India-Pakistan Conflict

Pakistan court sentences to death former US-backed military strongman Musharraf

By Sampath Perera, 20 December 2019

The court ruling, provoking an open conflict between the judiciary and the military, has deepened the political turmoil engulfing Islamabad.

With ruling on razed mosque

India’s Supreme Court validates Hindu supremacist violence

By Keith Jones, 11 November 2019

The Supreme Court’s ruling attests to the extent to which India’s state institutions have become infused with Hindu communalism and India’s ruling elite is breaking with the most elementary democratic principles.

Modi’s assault on Kashmir and the Indian working class

By Keith Jones, 5 November 2019

The BJP government has dramatically intensified its across-the-board attack on the democratic rights and social position of the working class.

Detentions without charge, night-raids, torture:

India’s state of siege in Kashmir continues

By Wasantha Rupasinghe, 10 October 2019

With the blessing of India’s Supreme Court and the staunch support of big business and the opposition, the BJP government continues to impose an unprecedented security lockdown and communications blackout.

India crows over US support for its assault on Kashmir

By Keith Jones, 30 August 2019

For almost four weeks, Jammu and Kashmir has been under a state of siege, with cell phone and internet service suspended, thousands held without charge, and security forces terrorizing the population.

Sri Lankan PM backs Indian repression in Kashmir

By Wasantha Rupasinghe, 28 August 2019

The support for New Delhi’s anti-democratic measures in J&K reflects the fact that all factions of Sri Lanka’s ruling elite are moving towards the imposition of dictatorial rule.

Indian assault on Kashmir in third week, thousands arrested

By Deepal Jayasekera and Keith Jones, 21 August 2019

Despite India’s efforts to black out what is happening in Kashmir, information is leaking out that points to both widespread repression and popular resistance.

India, Pakistan exchange artillery-fire, threats over Kashmir

By Keith Jones, 19 August 2019

At least 4,000 people have been arrested in Jammu and Kashmir in the two weeks since New Delhi placed the disputed region under a state of siege.

India’s unprecedented lockdown of Kashmir in eleventh day

By K. Ratnayake, 15 August 2019

India’s Hindu supremacist BJP government has imposed a brutal lockdown to suppress mass opposition to its subjecting Indian-held Kashmir to permanent central government domination.

020 Kashmir

14 August 2019

New Delhi’s assault on Kashmir and the fight against communal reaction, imperialism, and war

By Keith Jones, 10 August 2019

With the aim of inciting communal reaction against mounting social opposition and strengthening its hand against Pakistan and China, India’s BJP government has illegally stripped Jammu and Kashmir of its special status.

Report details Indian security forces use of torture against Kashmiri people

By Wasantha Rupasinghe, 23 July 2019

Jammu and Kashmir has been under de facto military rule since 1990, with over half a million security forces deployed in a state of just 13 million people.

22 July 2019

Pompeo touts Indo-US alliance, bullies New Delhi

By Keith Jones, 28 June 2019

India’s ruling elite is determined to double-down on its reckless gamble that it can realize its great-power ambitions by serving as US imperialism’s junior partner.

Reports underscore how close India and Pakistan came to all-out war in late February

By Keith Jones, 20 March 2019

Just three weeks ago, India and Pakistan became the first nuclear-armed powers to ever attack each other with warplanes.

Days after coming to the brink of all-out war

India and Pakistan stoke chauvinism, exchange threats

By Deepal Jayasekera, 6 March 2019

Although cross-border shelling has reportedly declined since Sunday, continuing tensions between South Asia’s rival nuclear-armed states have left the region on the brink of a catastrophic war.

India-Pakistan war tensions escalate

By Deepal Jayasekera, 4 March 2019

At least six civilians and two Pakistani soldiers have been killed as a result of cross-border shelling from both sides along the Line of Control.

India and Pakistan tobogganing toward a catastrophic war

By Keith Jones, 2 March 2019

India and Pakistan are teetering on the brink of what would be the first-ever war between nuclear-armed states.

India and Pakistan issue fresh war threats

By K. Ratnayake, 1 March 2019

Even as Islamabad agreed to release a captured Indian pilot as a “peace gesture,” India and Pakistan continued their war preparations.

Nuclear-armed India, Pakistan on brink of all-out war

By K. Ratnayake, 28 February 2019

Pakistan announced Wednesday that it had struck targets in India after India carried out a large-scale bombing raid deep in Pakistan on Tuesday morning.

