The Balkans

London demonstration against the war in the Balkans

By our own reporter, 11 May 1999

On Saturday May 8, over 5,000 participated in the London demonstration against the war in the Balkans. Coaches from around the country brought protestors to the capital, where they marched from the Embankment to a final rally in Hyde Park.

Balkan war

Embassy protests reflect deeper currents

By Editorial Board, 11 May 1999

Demonstrations continued into a third day outside the US embassy in Beijing and American consulates and offices in other Chinese cities. While the numbers were reduced from Sunday's massive crowds, thousands took part in the protests on the first work day after the US bombing of the Chinese embassy in Belgrade.

How could the bombing of the Chinese embassy have been a mistake?

By Mike Head, 10 May 1999

After two days of varied official accounts, the least credible explanation for Friday night's NATO bombing of the Chinese embassy in Belgrade is that it was a pure accident. On Sunday, a US official in Washington told news agencies that the CIA had simply supplied inaccurate information, wrongly identifying the embassy as a Yugoslav weapons warehouse. It was the fourth version of events produced within several hours.

Lord Skidelsky's criticism of NATO: the driving forces of "ethical imperialism"

By Nick Beams, 10 May 1999

There is a particular significance to the criticisms of the NATO war against Serbia by Lord Robert Skidelsky and his warning that its doctrine of "ethical imperialism" could result in a breakdown of the economic and political order of world capitalism.

Mass demonstrations in China express outrage at NATO bombing

By Peter Symonds, 10 May 1999

Hundreds of thousands of people took part in protests over the weekend in Beijing and cities across China against the NATO bombing of the Chinese embassy in Belgrade on Friday night. At least three people were killed in the bombing attack and another 20 people were injured. Those killed were journalists, including a newly-married couple-- Zhu Ying and her husband Xu Xinghu--who had been dispatching first-hand reports of the bombing's impact on daily life in Belgrade to the Beijing newspaper Guangming Daily.

Socialist principles and the war in the Balkans

May Day meetings in London and Berlin oppose war on Yugoslavia

By our own reporter, 8 May 1999

May Day meetings opposing the US-NATO war in the Balkans were held over the weekend of May 2-3 in London and Berlin. The meetings were sponsored by the European sections of the International Committee of the Fourth International, the Socialist Equality Party of Britain and the Party for Social Equality of Germany.

US escalates terror-bombing of Yugoslav cities

By the Editorial Board, 8 May 1999

Within hours of the announcement of an agreement between the NATO powers and Russia on the outlines of a settlement of the war in the Balkans, US and NATO warplanes carried out their most devastating raids yet in seven weeks of increasingly savage bombardment of Yugoslavia.

Unanswered questions in NATO-Russia agreement

By Martin McLaughlin, 8 May 1999

Officials of the Group of Eight--United States, France, Britain, Germany, Italy, Canada, Japan and Russia--announced Thursday that they had reached agreement on the framework of a settlement of the war in the Balkans, after weeks of diplomatic maneuvers between the NATO powers and Russia. But the agreement leaves a myriad of unanswered questions about the future of Kosovo.

The IMF in Yugoslavia: A question and reply

8 May 1999

Dear Sir,

Playwright Harold Pinter presents a powerful case in opposition to NATO bombardment of Serbia

By Ann Talbot, 7 May 1999

Playwright Harold Pinter, an outspoken opponent of NATO's war against Serbia, presented a coherent and well-argued case opposing the military action on BBC 2 television last Tuesday evening. Using news footage and interviews specially recorded for the programme, Pinter showed how the media are being manipulated, and that the humanitarian justification for the war is false.

Former SPD chairman's May Day speech creates problems for German government

Lafontaine calls for a stop to the bombing of Yugoslavia

By Peter Schwarz, 7 May 1999

The traditional demonstrations organised by the trade unions on the first of May have made clear that the German governing coalition of the Social Democratic Party (SPD) and the Greens is being increasingly torn apart by the continuing war against Yugoslavia.

A Conservative Lord warns of global turmoil

By Nick Beams, 7 May 1999

The world could see a return to the same economic, political and military turmoil that characterised the first 50 years of this century, if the new doctrine unveiled by NATO in the war against Serbia is extended.

