By Marc Wells, 20 December 2010
Protests against education “reform” and Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi’s government last Tuesday in Rome were met with brutal force by Italian police and paramilitary units.
By Peter Schwarz, 15 December 2010
The passing of a confidence vote in Italy will not resolve the political crisis. With a limited and precarious majority, the government will be barely able to act.
By Marc Wells, 8 December 2010
Students have organized mass protests throughout Italy in the last two weeks. On the heels of a government crisis, a turn to the working class becomes a crucial question for the student movement.
By Marc Wells, 2 December 2010
As the crisis of the Berulsconi government in Italy deepens, sections of the establishment are increasingly looking to pseudo-left figures such as Nichi Vendola to shore up their political rule.
By Marc Wells, 25 November 2010
Demonstrations by Italian students against the attack on public education came the same day as further mass demonstrations of students in Britain.
By Marc Wells, 12 November 2010
Revelations of Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi’s involvement in another prostitution and corruption signal a new stage of the political crisis engulfing Italy.
By Marianne Arens and Peter Schwarz, 10 November 2010
If Fiat CEO Sergio Marchionne has his way, wages at the Italian auto manufacturer will be equivalent to those in Poland with working conditions resembling those during the Great Depression.
By Marianne Arens, 18 August 2010
The leaders of the Italian Democratic Party and Refounded Communism have sworn their support for the post-fascist Gianfranco Fini in his dispute with the head of the Italian government, Silvio Berlusconi.
By Marianne Arens, 30 July 2010
The current corruption scandals in Italy far exceed those involved in the so-called Tangentopoli swamp of 1991, and a succession of ministers and state secretaries has already resigned.
By our correspondents, 17 June 2010
Thousands protested last Saturday in Rome against the recent austerity plans announced by the Italian government.
By Marianne Arens, 7 June 2010
The right-wing government of Silvio Berlusconi has agreed to an austerity programme, which will be presented to the EU on June 7 in Brussels, preparing almost €25 billion in cuts by 2012.
By Alex Lantier, 12 April 2010
France and Italy signed strategic energy and military deals at the April 9 summit, amid rising uncertainty about financial stability and strategic rivalries in Europe.
By Ulrich Rippert, 1 April 2010
Italian regional elections held on Sunday and Monday resulted in unexpected gains for the centre-right alliance led by Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi.
By Marianne Arens, 4 March 2010
Several tens of thousands of immigrants in 60 Italian cities engaged in strikes and demonstrations March 1 to protest against the racist policies of the Berlusconi government, and for equal rights for all.
By Marianne Arens and Stefan Steinberg, 12 January 2010
Italian police responded to a protest of African workers in Calabria with the arrest of 1,300 immigrants and their transfer to detention centers
By Stefan Steinberg, 6 November 2009
In a landmark decision with global political repercussions, an Italian court has convicted in absentia 23 US agents for their role in the 2003 CIA kidnapping and "rendition" of an Italian citizen, Abu Omar.
By Marianne Arens, 19 October 2009
A power struggle has developed within the Italian bourgeoisie in the past few weeks and calls for Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi’s resignation are becoming increasingly louder.
The case of Cap Anamur president Elias Bierdel and his crew
By Stefan Steinberg, 9 October 2009
The scandalous treatment of Bierdel and his crew is a direct result of the criminal immigration policy adopted by the EU aimed at turning Europe into a fortress.
By Marianne Arens, 27 August 2009
The Italian government of Silvio Berlusconi has led a contemptible months-long campaign against African refugees and is quite prepared to accept the deadly consequences of its policy.
By Marianne Arens, 8 July 2009
Only days before the G8 summit opens, a new security law directed primarily against illegal immigrants comes into force in Italy.
By Marianne Arens, 7 July 2009
Negligence and inadequate safety precautions are alleged to be factors in the recent train tragedy in Italy.
By Marianne Arens, 21 May 2009
Fiat workers from all over Italy demonstrated last Saturday at the Fiat company headquarters in Lingotto. At the head of the march were the workforces of two Fiat factories facing closure.