India bombs Pakistan, Islamabad vows military retaliation

By Wasantha Rupasinghe, 27 February 2019

Washington gave the green light for Tuesday’s attack, although it could trigger tit-for-tat retaliatory action that quickly cascades into all-out war.

Indian government intensifies retaliatory threats against Pakistan

By Deepal Jayasekera, 19 February 2019

Any Indian military strike could easily lead to a tit-for-tat escalation and rapidly cascade into an all-out war between South Asia’s rival nuclear-armed states.

Indian government seizes on Kashmir attack to ratchet up tensions with Pakistan

By Deepal Jayasekera, 16 February 2019

New Delhi’s denunciations and blood-curdling threats are all but an announcement of an impending Indian military strike on Pakistan.

India cancels talks with Pakistan, threatens military action

By Keith Jones, 24 September 2018

India’s army chief said “pain” should be inflicted on Pakistan, while applauding New Delhi’s scuttling of foreign ministerial talks with Pakistan.

Indian-Pakistani clashes in Kashmir put South Asia on knife’s edge

By Sampath Perera, 31 January 2018

India’s army chief has said that if the deteriorating situation along the border warrants it, his forces stand ready to call Islamabad’s nuclear “bluff” and strike inside Pakistan.

Seventy years since the communal Partition of South Asia

By Keith Jones, 16 August 2017

The Partition was one of the great crimes of the 20th century—a crime that has shaped, or more precisely deformed, the entire subsequent history of South Asia.

Indian establishment lauds military’s use of Kashmiri youth as “human shield”

By Wasantha Rupasinghe, 24 May 2017

Predictably the military’s announcement that it would convene a court of inquiry to investigate the incident has proven to be a cruel joke.

India intensifies repression in Kashmir

By Kranti Kumara and Wasantha Rupasinghe, 16 May 2017

India’s former National Security Advisor has warned that the ruling elite has lost control of the situation in Kashmir, with unarmed youth repeatedly risking their lives to impede security operations.

Indian military given green light to strike Pakistan

By Keith Jones, 3 May 2017

Relations between India and Pakistan are again on the boil, just months after South Asia’s rival nuclear-armed powers came to the brink of war.

South Asian nuclear arms race accelerates amid India-Pakistan standoff

By Sampath Perera, 28 February 2017

India and Pakistan are rapidly expanding their nuclear arsenals and proclaiming adherence to aggressive military strategies that increase the prospect of nuclear war.

To target China, US further enhances military-strategic alliance with India

By Keith Jones, 15 December 2016

The last days of the Obama administration have seen a concerted, bi-partisan drive of the American political elite and the Pentagon to further cement the Indo-US “global strategic partnership.”

India rebuffs Pakistan’s “peace” overtures

By Keith Jones, 6 December 2016

India has demonstrably rebuffed Pakistan’s attempts to initiate a dialogue aimed at defusing the almost three-month-long war crisis between South Asia’s rival nuclear-armed states.

War tensions between India and Pakistan intensify

By Wasantha Rupasinghe and Keith Jones, 1 December 2016

The truce along the Line of Control between Indian- and Pakistan-held Kashmir, that was put in place in the aftermath of a war crisis in 2001-2002, has manifestly broken down.

Indian defence minister urges jettisoning of “no first-strike” nuclear pledge

By Keith Jones, 14 November 2016

In the midst of a war crisis with Pakistan, India’s defence minister has criticized the country’s “No First Use” nuclear-weapons policy for “giving away strength.”

Indo-Pakistan tensions escalate

By Wasantha Rupasinghe, 8 November 2016

The ongoing clashes along the Line of Control between India and Pakistan highlight the dangerous standoff that has brought the nuclear-armed rivals to the brink of war.

Indian elite rails against China for its ties to Pakistan

By Keith Jones, 5 November 2016

Relations between India and China are rapidly spiraling downwards, as regional geopolitics become increasingly polarized along Indo-US versus China-Pakistan lines.

Death toll rises to 25, as India-Pakistan border clashes heighten war danger

By Alex Lantier, 2 November 2016

As US officials pledge greater support to India against Pakistan and China, both Indian and Pakistani officials are vowing to escalate their conflict over Kashmir.