Scenes of death and destruction

Victims of tornadoes or victims of bombing?

By Jerry White, 6 May 1999

The devastation wrought by the three tornadoes that hit in Oklahoma and Kansas late Monday has been widely detailed by the US news media. Survivors emerged from their basements to survey scenes of death and destruction: flattened homes, schools and buildings, neighborhoods strewn with twisted metal and trees.

Clinton, NATO generals discuss expansion of Yugoslavia war

By Martin McLaughlin, 6 May 1999

US President Bill Clinton flew to Belgium Wednesday for talks with top NATO officials, including General Wesley Clark, the commander of the air war against Yugoslavia, amid press reports that the US and NATO are planning intervention with ground troops in Kosovo no later than July.

Wall Street celebrates stepped-up bombing of Serbia

By Martin McLaughlin, 5 May 1999

The Clinton administration's rejection of a negotiated settlement in Yugoslavia and its intensification of the bombardment of Belgrade and other Serbian cities was followed within a few hours by a 225-point surge on the New York Stock Exchange, with the Dow Jones Industrial Average reaching the 11,000 mark for the first time in its history.

The fraud of NATO humanitarianism

What are the reasons for the war in Yugoslavia?

By Peter Schwarz, 5 May 1999

A new edition of the German magazine Gleichheit (Equality), magazine of the Partei fur Soziale Gleichheit (Party for Social Equality), German section of the International Committee of the Fourth International, was published on May 1. It contains the most important articles to have appeared recently on the World Socialist Web Site. The following, is the editorial from the new issue.

Australian government makes Kosovar refugees as unwelcome as possible

By Mike Head, 4 May 1999

After a request from the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, the Australian government has this week re-activated a scheme to airlift 4,000 Kosovar refugees to Australia and consign them to military barracks around the country. The displaced victims of NATO's war will be granted temporary entry visas for three months only, and will have no legal right to apply for permanent asylum.

US rejects talks, intensifies bombing

No joy in Washington over Yugoslavia prisoner release

By Martin McLaughlin, 3 May 1999

The Clinton administration has responded to Sunday's release of three American soldiers, held as prisoners of war in Yugoslavia for more than five weeks, with scarcely disguised anger and resentment.

Greece: Antiwar protests intensify

By Mike Ingram, 3 May 1999

Protests against the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia are sweeping Greece almost daily. They reached a new height April 29 when some 200 British trucks carrying containers, and military vehicles were pelted with fruit and vegetables after demonstrators moved NATO road signs to redirect the convoy into an outdoor market in Thessaloniki.

US, NATO escalate bombs and propaganda

By Martin McLaughlin, 1 May 1999

American and NATO warplanes carried out the most intense bomb and missile attacks so far against Yugoslavia on the night of April 29-30, with more than 600 sorties striking targets throughout Serbia, and, for the first time, in the neighboring republic of Montenegro.

Yugoslavia war intensifies political tensions in Spain

By Vicky Short, 1 May 1999

The right-wing Spanish government has enthusiastically joined in the present NATO bombing of Yugoslavia.

From “peacekeeper” to war hawk—Canada and NATO's war on Serbia

By Keith Jones, 30 April 1999

With few dissenting voices, Canada's political elite and opinion makers have applauded NATO's bombing campaign against Yugoslavia. Indeed, Canada has been among the most bellicose of the 19 NATO states. Before the war was a fortnight old, Liberal Defence Minister Art Eggleton was suggesting NATO should consider a ground troop invasion of Kosovo.

The German Green Party at war

By Ulrich Rippert, 30 April 1999

The repulsive spectacle presented by the German Green Party over the past weeks as a party of war and government defies description. When and where has there been a party which so fundamentally betrayed its principles in such a short period of time? Is there any parallel to be found to the complete irresponsibility with which the Greens have used their position as part of the ruling SPD-Green coalition? Every fundamental party standpoint has been cast to the winds, and one reads the present assertions by many leading Green politicians in government that they completely exclude any support for the intervention of ground troops in Kosovo as the anticipation of their imminent agreement to take precisely such a step.

The strange case of two Australian aid workers detained in Yugoslavia

By Mike Head, 29 April 1999

When Yugoslav authorities detained two Australian aid workers at the Croatian border on March 31, on suspicion of spying to aid the NATO bombing blitz, the affair rapidly became the subject of furious denunciations by the media and politicians in Australia, accompanied by frenzied diplomatic activity to secure their release.