By Marianne Arens, 14 April 2009
Following last week’s earthquake in Abruzzo, grief and shock have given way to growing anger as it has become clear that much of the destruction could have been avoided.
By Stefan Steinberg, 8 April 2009
The death toll from a powerful earthquake in central Italy has risen above 200, amid revelations of suppressed warnings and lax building standards.
By Marianne Arens, 8 April 2009
The new People of Freedom Party, with Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi as “Il presidente,” is rooted in deeply anti-democratic tendencies.
By Marianne Arens, 27 February 2009
The Italian government has passed a decree permitting vigilante squads to patrol Italian cities, legalising the activities of the groups of racist and fascist thugs who have intensified their attacks on immigrants in recent weeks and months.
The exploitation of a personal tragedy and its political implications
By Marc Wells, 19 February 2009
In 1992, 20-year-old Eluana Englaro was involved in a serious car accident that left her in a permanent vegetative state. A lengthy legal struggle led by the woman’s father resulted in a decision by the Milan Court of Appeal in July 2008 sanctioning the withdrawal of the feeding tube.
By Marianne Arens, 29 January 2009
Residents of the island of Lampedusa are opposing the chauvinist campaign of the Italian Berlusconi government to scapegoat refugees.
By Marianne Arens, 24 November 2008
The second trial dealing with the outbreaks of severe police violence at the G8 summit of 2001 has ended, once again with acquittals and mild judgements for those involved.
By our reporter, 21 November 2008
Students in Italy continued their protest against government cuts in higher education, with up to 500,000 demonstrating in Rome on November 14.
By Robert Stevens, 12 November 2008
Students, teachers and lecturers in Italy are continuing to protest the attacks on the right to education and 130,000 sackings being proposed by the government of Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi.
By Peter Schwarz, 31 October 2008
Thousands participated in protests across Italy on Thursday against cuts in education initiated by the Berlusconi government.
By Harvey Thompson, 24 October 2008
A general strike in Italy last Friday protested low wages and attacks on the working population by the Berlusconi government.
By Marianne Arens, 16 September 2008
Within months of returning to power, the right-wing Italian government is becoming increasingly explicit in its political pronouncements. Prominent members of the ruling coalition led by Silvio Berlusconi have recently launched a concerted campaign for the rehabilitation of fascism.
By Marianne Arens, 19 August 2008
Although it is all but impossible to live in Europe on a monthly income of 500 euros, currently 13 percent of the Italian population—7.5 million people—are forced to survive on this sum. In Italian cities, poverty amongst pensioners is growing rapidly and, according to the child welfare organization UNICEF, the level of child poverty in Italy is the highest in Europe.
By Marianne Arens, 6 August 2008
On July 25, the Italian government headed by Silvio Berlusconi proclaimed a national state of emergency due to the continuing inflow of refugees by boat from across the Mediterranean Sea. This means that the state of emergency already imposed on Italy’s three southernmost provinces—Sicily, Apulia and Calabria—will be expanded to encompass the entire country.
By Marianne Arens, 25 July 2008
Last week the judgement was handed down in Genoa in the Bolzaneto trial. The trial is one of four examining the orgy of brutality employed by Italian security forces during the G8 summit held in Genoa in 2001. The Bolzaneto judgement amounts to a virtual acquittal for the state, although the trial made clear that the Italian police had viciously abused and tortured G8 protesters seven years ago.
By Elisabeth Zimmermann, 17 July 2008
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By Marianne Arens, 5 July 2008
Silvio Berlusconi has now governed Italy for two months. The multi-billionaire media magnate enjoys a clear parliamentary majority following the humiliating election defeat of all those organisations which emerged from the former Italian Communist Party—in particular Communist Refoundation (Rifondazione Comunista).
By Stefan Steinberg, 23 May 2008
On Wednesday, May 21, at an extraordinary sitting in the city of Naples the recently nominated cabinet of Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi passed harsh new laws directed against immigrants. The new decrees follow several weeks of state organised raids and violence directed against Italy’s immigrant community.