India-Pakistan cross-border barrages heighten South Asia’s war crisis

By Keith Jones, 1 November 2016

India’s BJP government calculates that it can exploit the war crisis to strengthen its hand against Pakistan while stoking reaction and rallying support at home.

Sri Lanka assists India to isolate Pakistan by not attending SAARC summit

By Pradeep Ramanayake, 25 October 2016

The Sri Lankan prime minister has unequivocally backed the Indian government’s efforts to exploit the Uri military raid to undermine Pakistan and boost India’s great power ambitions.

Bangladesh government accused of “kneecapping” opponents

By Sarath Kumara, 22 October 2016

The Hasina government, which confronts widespread opposition, is increasingly resorting to police-state methods to maintain its rule.

US amplifies its support for India’s military strikes on Pakistan

By Deepal Jayasekera, 18 October 2016

Washington’s endorsement of India’s jettisoning of “strategic restraint” will only encourage New Delhi to carry out still more aggressive and provocative military actions.

150 US/India/Pakistan

14 October 2016

Indian Stalinists aid BJP’s bellicose anti-Pakistan campaign

By Wasantha Rupasinghe and Keith Jones, 14 October 2016

India’s principal Stalinist party, the CPM, is playing a foul role in the reckless, bellicose offensive India’s ruling elite is mounting against its nuclear-armed arch-rival, Pakistan.

080 Indian Stalinists back attack on Pakistan

13 October 2016

Opposition grows in Indo-Pakistan borderlands to India’s warmongering

By Wasantha Rupasinghe, 10 October 2016

Despite the bellicose propaganda campaign of the Indian government and media, there is widespread public opposition to a war between Pakistan and India.

India’s military calls for more strikes on Pakistan

By Keith Jones, 6 October 2016

Large sections of India’s ruling elite are urging the Hindu communalist BJP government to further escalate military pressure on Pakistan.

France’s sale of Rafale jets to India stokes Indo-Pakistani war tensions

By Senthooran Ravee, 5 October 2016

The Rafale deal is one of India’s largest-ever arms purchases

Amid war crisis, Pakistani actors hounded out of India

By Kranti Kumara, 4 October 2016

The Indian Motion Pictures Producers’ Association has passed a resolution banning Pakistani actors, singers and technicians from Bollywood productions.

India and Pakistan teeter on the brink of war

By Keith Jones, 3 October 2016

In anticipation of a possible Pakistani counter-strike, or to facilitate their own war preparations, India is evacuating tens of thousands of people living near the border.

US backs India’s military strikes on Pakistan

By Keith Jones, 1 October 2016

Washington’s readiness to endorse India’s new aggressive posture will only encourage New Delhi to take still greater military-strategic risks.

India launches military attacks against Pakistan

By Keith Jones, 30 September 2016

Indian military strikes killed people in the “double-digits,” according to media reports, bringing South Asia perilously close to an all-out war with potentially catastrophic consequences.

After Kashmir attack, US media threaten to support India in war with Pakistan

By Kumaran Ira, 29 September 2016

Washington’s anti-China “pivot to Asia” is fueling war tensions between Pakistan and India, which have escalated since Islamist militants attacked an Indian military base in Kashmir.

India launches campaign to “punish” Pakistan

By Wasntha Rupasinghe, 28 September 2016

The publicly announced steps India has taken against Pakistan are of a diplomatic and economic character. But behind the scenes feverish preparations continue for a lethal “counterstrike.”

Pakistan replies with belligerence to Indian threats

By Sampath Perera, 27 September 2016

The Pakistan Air Force conducted war exercises last week, including over the skies of the national capital, Islamabad, and on the highway connecting it to Lahore.

India’s Defence Minister reaffirms vow to “punish” Pakistan

By K. Ratnayake and Keith Jones, 23 September 2016

Combining colossal stupidity with criminal recklessness, India’s Defence Minister pooh-poohed Pakistan’s threats to use its recently deployed tactical nuclear weapons sooner rather than later in any war.

India and Pakistan teeter on the precipice of war

By Keith Jones, 21 September 2016

Four days after India’s government held Pakistan responsible for a terrorist attack in the disputed Kashmir region that killed 18 Indian soldiers, New Delhi continues to be gripped by war fever.

Bellicose campaign in India against Pakistan after attack on Kashmiri base

By Wasantha Rupasinghe, 20 September 2016

Led by senior figures in the ruling BJP, India’s political and defense-security establishments are clamouring for military action against Pakistan.