A small breach in US press censorship

By a reporter, 29 April 1999

An item which appeared in the Washington Post Wednesday marks the first report in a major American newspaper of the clause in the Rambouillet Accords on Kosovo which effectively authorized a NATO occupation of Serbia. The German press has carried several reports this month on the previously undisclosed Appendix B of the accord, but the American media has maintained a wall of silence.

Blair outlines his vision of the new military world order

By Chris Marsden, 29 April 1999

On the occasion of his visit to America to celebrate the fiftieth anniversary of the NATO alliance, British Prime Minister Tony Blair took time out to espouse his new "Doctrine of the International Community".

American missile kills a dozen children in Serbian town

By Martin McLaughlin, 29 April 1999

An American cruise missile destroyed a large portion of the village of Surdulica Tuesday in southeastern Serbia, about 200 miles from Belgrade, killing at least 20 people, including a dozen children between the ages of 5 and 12. Some 50 homes were completely destroyed and as many as 600 damaged, a staggering toll in an agricultural town with a population of 15,000. The missile struck near the center of the town, leaving a crater 20 to 30 feet across.

War in Kosovo hits home

US to boost military spending, activate reservists

By Shannon Jones, 29 April 1999

The war against Serbia is having its first impact on workers in the United States with the Clinton administration activating reservists while moving to plunder the federal budget surplus, which is supposedly being set aside to shore up the Social Security system, in order to boost Pentagon spending.

After the Washington summit

US, NATO escalate war on Serbia

By Martin McLaughlin, 28 April 1999

Last weekend's NATO summit in Washington has been followed by a major escalation of the war by the United States and the European NATO powers on Yugoslavia, with intensified bombing of economic as well as military targets throughout Serbia and the deployment of more warplanes, troops and ships to the Balkan region.

Death in Belgrade: an eyewitness report

28 April 1999

I was a medical student at Belgrade University before NATO annihilated this city with their bombs. All of that has changed now. Now I do what I can to help with what little experience I have to offer. Everywhere you go--businesses, homes, factories, and all of our beautiful bridges have been demolished in a matter of weeks with US missiles. I think about the labor and years it took to rebuild a single bridge after WWII. But that damage is still repairable. What is not repairable, what cannot be restored are the people who were killed and injured at Serbian TV. I worked in the hospital the night the injured and the dead were carried in, one by one, from NATO's deliberate and heinous attack against these defenseless workers.

Review of US media reveals:

Glaring contradictions in propaganda for NATO war against Yugoslavia

By Barry Grey, 26 April 1999

The official statements from the NATO summit in Washington reiterated the two main premises put forward to justify the war against Yugoslavia. First, that the only motivation for the bombing is the humanitarian determination of the West to end "ethnic cleansing." Second, that the crisis in Kosovo has one and only one source--the genocidal policies of Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic.

The record of the Kosovo Liberation Army: ethnic politics in alliance with imperialism

By Linda Tenenbaum and Peter Symonds, 24 April 1999

Despite its key role in the Balkans war, little has been made known to the general public about the political objectives of the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) or Ushtria Clirimtare e Kosoves (UCK). Calls are nevertheless being made by the US Congress and the Albanian government for NATO to openly arm, train and finance this organisation, in order to expand its military operations in Kosovo.

NATO fiftieth anniversary: Tensions increase between Europe and America

By Peter Schwarz, 24 April 1999

The fiftieth anniversary celebration of NATO taking place in Washington this weekend was originally intended as a pompous exercise involving military parades, fireworks and show business personalities. The West was to celebrate victory in the Cold War--embodied in the acceptance as new NATO members of the east European states of Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic--and to decide at the same time upon a new strategy which would award NATO the role of a high-handed world policeman.

The Munich Agreement and the US-NATO war against Yugoslavia: The real lessons of appeasement in the 1930s

By Julie Hyland, 23 April 1999

There has been much talk during the last weeks of the failed policy of "appeasement" with Nazi Germany prior to World War Two. British Prime Minister Blair claimed his "generation of '68" had learnt the lessons of the 1930s--hence their willingness to take military action against Serbia. Earlier this week Clare Short, Labour's International Development Secretary, denounced MPs in her own party who oppose the NATO bombardment as "equivalent to the people who appeased Hitler".