By Marianne Arens, 16 May 2008
Nicolo Tommasoli was buried in the city of Verona last Saturday. The 29-year-old had been beaten to death on May 1 by neo-Nazis. A silent crowd of over 300 mourners escorted his coffin to the grave. In accordance with the wishes of his parents and fiancée, politicians and the press were excluded from Tommasoli’s funeral service.
By Marianne Arens, 3 May 2008
Two weeks after the victory of Silvio Berlusconi in the Italian parliamentary elections, the city of Rome, which for decades has been governed by centre-left parties, has fallen into the hands of the right wing. On April 28, Gianni Alemanno, a long-time member of the fascist movement with close links to prominent right-wing extremists, was elected mayor of the Italian capital.
The price of opportunism
By Peter Schwarz, 25 April 2008
The debacle of the Rainbow Left in the recent Italian parliamentary elections will go down in political textbooks as a prime example of the price of opportunism. The Rainbow electoral alliance consisting of four separate parties lost three quarters of its electoral support within the space of just two years.
By Peter Schwarz, 16 April 2008
Just two years after being voted out of office, the media magnate Silvio Berlusconi will become head of the Italian government for a third time. His right-wing alliance “People of Freedom” (PdL—Popolo della Libertà) obtained a clear majority in both chambers of parliament in the elections held on Sunday and Monday.
By Peter Schwarz, 12 April 2008
According to the latest opinion polls, Silvio Berlusconi is likely to be elected as Italy’s prime minister for the third time in parliamentary elections set for this Sunday and Monday. The two chambers of parliament were dissolved after the centre-left government led by Romano Prodi lost its majority after only 20 months in office.
By Marianne Arens and Peter Schwarz, 17 March 2008
One month before Italy goes to the polls on April 13 and 14, the election campaign is in full swing. Despite the usual demagogy, it is evident that all of the established political parties have moved closer together and shifted further to the right. There is literally nobody who articulates the concerns and needs of working people, let alone provides a serious answer to them.
By Peter Schwarz, 12 February 2008
President Giorgio Napolitano dissolved the two chambers of the Italian legislature, the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies, February 6 after efforts to form an interim government had failed. New elections have been set for April 13 and 14.
Romano Prodi resigns
By Marianne Arens, 28 January 2008
On January 24, Italian Prime Minister Romano Prodi resigned following a vote of no confidence against his government in the Senate. This means an end to his centre-left government, which included in its ranks parties ranging from the Christian Democrats to the Communist Refoundation (Rifondazione Comunista).
By Bill Van Auken, 15 January 2008
An Italian judge has issued orders for the preventive arrest pending deportation of at least 140 former officials of military dictatorships that ruled seven Latin American countries between the 1960s and 1980s. They are charged with responsibility for the deaths of 25 Italian citizens, who were among the tens of thousands of opponents of these regimes murdered, tortured and illegally imprisoned under a US-backed campaign of repression known as Operation Condor.
By Marc Wells, 10 October 2007
The 2008 budget approved by the Prodi government at the end of September is a massive and cynical attack against the living standards of millions of Italian workers who are progressively losing decades of social gains while a small corporate oligarchy is accumulating extraordinary profits.
Prodi completes what Berlusconi began
By Marianne Arens, 13 August 2007
After overnight negotiations, Italian Prime Minister Romano Prodi won the agreement on July 20, of Italy’s biggest trade unions for his latest so-called pension “reform.” The Prodi reform is an important step toward abolishing the relatively generous Italian system of pensions first introduced in the 1960s.
By Marianne Arens, 30 June 2007
On June 18, a Milan court decided to defer to October the trial of those charged with abducting the Egyptian expatriate Imam Osama Hassan Nasr, also known as Abu Omar. Judge Oscar Magi agreed to the motion of the defence lawyer representing the main Italian defendant, the former chief of Italian Military Intelligence (SISMI), Nicolò Pollari.
By Marianne Arens and Peter Schwarz, 12 May 2007
The long march of Italy’s Communist Party to the right is unending.