War danger surges as India blames Pakistan for attack on Kashmir base

By V. Gnana, 19 September 2016

Seventeen Indian soldiers were killed yesterday morning in Indian-administered Kashmir when fighters assaulted a military base at Uri.

Indian Stalinists at loggerheads in wake of electoral debacle

By Arun Kumar and Palash Roy, 18 June 2016

The Stalinist CPM is bitterly divided over whether to move still closer to the deeply discredited Congress Party—the Indian bourgeoisie’s traditional party of government.

The assassination of Mullah Akhtar Mansour: Washington plays with fire in Eurasia’s geopolitical tinderbox—Part 1

By Thomas Gaist, 4 June 2016

The US’s May 21 assassination of the Taliban’s political leader was an immense provocation and a grave warning to the international working class.

US refuses to finance F-16 fighter jets for Pakistan

By Sampath Perera, 16 May 2016

As tensions with Washington escalate, Pakistan has indicated it is looking for alternative jets from China and Russia.

Indian air chief calls growing Chinese influence a strategic threat

By Kanda Gabriel, 22 April 2016

India’s alignment with Washington’s anti-China “pivot” is inflaming explosive military and national-ethnic tensions across South Asia.

Indian elite welcomes deal to allow US military to use ports and bases

By Deepal Jayasekera, 20 April 2016

While the Congress and Stalinists are voicing opposition to India becoming a “full-fledged” US ally, they have been instrumental in expanding US-Indian military ties.

Indian analyst urges US to use secret diplomacy in harnessing Delhi to anti-China “pivot”

By K. Ratnayake, 25 March 2016

A prominent military-strategic analyst has criticised the very public manner in which the US is pressing for India to act as a “frontline state” in its war drive against China.

India-Pakistan talks may be derailed even before they begin

By K. Ratnayake, 13 January 2016

Whoever was responsible for the January 2 assault by armed gunmen on India’s Pathankot Air Force Base, its purpose was to scuttle the US-backed “dialogue” between the two nuclear-armed rivals.

India and Pakistan exchange war threats

By Sampath Perera, 12 September 2015

For months, India and Pakistan have been regularly exchanging artillery fire across the Line of Control that separates Indian and Pakistan-held Kashmir.

India-Pakistan talks abruptly cancelled

By Sampath Perera and Keith Jones, 28 August 2015

The collapse of the Indo-Pakistani talks before they even began exemplifies the explosive tensions between the rival nuclear-armed powers.

Tensions between India and Pakistan escalate despite Modi-Sharif meeting

By Sampath Perera, 1 August 2015

India’s 15-month-old BJP government continues to integrate New Delhi ever more completely into Washington’s anti-China “pivot.”

Kerry presses Pakistan to intensify anti-Taliban war

By Sampath Perera, 20 January 2015

The US secretary of state praised Pakistan’s brutal North Waziristan offensive, then demanded Islamabad do still more to support the US war in Afghanistan.

India and Pakistan trade warnings over escalating border clashes

By Kranti Kumara and Keith Jones, 10 October 2014

India and Pakistan have exchanged bellicose warnings over what are being described as the most serious border skirmishes in more than a decade.

Tense standoff between India and Pakistan along their disputed Kashmir border continues

By Deepal Jayasekera, 31 August 2013

For more than three weeks, India and Pakistan exchanged artillery fire dails across the Line of Control in the disputed Kashmir region.

Renewed clashes between India and Pakistan in disputed Kashmir

By Sampath Perera, 16 August 2013

The killing of five Indian soldiers in the disputed Kashmir region has resulted in a further escalation of tensions between India and Pakistan.

New flare-up of Indo-Pakistani tensions in disputed Kashmir

By Deepal Jayasekera, 12 June 2013

India alleges a junior Indian army officer was killed late last week when Pakistan’s military shelled Indian positions across the Line of Control.

India and Pakistan exchange threats in Kashmir border dispute

By Sampath Perera, 15 January 2013

Tensions between India and Pakistan remain acute, with the two countries accusing each other of initiating the intermittent border clashes.

India and Pakistan clash again in disputed Kashmir area

By K. Ratnayake, 10 January 2013

Clashes in Kashmir between the militaries of Pakistan and India underscore the highly volatile situation in the region.