Pinochet's protector, Margaret Thatcher, declares for war against "evil" Milosevic

By Chris Marsden, 23 April 1999

On Tuesday evening, at London's exclusive Hilton Hotel, former Conservative Prime Minister Margaret (now Baroness) Thatcher gave her first public endorsement of NATO's war against Serbia. Speaking at a gathering to mark the twentieth anniversary of her first assuming office, she described the bombing campaign as being "eight years too late".

May Day meetings in London and Berlin

Socialist principles and the war in the Balkans

Stop the bombing of Yugoslavia--Withdraw all NATO forces

23 April 1999

As we approach the end of the twentieth century, the international working class confronts a catastrophe of epic proportions. For the third time this century the Balkans have become a focus for military barbarism.

The fate of democratic rights in the event of war: a reply to readers

By Martin McLaughlin, 22 April 1999

The following letter by World Socialist Web Siteeditorial board member Martin McLaughlin was written in reply to letters received by the WSWS in response to his April 15 article. The full texts of these letters are linked to his reply.

Letters to the WSWS re: the April 15 article "What would be the consequences of a US declaration of war on Yugoslavia?"

22 April 1999

While I appreciated the history lesson, I believe you are wrong to compare anything in the Yugoslavia situation to WWII. This was a real threat to OUR invasion. Japan bombed [the] US. I say it's safe to say that the Serbs won't be landing on our shores anytime soon. Will there be consequences for any act of war? Absolutely. The idea that this will cause the kind of civil rights violations that you propose is ridiculous. To call a war with Yugoslavia a "major war" would be a gross overstatement.

Amidst the media propaganda

Key facts in press accounts refute official rationale for Balkan war

By Martin McLaughlin, 22 April 1999

The two most influential daily newspapers in the United States, the New York Times and the Washington Post, each published lengthy articles last Sunday giving an inside account of how the Clinton administration reached its decision to shift policy in the Balkans and move toward a military confrontation with Yugoslavia.

British cabinet minister accuses Labour MPs opposed to NATO bombing of "appeasing" fascism

By Julie Hyland, 22 April 1999

Clare Short, International Development Secretary in the Labour government, has denounced MPs from her own party as "equivalent to the people who appeased Hitler".

The terrible impact of sanctions on Iraq: An interview with journalist Felicity Arbuthnot

By Barbara Slaughter, 21 April 1999

One of the speakers at the London rally last Saturday was Felicity Arbuthnot, a free-lance journalist specialising in social and environmental issues. She was nominated last year for the Lorenzo Natali Award for Human Rights Journalism. She spoke to the WSWS about the situation in Iraq, having been in the country no less than 17 times since the Gulf War ended.

Radio interview with WSWS Editorial Board Chairman David North

The historical, political and economic background to the war in the Balkans

21 April 1999

David North, the WSWS Editorial Board Chairman, was interviewed by Chamba Lane on the Sacramento, California-based radio station KVMR on Thursday, April 15. The following is a transcript of the discussion.

One month of the Balkan War: a balance sheet

By the Editorial Board, 21 April 1999

Also in Serbo-Croatian

London protest against bombing of Serbia and sanctions against Iraq--"I'm disgusted with the Labour government"

By Barbara Slaughter, 21 April 1999

Last Saturday, over 3,000 people marched from Hyde Park to Trafalgar Square to protest against the NATO attack on Yugoslavia. The demonstrators also called for an end to the bombing and economic sanctions against Iraq.

Behind the attacks on veteran journalist John Simpson

British government criticises BBC for its war coverage

By Stuart Nolan and Barbara Slaughter, 20 April 1999

Senior British government officials have denounced John Simpson, the BBC World Affairs Editor, for his supposedly "biased reports" about the impact NATO's bombing is having on Belgrade.

SPD--a party of war

German Social Democrats' special party congress supports bombing of Yugoslavia

By Ulrich Rippert, 20 April 1999

The German Social Democratic Party (SPD) special conference held in Bonn last week vividly illustrated the transformation of a party, which in the past claimed to represent the interests of the socially deprived. Although the conference was overshadowed by the first war since 1945 with German participation, there was no serious criticism, not to speak of opposition, from the ranks of the delegates. As a defender of social and democratic rights, the SPD sighed its last dying breath.