By Marianne Arens, 12 April 2007
Four years ago, Fausto Bertinotti was a celebrated speaker on demonstrations opposing the Iraq war. Today, wherever he appears, he is regularly the butt of jeers and booing by opponents of the war. This was the case on March 26 at the University of Rome, when the speaker of the chamber of deputies and former head of Communist Refoundation (RC—Rifondazione Comunista) spoke at the humanities faculty of La Sapienza on the topic “Favelas and poverty in the third world.”
Rifondazione Comunista boycotts protest
By a WSWS reporting team, 20 March 2007
An estimated 30,000 people marched through the centre of Rome March 17 to protest against the Iraq war and the policies of Italy’s government. On the fourth anniversary of the US invasion of Iraq, demonstrations also took place in Madrid, Prague, Copenhagen, Athens, Istanbul and other European cities.
By Peter Schwarz, 2 March 2007
Romano Prodi will continue to lead the Italian government. On Wednesday he won a confidence vote by 162 to 157 in the Senate, where his nine-party coalition has a razor-thin majority. A total of 160 votes was necessary for victory.
By Dietmar Henning and Marianne Arens, 26 February 2007
Italian Prime Minister Romano Prodi is preparing to resume his duties as head of government following his sudden resignation last week. On Saturday, Italian President Giorgio Napolitano rejected Prodi’s resignation and asked him to organise votes of confidence this week in both chambers of parliament. Should he obtain a majority, he is to continue to govern as head of his center-left coalition.
By Stefan Steinberg and Barry Grey, 23 February 2007
Italian Prime Minister Romano Prodi tendered his resignation Wednesday night after losing a Senate vote on his center-left coalition government’s foreign policy. The collapse of the nine-month-old Unione government came amidst growing popular opposition to its right-wing policies, both domestic and foreign.
By Marianne Arens, 22 February 2007
On February 17, some 100,000 protesters marched in the north Italian city of Vicenza against the planned expansion of the US Ederle military base. The six-kilometre-long march was also directed against the US war in Iraq and the foreign policy of the centre-left Italian government of Prime Minister Romano Prodi.
By Richard Tyler, 19 February 2007
The US policy of “extraordinary renditions”—the illegal kidnap and transportation of supposed terror suspects to secret detention sites where they are then tortured—was the subject of both an Italian legal investigation and a critical report by the European Parliament last week.
By Marianne Arens, 29 January 2007
Four years ago, Muslim cleric Abu Omar was kidnapped in Italy by US intelligence agents and transferred to an Egyptian torture prison. A hearing is currently taking place in Milan over the possible trial of those responsible for Abu Omar’s rendition. Public prosecutor Armando Spataro is seeking to bring charges against the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and the Italian military secret service SISMI (Servizio per le Informazioni e la Sicurezza Militare).
By Marianne Arens, 12 December 2006
Eight months after losing the April parliamentary elections the Italian right are continuing to contest their defeat.
By Marianne Arens and Peter Schwarz, 10 November 2006
The Muslim cleric Hassan Mustafa Osama Nasr, better known as Abu Omar, was kidnapped in Milan in February 2003 in broad daylight and rendered by the CIA to Egypt, where he was tortured and where he remains imprisoned.
From anti-war to a party of war
By Marianne Arens, 28 October 2006
Rifondazione Comunista, the Italian “Party of Communist Refoundation,” is exerting all of its influence to facilitate an Italian military intervention in Lebanon. The national secretariat of the party, which has been part of the centre-left government led by Romano Prodi since April 2006, has welcomed the Italian mission in Lebanon. On October 17, party deputies voted in the Senate in favour of the bill to dispatch Italian troops.
By Marianne Arens, 7 October 2006
On September 30, the Italian centre-left government led by Romano Prodi submitted its budget for 2007, which envisages total savings for the coming year of 33.4 billion euros. The aim of the budget is to cut Italy’s soaring deficit and come into line with criteria laid down in the European Union stability package, which sets the upper limit for budget deficits at 3 percent of gross domestic product.
By Marianne Arens, 16 August 2006
Italian Prime Minister Romano Prodi and his foreign minister, Massimo D’Alema, announced at the weekend that Italy was prepared to send several thousand soldiers as well as ships, helicopters and armoured vehicles to participate in the planned international force in south Lebanon. Participation in this UN mission with its “robust” mandate would constitute the biggest foreign intervention by Italian troops since the Second World War.