India and Pakistan involved in fatal border clash

By Keith Jones, 7 January 2013

India and Pakistan are trading accusations after a bloody clash over the Line of Control in disputed Kashmir early yesterday morning.

Amid rising tensions, Pakistan moves troops to Indian border

By K. Ratnayake, 29 December 2008

Tensions between India and Pakistan intensified last Friday after the Pakistani military began shifting troops from its western border with Afghanistan to bolster positions along the border with India.

Pakistan rounds up suspects in Mumbai attacks

By K. Ratnayake, 11 December 2008

Under intense pressure from the US and India, the Pakistani government has initiated a crackdown on Islamist groups allegedly involved in the terrorist attacks on Mumbai.

Tense India-Pakistan standoff continues

By Peter Symonds, 8 December 2008

The Bush administration is exerting intense pressure on Pakistan to take action against Islamist groups allegedly responsible for last month’s terrorist attacks on Mumbai. Rather than easing tensions between Pakistan and India, Washington’s backing for New Delhi threatens to further destabilise Pakistan and trigger an escalating confrontation between the regional rivals.

US backing for India fuels tensions with Pakistan

By K. Ratnayake and Peter Symonds, 5 December 2008

Far from damping down tensions between India and Pakistan, the visit by US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice to the two countries in the wake of the Mumbai terrorist attacks has only added more fuel to the fire.

After the Mumbai siege, India-Pakistan tensions rise

By Peter Symonds, 2 December 2008

The political fallout from last week’s terrorist siege of Mumbai is beginning to emerge in India and neighbouring Pakistan with tensions between the two nuclear-armed rivals on the rise.

Terrorist siege of Mumbai ends after 59 hours

By Peter Symonds, 29 November 2008

At least 160 civilians have been killed and over 320 injured since heavily-armed gunmen began their rampage through India’s financial centre on Wednesday evening. Whoever was responsible, this slaughter of innocent civilians can only provide grist for reaction in India and around the world under the guise of the bogus “war on terrorism”.

Terrorist atrocity in Mumbai

By Keith Jones, 28 November 2008

Whoever were the authors of this week’s terrorist attack in Mumbai, it was a vile act that will only serve reaction in India and internationally.

India and Pakistan vie for US's favor

By Keith Jones, 1 October 1999

India and Pakistan took their rivalry for the favor of the United States to Washington's Capitol Hill this week, marshaling the support of congressmen for their respective diplomatic positions. One Indian newspaper termed the maneuvering "a letter war" and "Kargil II," a reference to the recent Pakistani-organized military incursion into Indian-held Kashmir.

India shoots down Pakistani plane

New crisis in Indo-Pakistani relations

By Deepal Jayasekera, 13 August 1999

Tensions between India and Pakistan have intensified dramatically since the Indian Air Force shot down an unarmed Pakistani naval surveillance aircraft Tuesday. The entire crew of 16—6 Pakistani navy officers and 10 sailors—died when their rapidly disintegrating plane crashed in southern Pakistan.

In wake of Kashmir retreat

Pakistani opposition presses for Sharif's resignation

By K. Ratnayake, 7 August 1999

Almost a month after the Pakistani government ordered an end to the military incursion into the Kargil-Das-Batalik region of Indian-held Kashmir, India and Pakistan continue to routinely exchange artillery fire across the Line of Control (LoC) and Indian and Pakistani political leaders are accusing each other of not wanting peace and accommodation.

Pakistan regime in crisis over climbdown in Kashmir

By Keith Jones, 16 July 1999

The Pakistani government pullback of its troops and allied Kashmiri secessionist and Taliban fighters from the Kargil-Dass-Batalik region of Indian-held Kashmir is causing outrage, gloom and soul-searching among Pakistan's political elite. “The people of Pakistan are not asking,” declared an editorial in the English-language daily Dawn, “why Kashmir has not been liberated. All they are saying is that if this had to be the consequence of this adventure, what was the need to start it in the first place?”

US scheme to end fighting in Kashmir in doubt

By Keith Jones, 10 July 1999

Five days after the US government claimed it had prevailed on Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif to withdraw the Pakistani-organized force that has penetrated Indian held-Kashmir, it remains unclear if the Pakistani pledge to restore the existing Line of Control (LoC) will be fulfilled.

Failure of US diplomatic mission brings ...