US-NATO bombing of Yugoslavia: critical reports circulate on the Internet

By Chris Marsden, 20 April 1999

A number of reports have appeared on the Internet critical of the campaign by NATO and the media to demonise the Serbs. Below we summarise three of these for the information of our readers. The WSWS is not able to confirm the veracity of all the statements made by their authors, nor do we necessarily endorse their political positions.

Korea: the next Kosovo?

By Philip Cunningham, 17 April 1999

The following article expresses the views of Philip Cunningham, a 1998 Nieman Fellow at Harvard University. In submitting his article Cunningham noted that the "pro-war capitalist advertising vehicle known as the New York Times" declined to publish this commentary.

IMF “shock therapy” and the recolonisation of the Balkans

By Nick Beams, 17 April 1999

Also in Serbo-Croatian

A reply to a liberal supporter of the US-NATO attack on Yugoslavia

Cause and effect in the Balkan War

By David North, 17 April 1999

The following letter by David North, chairman of the editorial board of the World Socialist Web Site, was written in reply to a letter from a reader defending the US-NATO war against Yugoslavia. The full text of the reader's letter is linked to Mr. North's reply.

Letter to the WSWS from MP, a reader

17 April 1999

I would first like to say that I consider myself very liberal on many issues, although in the following paragraphs the opposite may seem true.

What does the bombing of Kosovar refugees say about NATO's "humanitarian" war?

By the Editorial Board, 16 April 1999

US and NATO officials acknowledged Thursday that American war planes had, the previous day, bombed a convoy of ethnic Albanian refugees in southwestern Kosovo. They continued, however, to deny that NATO planes had struck a second convoy of refugees and insisted that the killing of defenseless civilians was a "regrettable" accident.

Fate of Kosovars highlights Europe's attitude to refugees

By Tania Kent, 16 April 1999

The NATO bombing of Serbia and Kosovo has brought images of tremendous suffering and tragedy to millions around the world. Virtually overnight, hundreds of thousands of refugees have fled to neighbouring states that are both incapable and unwilling to accommodate them.

The Kosovo refugee crisis and the Holocaust: How the German government defends its military policy

By Ulrich Rippert, 16 April 1999

Three weeks of permanent air attacks by NATO have been insufficient to bring Serbia to heel. The commanders of the Alliance forces have reacted with intensified air strikes and preparations for the intervention of ground troops. Increasingly it is civilian targets which are being identified and hit in the strikes. The NATO war is rapidly developing into a form of general terror against the Serb population.

As Washington escalates air war

US-NATO jets bomb Kosovan civilians

By the Editorial Board, 15 April 1999

One day after President Clinton told US congressional leaders that the NATO air war was being ratcheted up to the "next level," the implications for the civilian population throughout Yugoslavia were seen in the bombing of two convoys of ethnic Albanians in western Kosovo. Yugoslav sources report 75 killed and 31 wounded.

What would be the consequences of a US declaration of war on Yugoslavia?

By Martin McLaughlin, 15 April 1999

A number of American congressmen and media spokesmen have raised the possibility of a formal declaration of war by the United States on Yugoslavia. The Wall Street Journal called for adoption of a declaration of war by Congress in its lead editorial on Tuesday, April 13.

The US and ethnic cleansing—the case of Croatia

By David North, 15 April 1999

If the first casualty of war is the truth, the second, it would seem, is the capacity for critical thought. Beneath the mind-numbing pressure of unrelenting propaganda--centered on the fate of the Kosovar people--a large number of usually intelligent people are losing their political bearings and supporting the US-NATO bombing of Yugoslavia. "Normally"--i.e., when there is no war in progress--they oppose imperialism and militarism. As a general proposition, they are against the waging of war for markets, profits and other geo-political strategical interests. But this war is different: it is being waged for "human rights," to save lives that are threatened by racially-motivated atrocities being committed by the military forces unleashed by the Yugoslav government. In such a situation, it is argued, one is left with no choice but to accept the necessity of war to stop the barbarism known as "ethnic cleansing."