Italy’s National Memorial Day of the Exiles and Foibe: the significance of a neo-fascist commemoration
By Marc Wells, 9 March 2006
A “foiba” (plural “foibe”) is a natural sinkhole in the shape of an inverted funnel, up to 200 meters deep, formed by water erosion. These formations are typical of the Kras region, an area east of Venice divided between Italy, Croatia and Slovenia.
By Peter Schwarz, 23 February 2006
President Carlo Azeglio Ciampi officially launched Italy’s national election campaign when he dissolved parliament earlier this month. On April 9 and 10, voters will elect a new parliament and determine the country’s new government.
By Marianne Arens and Marc Wells, 2 December 2005
Silvio Berlusconi’s Constitutional reform, passed by the Italian Senate on November 16, is designed to give the prime minister presidential powers. Only a few weeks before that, Berlusconi, Italy’s richest entrepreneur, had arbitrarily changed the electoral law in order to secure himself an advantage in the upcoming election (See “Italy: Berlusconi changes electoral law to remain in power”).
By Marianne Arens and Peter Schwarz, 4 November 2005
Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi is notorious for the fact that he flouts elementary democratic principles and unscrupulously uses his power to defend his own personal interests.
By Peter Symonds, 5 July 2005
An article in last Sunday’s edition of the Chicago Tribune has raised new questions about the CIA kidnapping of Hassan Mustafa Osama Nasr, also known as Abu Omar, on the streets of Milan on February 17, 2003. Nasr was shipped back to Egypt, where he was held without charge and tortured. His case hit the headlines after an Italian magistrate issued arrest warrants for 13 CIA agents, provoking sharp tensions between Washington and Rome and a new crisis for Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi.
By Peter Schwarz, 29 April 2005
Things must change if we want them to stay as they are, affirms the young Tancredi in Tomasi di Lampedusa’s novel Il Gattopardo (The Leopard). These words came to mind last week as a drama played out in the political theatre of Rome. The players had to make do with the small stage, since the main one was running another piece in the glare of the world’s media—the selection of the new Pope.
By Peter Schwarz, 9 April 2005
It was anticipated that Italy’s ruling right-wing coalition would suffer losses in the Italian regional elections held last weekend (April 3-4), but the result far exceeded expectations. Most commentaries spoke of a “landslide” and “debacle” for Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi. The newspaper Corriere della Sera, which is not at all hostile to the government, declared that Italians had “cut Berlusconi down to size.”
By Marianne Arens and Peter Schwarz, 28 March 2005
The sixth party congress of Rifondazione Comunista (PRC) has finally dispelled the illusion that this party in any way represents a socialist alternative to the bourgeois parties.
By Peter Symonds, 15 March 2005
The right-wing Italian government of Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi was in trouble last week following the March 4 attack by US solders on a car carrying freed hostage Giuliana Sgrena to Baghdad airport. US soldiers opened fire on the vehicle wounding Sgrena, a journalist for the leftist Il Manifesto newspaper, and killing Nicola Calipari, the Italian intelligence agent responsible for negotiating her release.
By Marianne Arens, 29 December 2004
On December 16, Italian President Carlo Ciampi refused to sign Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi’s justice reform bill, thereby blocking its enactment. The “reforms” were passed by the Italian parliament on December 1, on the basis of the votes of the right-wing majority, consisting of Berlusconi’s Forza Italia, the neo-fascist Alleanza Nazionale (National Alliance), the Lega Nord (Northern League) and the UDC (Christian Democrats).
By Martin Kreickenbaum, 9 October 2004
While the European Union is still discussing how to circumvent international law in order to establish camps for refugees in North Africa, the Italian government is creating facts on the ground. In defiance of existing national laws and international agreements, last weekend it summarily deported to Libya up to 1,000 refugees who had reached Italy’s Mediterranean island of Lampedusa. They were expelled from the country without being allowed to apply for asylum.