India and Pakistan closer to all-out war

By Keith Jones, 28 June 1999

India and Pakistan have moved closed to all-out war, following the apparent failure of a US effort to broker an end to fighting between Indian troops and Pakistani-backed forces in the Kargil-Dass-Batalik region of Indian-held Kashmir.

Widespread repression in Bangladesh countryside

By K. Ratnayake, 24 June 1999

The government of Prime Minister Shiek Hasina Wajed in Bangladesh has unleashed a massive military-police crackdown against guerrilla groups and the rural poor. Repression on this scale has not taken place since the end of military rule in 1990.

India and Pakistan prepare for a wider war

By Keith Jones, 17 June 1999

Tensions between India and Pakistan have escalated sharply, with both countries mobilizing troops along their common border outside of the disputed Kashmir region and political and military leaders openly talking of a fourth Indo-Pakistani war.

Kashmir crisis at the boil

Amid preparations for a new military offensive, India puts off talks with Pakistan

By Keith Jones, 7 June 1999

Over the weekend India rejected a Pakistani proposal that its Foreign Minister Sartaj Aziz visit New Delhi today, June 7, to discuss the current Kashmir crisis. It also began barring all civilians, including journalists, from using the northern Kargil highway—the key artery in the mountainous region where Indian troops and a Pakistani-backed Kashmiri secessionist force have been engaged in heavy fighting since early May.

Pakistan: new attacks on democratic rights by Sharif's regime

By K. Ratnayake, 31 May 1999

The Nawaz Sharif government of Pakistan is continuing its attacks on the democratic rights of the masses.

Fighting escalates in Kashmir

A dangerous confrontation between India and Pakistan

By Keith Jones and Peter Symonds, 28 May 1999

A major escalation of the conflict between Pakistan and India is looming following the use of fighter aircraft by the Indian Air Force over the last two days to strafe groups of anti-Indian insurgents entrenched in the inhospitable mountain region of Kargil-Batalik-Drass in the disputed areas of Kashmir.

Congress Party power bid fails

India to hold mid-term elections

By Arun Kumar, 3 May 1999

Indian President K. Narayanan dissolved India's parliament last week, setting the stage for a mid-term election. Dissolution of the 12th Lok Sabha came just one day after the Congress party announced it could not muster sufficient parliamentary support to form an alternative government to the defeated Bharatiya Janata Party-led coalition.

BJP-led coalition falls

Congress party launches bid to form India’s new government

By Keith Jones, 19 April 1999

India has been plunged into a new round of political intrigue and horse-trading following Saturday’s resignation of the 13-month-old Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)-led coalition government.

Defection from India's ruling coalition threatens BJP-led government

By Arun Kumar, 10 April 1999

The Tamilnad-based AIADMK, the second largest party in India's ruling coalition, has withdrawn its support for the government of Prime Minister Atal Vajpayee. With India's parliament set to resume sitting April 15, India's Bharatiya Janata Party led-coalition is now at risk of being voted out of office before the end of next week.

Bangladesh government spends on investors rather than hospitals and schools

By Liz Mantell, 3 April 1999

Despite the poverty, instability and hardship facing millions in Bangladesh, intensified in the aftermath of last year's floods, the government is pouring money into financial incentives and subsidies to entice foreign investors and extend the country's Export Processing Zones.

Textile workers in India rebel against pay cut

By a correspondent, 1 April 1999

Production at the Well-Knit garment factory, one of the largest employers in the Madras Export Zone (MEPZ), has been paralysed since early last week by a strike/lockout. More than a thousand Well-Knit workers walked off the job March 23 to support a three-week-old strike by 300 workers in the factory's knitting section. The following day, Hong Kong-based Well-Knit locked out the entire workforce.

Indian budget lauded by big business

By Deepal Jayasekera, 26 March 1999

Indian big business has for the most part enthusiastically welcomed last month's budget, the second to be presented by the shaky, Bharatiya Janata Party-led coalition government. "I would rate this budget at 9, on a scale of 1 to 10," declared the chairman of Bajaj Auto, a major car and motorcycle manufacturer. "Overall it is a good budget," said Tarun Das, secretary general of the Confederation of Indian Industry. The head of India's largest private steel maker, Jamshed Irani, praised Finance Minister Yashwant Sinha for trying "to give something for everybody under very difficult conditions."