Southern Europe

Greece: “Leftist” SYRIZA alliance defends police months after suppression of mass demonstrations

By Markus Salzmann, 28 July 2009

A news agency in Athens recently reported that Alekos Alavanos, chairman of the parliamentary fraction of the SYRIZA alliance, has expressed his full support for the Greek police.

Italy: Train explosion leads to angry outbursts against Berlusconi

By Marianne Arens, 7 July 2009

Negligence and inadequate safety precautions are alleged to be factors in the recent train tragedy in Italy.

Greece: Police, far-right thugs attack Muslim immigrants

By John Vassilopoulos, 6 June 2009

In the midst of growing right-wing agitation against Muslims, St. Panteleimon Church in Athens, a shelter for homeless immigrants, was torched last month.

Italy: Fiat workers protest against management and their union leadership

By Marianne Arens, 21 May 2009

Fiat workers from all over Italy demonstrated last Saturday at the Fiat company headquarters in Lingotto. At the head of the march were the workforces of two Fiat factories facing closure.

Spain: Garzón investigation reveals abuse suffered by Guantánamo detainees

By Paul Mitchell, 5 May 2009

Garzón’s investigation targets the “possible material authors, enablers and accomplices” of illegal abuses, possibly including the high-level Bush administration officials, responsible for what amounts to an “authorized and systematic plan for torture.”

Spain: Zapatero government sends more troops to Afghanistan

By Paul Stuart and Paul Mitchell, 2 May 2009

Last month, Spain became the first European country to increase its military mission in Afghanistan.

Spanish judge launches new torture probe of Bush officials

By Paul Mitchell and Chris Marsden, 1 May 2009

Spain’s top investigative judge, Baltasar Garzón, has launched a criminal investigation into allegations of torture at Guantánamo Bay that will target high-level Bush administration officials.

Earthquake in Abruzzo exposes corruption in Italian building industry

By Marianne Arens, 14 April 2009

Following last week’s earthquake in Abruzzo, grief and shock have given way to growing anger as it has become clear that much of the destruction could have been avoided.

Spain: Big business demands savage attacks on working class following bank crash

By Paul Stuart, 4 April 2009

Big business leaders in Spain are stepping up their demands for labour reforms in the wake of a regional banks collapse.

Spanish court weighs torture charges against former US officials

By Bill Van Auken, 31 March 2009

A Spanish court is considering criminal charges against former US Attorney General Alberto Gonzales and other top officials in the Bush administration for providing legal justification for torture, and other crimes associated with the “war on terror.”

Spain: New Anti-Capitalist Left party to contest European elections

By Paul Stuart and Paul Mitchell, 13 March 2009

The United Left faction Alternative Space has set up a new Anti-Capitalist Left party to contest the European elections in June.

Italy: The case of Eluana Englaro

The exploitation of a personal tragedy and its political implications

By Marc Wells, 19 February 2009

In 1992, 20-year-old Eluana Englaro was involved in a serious car accident that left her in a permanent vegetative state. A lengthy legal struggle led by the woman’s father resulted in a decision by the Milan Court of Appeal in July 2008 sanctioning the withdrawal of the feeding tube.

Union bureaucracy victimizes militants at Turkish factories

By Sinan Ikinci, 30 January 2009

The Turkish trade unions have collaborated with management to isolate and victimize militants at factories as the economic and financial crisis has deepened.

Growing opposition to Italian government’s xenophobic campaign

By Marianne Arens, 29 January 2009

Residents of the island of Lampedusa are opposing the chauvinist campaign of the Italian Berlusconi government to scapegoat refugees.

Spain: Montserrat Martínez and her campaign to discover the truth about Franco’s mass graves

By Paul Mitchell, 28 January 2009

Montserrat Martínez Soler has been at the forefront of the campaign to discover the truth about the mass graves that contain the remains of Republicans and leftists killed by Franco’s forces during the Spanish Civil War and his regime that followed. She spoke with the WSWS about the exhumation of the grave containing the remains of her grandfather.

French car industry bailout: a new attack on the working class

By Antoine Lerougetel, 28 January 2009

French Prime Minister François Fillon announced January 20 a plan to inject €5.5 billion into the national car industry in an effort to shield it from the world economic meltdown. This massive transfer of funds to private enterprise is being dressed up as a plan to defend French jobs.

Spain: Montserrat Martínez and her campaign to discover the truth about Franco’s mass graves

By Paul Mitchell, 27 January 2009

Montserrat Martínez Soler has been at the forefront of the campaign to discover the truth about the mass graves that contain the remains of Republicans and leftists killed by Franco’s forces during the Spanish Civil War and his regime that followed. She spoke with the WSWS about the exhumation of the grave containing the remains of her grandfather.