More letters to WSWS oppose NATO bombing of Yugoslavia

15 April 1999

Dear Editor,

Massive police presence at Sydney anti-NATO rally

By James Conachy, 14 April 1999

Up to 5,000 people, largely from Sydney's Serbian and Greek communities, last Sunday demonstrated their solidarity with the people of Yugoslavia against the US-NATO aggression. In the second large rally held in Sydney since the war began, protestors wore targets on their back, emulating the actions of citizens in Belgrade and other cities. Banners and signs compared NATO's war with the invasion of the Balkans by Nazi Germany in 1941.

How the Balkan war was prepared

Rambouillet Accord foresaw the occupation of all Yugoslavia

By Peter Schwarz, 14 April 1999

Also in Serbo-Croatian

Workers at Serb car plant bombed by NATO make appeal to world public

13 April 1999

The World Socialist Web Site received the following message from workers and management at the Zastava factory in Kragujevac, Serbia (located 55 miles south of Belgrade). The Zastava factory was struck by NATO forces late Thursday and early Friday last week. The workers had formed a human shield around the plant to attempt to prevent such an attack; 124 were injured. The plant was hit by NATO again on Monday.

The NATO bombing of Serbian auto plant

13 April 1999

To the editor:

What will be left of Yugoslavia after the bombing?

By the Editorial Board, 13 April 1999

One of the most grisly atrocities carried out by NATO bombers to date occurred shortly before noon (local time) on Monday, when attack planes fired missiles at a passenger train traversing a bridge at the Serbian location of Grdelicka Klisura, 180 miles south of Belgrade. As of this writing ten corpses have been recovered from the wreckage, and another 16 passengers are reported injured.

Depleted Uranium in NATO missiles threatens generations to come

By Barry Grey, 13 April 1999

One of the most sinister aspects of the US-NATO war is the use of depleted uranium in the Tomahawk cruise missiles that are raining down on the Yugoslav population. Upon impact the missiles release radioactive uranium oxide that is inhaled by people and can pollute the soil and food chain. The radioactive material can, moreover, be carried by the wind far from the site of the explosion, thereby placing at risk the peoples of the entire Balkan region.

Russia and the Balkan war

NATO's bombing of Belgrade changes the political balance of forces in Moscow

By Vladimir Volkov and Peter Schwarz, 13 April 1999

The effects of NATO's bombing of Serbia reach far beyond the Balkans. The most immediate and direct consequences affect the unstable inner equilibrium of Russia, and relations between the world's second strongest atomic power and Western Europe.

Repression in Turkey exposes NATO "humanitarianism"

By James Brookfield, 11 April 1999

Those inclined to believe that the US and NATO are waging war on Serbia as a campaign to defend the human and civil rights of the Kosovan Albanians should examine this week's events in Turkey.

Kosovo "freedom fighters" financed by organised crime

By Michel Chossudovsky, 10 April 1999

Michel Chossudovsky is a Professor of Economics at the University of Ottawa and author of The Globalization of Poverty, Impacts of IMF and World Bank Reforms, Third World Network, Penang and Zed Books, London, 1997. He has submitted this article to the World Socialist Web Site and we are presenting it for the information of our readers.

US-NATO jets bomb Serb auto plant

By Barry Grey, 10 April 1999

Escalating the air war against commercial and civilian targets in Yugoslavia, US/NATO jets bombed a major industrial complex in two separate strikes late Thursday and early Friday. The attack destroyed key facilities of the Zavasta industrial complex in the town of Kragujevac, 55 miles south of Belgrade.

Australian government twists and turns on Kosovar refugees--A case study in duplicity

By Mike Head, 9 April 1999

The Australian government's policy on offering shelter to refugees driven out of Kosovo has changed every day this week. One backflip has followed the other, as the calamity produced by NATO's bombing became increasingly obvious.

Protests in London against US-NATO bombing

By Vicky Short, 9 April 1999

Two demonstrations of between four and five hundred people took place within a few hundred yards of each other on the streets of London last Saturday: one opposing the US-NATO bombings of Serbia, the other supporting NATO's actions.