By Marianne Arens and Peter Schwarz, 26 July 2004
Over the recent period, the right-wing Italian government led by Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi (Forza Italia—Italy Forward) has been plunged into its deepest crisis since taking power three years ago. Observers of Italian politics are increasingly asking whether the government will be able to complete its term in office to 2006, or whether new elections will be called.
By Chris Sverige, 17 April 2004
Although it will be more than a year before those involved in one of the biggest cases of corporate fraud in European history are brought to trial, the impact of the Parmalat scandal can be seen throughout the economic landscape. Food giant Parmalat, Italy’s eighth-largest industrial empire, collapsed late last year amid fraud accusations against top company executives and scandal involving several major players from the world of international finance.
By Richard Phillips, 1 April 2004
Last Friday, two days before the 3rd European Documentary Film Festival in Oslo, Norway, Film Institute (NFI) director Vigdis Lian announced that Citizen Berlusconi, a 56-minute documentary on Italy’s prime minister, would not be shown at the event. Lian made the decision after meeting with Italian embassy officials.
By a correspondent, 22 March 2004
Rome saw the biggest antiwar demonstration worldwide, with over one million demonstrators participating in a march through the centre of the Italian capital. The protest was jointly organised by trade unions, anti-globalisation groups and parties of the official Italian left. Demonstrators came by special buses and trains from all regions of Italy. The march, which had to be started earlier than scheduled, lasted over seven hours.
By Chris Sverige, 11 February 2004
More than six weeks after the biggest corporate scandal of 2003 came to light, investigators are about to issue formal charges against Parmalat’s top managers. The authorities have, however, shown little interest in exposing the role of banks and leading politicians in this disaster. Meanwhile, the government of Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi is scrambling to restore investor confidence amid growing anger among those hurt by the multinational’s collapse.
By Marianne Arens, 23 January 2004
On January 13, the Italian constitutional court revoked a law that had granted Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi immunity from criminal prosecution until the end of his term in office.
By Marianne Arens, 11 December 2003
An estimated 1 million people took part in a national demonstration in Rome last Saturday under the slogan “Defend your Future.” Demonstrators travelled from across the country in 3,000 buses and specially organised trains, and included workers, public employees and pensioners. Also in attendance were large numbers of young people, unemployed, workers in short-term jobs, and leading cultural figures such as dramatist Dario Fo and writer Antonio Tabucchi.
By Marianne Arens, 28 October 2003
On Friday, October 24, an estimated 10 million workers and office employees took part in a general strike with the central aim of protesting the pension policy of the government of Silvio Berlusconi. One-and-a-half million people—including pensioners, students and the unemployed—participated in rallies in the centres of Italy’s main cities. They carried banners with slogans such as “Defend our future” and “Better to die young than live to a ripe old age—if Berlusconi gets his way!”
By Peter Schwarz, 19 September 2003
At the beginning of this month, Italian prime minister Silvio Berlusconi once again hit the headlines with an onslaught against the judiciary. In an interview with the right-wing British magazine the Spectator during his recent holiday in Sardinia, the current chairman of the European Union (EU) council declared: “These judges are mad twice over. First because they are politically that way, and second because they are mad anyway. To do that job you need to be mentally disturbed, anthropologically different from the rest of humanity.”
By Christopher Sverige, 10 September 2003
In the face of antitrust rulings, protests by Italian media organizations and an appeal by the head of state to safeguard pluralism in the media, the government of Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi is set to finalize the “Gasparri Law,” a set of rules championed by neo-fascist minister of communications, Maurizio Gasparri.
By Martin Kreikenbaum, 25 July 2003
Two ships packed with refugees on their way to Italy capsized on June 16 and 20, resulting in the deaths of an estimated 250 people. The response of the Italian government to this tragedy, however, has been to vilify refugees, announce tougher measures to fend off incoming refugees and force states bordering the European Union (EU) to do the same.