Greek farmers protest government and EU policies

By Markus Salzmann, 27 January 2009

Thousands of Greek farmers protested last week against low prices and cuts in subsidies enforced by the Greek government and the European Union.

Greek prime minister reshuffles cabinet

By Robert Stevens, 14 January 2009

The Greek government of Prime Minister Costas Karamanlis completed a cabinet reshuffle January 8, following weeks of widespread protests over the police killing of 15-year-old Alexis Grigoropoulos.

WSWS reports from Athens

“This is more than a protest, it is an anti-capitalist movement”

By Marius Heuser and Markus Salzmann, 22 December 2008

The WSWS spoke with some of the workers who have occupied the headquarters of the General Confederation of Greek Workers (GSEE) in Athens since last Wednesday.

Greece: Student protests target Karamanlis government

By Robert Stevens, 20 December 2008

The slogans of the demonstrations have become increasingly hostile to the New Democracy government of Costas Karamanlis. Among the banners held by the students was one declaring, “Topple the government of blood, poverty, privatisations.”

Eyewitness report from Athens, Greece

19 December 2008

A report from Athens, Greece on recent demonstrations and protests against the government

Greece: Police crack down as government and opposition seek to isolate mass protests

By Stefan Steinberg, 16 December 2008

Sections of the Greek media and leading politicians have sought to brand as “extremists” and “terrorists” the tens of thousands of Greek students, school pupils and ordinary workers, including immigrants and the employed, who have repeatedly taken part in mass demonstrations.

Eyewitness reports police violence against Athens protesters

16 December 2008

This account of the recent protests was submitted by a Greek student to the World Socialist Web Site.

New protests in Athens, solidarity actions across Europe

By Chris Marsden, 13 December 2008

Thousands took part in an anti-government rally in Athens on Friday, culminating a week of protests that show no signs of abating.

General strike, spreading protests rock Greek government

By Chris Marsden, 11 December 2008

Yesterday’s general strike paralysed much of Greece. Some 10,000 marched against the Karamanlis government in Athens.

French government’s emergency budget deepens social divide

By Pierre Mabut, 9 December 2008

French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced a raft of economic measures December 4 amounting to €26 billion (US$33 billion) as part of an effort to refloat the economy in 2009 in the face of the world slump.

France: Thousands demonstrate against postal service privatisation

By Olivier Laurent and Antoine Lerougetel, 26 November 2008

Demonstrations took place in towns across France on Saturday against the planned privatization of the postal service.

France: Hundreds of thousands strike and march against education cuts

By our reporters, 22 November 2008

Half of all France’s teachers, some 400,000 throughout the national school system, struck and up to 200,000 took to the streets in a hundred cities last Thursday in the fourth day of action in education in two months.

Spain: Judge Garzón abandons investigation into Franco-era crimes

By Paul Mitchell, 22 November 2008

Judge Baltasar Garzón has decided to abandon his investigation into the executions and repression carried out by the fascist regime of General Francisco Franco after protests from right-wing politicians, the media and the Roman Catholic Church.

Spanish Stalinist leader Carrillo opposes Garzón indictment

By Paul Bond, 14 November 2008

Santiago Carrillo, the 93-year-old former general secretary of the Stalinist Communist Party of Spain (PCE), has publicly criticised moves by Judge Baltasar Garzón for an investigation of the crimes of the Franco dictatorship.

Spain: Supreme Court halts investigation into Franco-era crimes

By Paul Stuart and Paul Mitchell, 13 November 2008

Spain’s Supreme Court has halted the investigation begun by Judge Baltasar Garzón into the executions and repression carried out by the fascist regime of General Francisco Franco.

Workers Struggles: Europe & Africa

7 November 2008

The World Socialist Web Site invites workers and other readers to contribute to this regular feature.

Spain: What the Garzon indictment states about the crimes of the Franco era

By Paul Mitchell, 5 November 2008

Judge Baltasar Garzon has launched an investigation into the thousands of mass graves of the victims of the Franco scattered across Spain. To date, not a single person has been prosecuted for the crimes committed under the dictatorship.

Mass strike in Italy against Berlusconi government

By Harvey Thompson, 24 October 2008

A general strike in Italy last Friday protested low wages and attacks on the working population by the Berlusconi government.

General strike in Greece amid deepening financial crisis

By Harvey Thompson, 23 October 2008

A 24-hour general strike was staged Tuesday, October 21, across Greece, grinding the country’s major infrastructure to a halt. The strike involved workers in air traffic, urban transport and public services.

How the WRP joined the NATO camp

Imperialist war in the Balkans and the decay of the petty-bourgeois left

International Committee Fourth International, 14 December 1995

Fifty years after the end of World War II, the great powers are once again embarked on a violent redivision of the world. This is the significance of the intervention by the United States and Western Europe into the four-year-old conflict caused by the dissolution of Yugoslavia.