime Minister Monti resigns

By Peter Schwarz, 11 December 2012

Monti resigned for tactical reasons. He is attempting to secure a long-term and stable parliamentary majority for his increasingly unpopular austerity measures.

Croatian war criminals released after appeal by Western military chiefs

By Paul Mitchell, 11 December 2012

The International Criminal Tribunal for Yugoslavia Appeals Court overturned the convictions of Croatian general Ante Gotovina and Assistant Interior Minister Mladen Markac.

Protests against Slovenian government

By Markus Salzmann, 10 December 2012

On December 3, tens of thousands took to the streets in Slovenia to demonstrate against the austerity measures of Prime Minister Janez Janša’s right-wing government.

The destruction of health care in Greece

By Ernst Wolf, 8 December 2012

Five austerity packages within the space of two and a half years have reduced the health system in Greece to the level of a developing country.

Spanish bank bailout paves way for new attacks on working class

By Alex Lantier, 7 December 2012

On Monday night euro zone finance ministers approved a bailout requested for Spain’s banking sector.

Spanish government prepares repressive measures against social opposition

By Vicky Short and Alejandro López, 6 December 2012

Mariano Rajoy’s Popular Party government is preparing to impose €90 billion in budget cuts over the next two years.

Italian steel workers fight for jobs

By Marianne Arens, 5 December 2012

Employees of the Ilva steel group carried out demonstrations throughout Italy last week to protest against the closure of the company’s main plant in Taranto.

Demands for restructuring of public sector follow approval of Portuguese budget

By Paul Mitchell, 3 December 2012

Portugal’s National Assembly last week approved the country’s harshest-ever budget.

Protests grow against evictions in Spain

By Francisca Vier, 1 December 2012

Three suicides related to evictions within a month have highlighted the brutality of the government and banks in Spain.

Austerity without end

By Peter Schwarz, 29 November 2012

The main message from Monday’s meeting of euro zone finance ministers is that the Greek people confront years, if not decades, of austerity.

No debt reduction for Greece

By Peter Schwarz, 28 November 2012

Euro zone finance ministers rejected calls by the International Monetary Fund (IMF), among others, for debt relief for the highly indebted country.

Separatist parties dominate Catalan election results

By Paul Mitchell, 27 November 2012

The Catalan parliamentary election held November 25 resulted in a significant vote for parties calling for independence from Spain.

Protest against austerity measures in Slovenia

By Markus Salzmann, 27 November 2012

On November 17, 30,000 people protested in the Slovenian capital against austerity policies.

SYRIZA leader visits Barcelona to prop up Greens and Stalinists

By Alejandro López, 26 November 2012

Alexis Tsipras attended a public meeting in Catalonia just three days before the regional elections.

Sicily elects new regional president

By Marianne Arens, 22 November 2012

Voters’ illusions about Sicily’s new regional president, Rosario Crocetto, are bound to explode as the economic crisis continues to create fertile ground for the Mafia and other reactionary organizations.

Greece in the grip of the EU

By Christoph Dreier, 22 November 2012

The latest draft of the credit agreement between the Troika and the Greek government envisages the virtual abrogation of all the legal powers of parliament.

The troika calls for further cuts in Greece

By Christoph Dreier, 17 November 2012

The report presented November 12 by the troika paints a devastating picture of Greece’s economic prospects.

Spanish unions abandon miners prosecuted during 2010 strikes

By Vicky Short, 16 November 2012

Seven Spanish miners who faced charges of public disorder and “attacks on authority” after the 2010 strike saw their sentences suspended in exchange for a two-year probationary period.

Mass demonstrations in Spain, Portugal, Italy against austerity and unemployment

By our reporters, 15 November 2012

Hundreds of thousands of workers took to the streets Wednesday in a number of European countries to demonstrate against rising unemployment and the austerity measures dictated by the European Union and the IMF.

SYRIZA leader Tsipras offers his services to the troika

By Christoph Dreier, 14 November 2012

Under conditions of growing popular resistance to austerity, SYRIZA leader Alexis Tsipras is preparing to succeed the unstable government of Greece in order to suppress workers’ protests.

Euro zone finance ministers demand deeper cuts in Greece, Europe

By Robert Stevens and Jordan Shilton, 13 November 2012

A meeting of euro zone finance ministers on Monday delayed a further 31.5 billion euros in aid to Greece.