By Peter Schwarz, 16 July 2003
Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi’s start of a six-month stint in the presidency of the European Union has produced a wave of disquiet in the European media. There is hardly a leading newspaper that has not dedicated an article or comment to the subject. Der Spiegel came out with a headline “Silvio Berlusconi: The Godfather.” Le Monde headed an article, “Tailor-made justice, control of the media: The dark side of Italy under Berlusconi.” And the Financial Times published a comment under the heading “Why Berlusconi could be bad for Europe.”
By Christopher Sverige, 21 June 2003
If a lesson can be drawn from the recent administrative elections in Italy, it is that opportunism is alive and well in the remnants of the Italian Communist Party (PCI).
By Peter Schwarz, 9 May 2003
Italian head of government Silvio Berlusconi has reacted to the conviction of his long-time lawyer and close confidante Cesare Previti by declaring war on the independence of the Italian judiciary. His offensive against the Italian legal system is unprecedented for a postwar European democracy.
The politics of tactical manoeuvre
By Marianne Arens and Peter Schwarz, 2 May 2003
The Italian Partito della Rifondazione Comunista (PRC) is seen as a role model by many on the European left. The Communist Refoundation Party, as its name correctly translates, was established in 1991 by members of the Italian Communist Party, who rejected its transformation into a left democratic party, the present day Democratic Left (DS). Since then the PRC has absorbed many organisations of the radical left and plays an important role on the left fringe of official Italian politics. Obtaining 8.6 percent of electoral votes in 1996 and 5 percent in 2001, it has representatives in parliament.
After the fall of Baghdad
By Marianne Arens and Francis Dubois, 14 April 2003
Several hundred thousand people—half a million according to the organisers—demonstrated in Rome under the slogan “stop the shooting.” The demonstration was called by “Fermiamo la guerra” (Stop the War), a loose conglomerate of NGOs, political parties, trade unions and church organisations. The march, which was 8 kilometres long, went through the centre of Rome, past the most important government buildings and the American and British embassies.
By Peter Schwarz, 12 December 2002
Over the last week, thousands of workers have undertaken strike action, blockades of workplaces and motorways and held demonstrations to protest against mass redundancies planned by the Italian auto concern Fiat.
By Marianne Arens, 9 December 2002
On the morning of December 3, the district court of Catanzaro (Calabria, southern Italy) ordered, on the basis of a review of remand conditions, the immediate release of 18 opponents of globalisation who had been arrested on November 15. Seven of them, including several members of the alternative COBAS trade unions, had been imprisoned in Viterbo, Latina and Trani for more than two weeks; the others had been under house arrest. They have been accused of “subversive activities” and “obstruction of the economic order”. The charges remain in force even though the arrest warrants have been lifted.
Charged under Mussolini-era subversion laws
By Stefan Steinberg, 21 November 2002
Less than a week after one of the biggest anti-war demonstrations in Europe since the end of World War II, the Italian judiciary and police have conducted a large-scale operation against anti-globalisation protesters.
By our own correspondent, 12 November 2002
In one of the largest peace demonstrations ever held in post-war Europe, more than 500,000 people marched in Florence, Italy November 9 to protest US plans for war against Iraq. Demonstrators came from many European countries, as well as from North America and other parts of the world.
Fiat to sack 25 percent of workforce
By Peter Schwarz, 26 October 2002
Millions of workers in Italy have taken to the streets in recent days to protest against job cuts. According to the trade unions, a total of 13 million workers took part in an 8-hour nationwide general strike on October 15. Most of Italy’s public transport came to a standstill and over a million joined demonstrations held in a total of 120 cities. The biggest protests occurred in the northern city of Turin, home of the Italian auto industry.
By Peter Schwarz, 10 October 2002
In July of 2001, film clips of violent unrest on the fringes of the G-8 summit in Genoa, Italy were flashed all around the world. The port city witnessed violent conflicts between demonstrators and the Italian security forces. One demonstrator was killed, 600 injured, some seriously, and hundreds were arrested and held for several days.
By Chris Marsden, 19 September 2002
An estimated 200,000 protesters gathered in the square in front of Rome’s San Giovanni basilica on September 16 to oppose legal reforms planned by the right-wing government of Silvio Berlusconi. The legislation is designed to scupper the prime minister’s upcoming corruption trial.