Strikes continue in Greece

By Christoph Dreier, 10 November 2012

Following parliamentary adoption of the fifth package of austerity measures, strikes are continuing in much of the Greek public sector.

What way forward for workers in Greece?

By Christoph Dreier, 9 November 2012

While this week’s strikes and mass protests show the immense potential power of the Greek workers, the policy of the trade unions and their political allies is aimed at suffocating the struggle to defeat the austerity measures.

L’Aquila, Italy earthquake: Long sentences for seismologists

By Marianne Arens, 9 November 2012

Seven scientists convicted to long sentences by a court in L’Aquila, Italy are being scapegoated for the disastrous consequences of the 2009 earthquake.

En Lucha’s Andy Durgan: Historical distortions to justify political betrayal of Spanish workers

Part three

By Dave Hyland, 9 November 2012

This is the conclusion of a three-part article on En Lucha’s Andy Durgan’s distortions of the lessons from Spanish history.

Greek parliament approves drastic austerity plan amid mass strikes

By Christoph Dreier, 8 November 2012

On Wednesday night the Greek Parliament voted in favor of the country’s fifth austerity program within the space of the last three years.

En Lucha’s Andy Durgan: Historical distortions to justify political betrayal of Spanish workers

Part two

By Dave Hyland, 8 November 2012

This is the second of a three-part article on the distortions of the lessons of Spanish history by En Luncha’s Andy Durgan.

Anti-austerity strike brings Greece to a halt

By Christoph Dreier, 7 November 2012

Tuesday saw the beginning of a 48-hour general strike in Greece against the government’s austerity measures.

En Lucha’s Andy Durgan: Historical distortions to justify political betrayal of Spanish workers

Part one

By Dave Hyland, 7 November 2012

This is the first of a three-part article on the distortions of the lessons of Spanish history by En Lucha’s Andy Durgan.

Italy’s ex-premier Berlusconi convicted of tax fraud

By Marc Wells, 5 November 2012

Media tycoon and former prime minister Silvio Berlusconi was convicted October 26 of tax fraud in a Milan court and sentenced to four years’ jail time and five years’ ban from public office.

Greek journalist acquitted for leaking list of wealthy potential tax dodgers

By Robert Stevens, 3 November 2012

Kostas Vaxevanis has been found innocent of breaching data privacy laws by a three-judge panel in Athens.

Defend the Greek working class!

By Christoph Dreier, 2 November 2012

A critical precondition for a struggle of the European working class against austerity is political solidarity with the embattled Greek working class.

The dead-end of Catalan independence

Part two

By Alejandro López and Paul Mitchell, 2 November 2012

This is the conclusion of a two-part article. Part one was published November 1.

The dead-end of Catalan independence

By Alejandro López and Paul Mitchell, 1 November 2012

Workers and young people should reject all claims that their interests are served by calls for Catalan independence, which have gained momentum with the economic crisis.

SYRIZA supports Greek government as it negotiates new austerity measures

By Christoph Dreier, 31 October 2012

Amid massive opposition to the new austerity package, the largest opposition party, SYRIZA, has pledged its support to the Greek government.

A quarter of Spain now unemployed

By Alejandro López, 31 October 2012

The Spanish ruling class is committed to a policy of class war, backed by police violence and state repression.

Separatist parties gain in Spanish regional elections

By Vicky Short and Paul Mitchell, 31 October 2012

The collapse in support for the governing Socialist Workers Party benefited separatist parties in regional elections in the Basque Country and Galicia.

Poverty, hunger and inequality grow in Spain

By Alejandro López, 30 October 2012

The European recession has increased suffering among the Spanish people.

Further cuts leading to collapse of Greek health system

By Christoph Dreier, 27 October 2012

One of the hardest hit victims of the austerity program dictated by the EU and the IMF is the Greek health sector.

Another EU memorandum for Greece

By Christoph Dreier, 25 October 2012

On Wednesday, the Greek government announced it had reached an agreement with the troika (the European Central Bank, European Commission and International Monetary Fund) on a new austerity package.

Poverty, hunger and inequality grow in Spain

By Alejandro López, 24 October 2012

There has been a dramatic rise in poverty, hunger and inequality across Spain since the outbreak of the economic crisis in 2008.

The danger of fascism in Greece

By Christoph Dreier, 23 October 2012

Brutal attacks on the social rights of the working class across Europe are accompanied by the growth of fascistic movements such as Greece’s Golden Dawn.