British Labour's elder statesman embraces NATO bombing of Serbia

By Julie Hyland, 9 April 1999

The support of centre-left governments, liberals and former pacifists for the US-NATO aerial bombardment of Serbia is one of the most politically significant aspects of the current war.

Behind the war in the Balkans:

A reply to a supporter of the US-NATO bombing of Serbia

By David North, 8 April 1999

Below we publish an open reply, prepared by David North, Chairman of the Editorial Board of the World Socialist Web Site, to a letter sent to the WSWS by P. Harris, a supporter of the US-NATO bombing of Serbia. For those who wish to read the text of Mr Harris's letter in full, a link is provided at the conclusion of this reply.

Letter to the WSWS by P. Harris, a supporter of the US-NATO bombing of Serbia

8 April 1999

Dear editor,

United States uses, and abuses, Kosovar refugees

By Martin McLaughlin, 8 April 1999

The scenes of tens of thousands of Kosovar refugees, driven from their homes by Serbian troops and police, deprived of all possessions except the clothes on their backs, have been broadcast throughout the world, evoking widespread sympathy for their plight.

Political motives behind the bombing of Serb civilians

By the Editorial Board, 8 April 1999

American and NATO officials responded with perfunctory statements of regret to Tuesday's bombing of the southern Serb town of Aleksinac. They declared the killing of civilians to be an unintentional, but "inevitable" byproduct of the air war against Yugoslavia.

Readers around the world oppose NATO bombing

7 April 1999

I have just come across your site and was pleased to see someone writing the truth for a change, not the one-sided Western rhetoric I'm faced with in the Australian press. KEEP UP the good work and try to get your stories out to the print media in your own country where public opinion will ultimately decide the future of this MESS.

Where is the outrage?

NATO bombs Serbian town

By David Walsh, 7 April 1999

NATO planes bombed the center of Aleksinac in southern Serbia early Tuesday, killing at least 12 civilians and injuring dozens more, some of them seriously. Missiles tore through high-rise apartment buildings and residences in the coal-mining town of some 20,000 people, 200 kilometers south of Belgrade. A correspondent for a private radio station reported that teams of firemen, soldiers and doctors were clearing the ruins and trying to help the victims. Serbian television reported that 10 buildings had been destroyed, including medical facilities. A doctor told a television reporter, "We are still trying to get out people from under the ruins. We don't know how many are injured or dead."

Why is Europe bombing Serbia?

By Steve James, 6 April 1999

One victim of NATO's military action in Kosovo is the pretension of the European powers to stand independently of American firepower. The growing economic rivalry between Europe and the United States, intensified by the launch of the euro and a series of trade disputes, has provoked calls for Europe to develop a military capacity comparable with its economic weight.

The United States and the war in the Balkans: On the road to catastrophe

By the Editorial Board, 6 April 1999

It has taken but two weeks for the bombing campaign initiated at the behest of the United States to provoke a massive refugee crisis and draw the entire Balkans region to the brink of all-out war. The stated military aims of the US and its NATO allies are being reformulated on a daily basis, while the war assumes ever more barbaric dimensions.

Will ground troops be next?

US rains bombs on Yugoslav capital city

By the Editorial Board, 3 April 1999

Also in Serbo-Croatian

US attitude toward "ethnic cleansing" depends on who's doing it

By David North, 3 April 1999

In his address at Norfolk Naval Air Station on April 1, President Bill Clinton proclaimed yet again that the bombing of Serbia has been undertaken "to stand with our allies in NATO against the unspeakable brutality in Kosovo."

Behind and beyond the propaganda: Why is the US bombing Serbia?

By David North, 2 April 1999

Also in Serbo-Croatian

"Executed" Kosovar leaders reemerge: Easter miracle, or media fraud?

By Barry Grey, 2 April 1999

On Wednesday Reuters carried a two-sentence notice that the prominent Albanian Kosovar leaders Fehmi Agani and Baton Haxhiu had not, after all, been executed by Serb forces in the Kosovan capital of Pristina. Another wire service reported the same day that Ibrahim Rugova, the leader of the Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK), had not, as reported earlier, gone into hiding after Serbs burned down his home in Pristina.

Scottish National Party leader criticises NATO bombing of Serbia

By Julie Hyland, 1 April 1999

Alex Salmond of the Scottish National Party has become the first party leader in Britain to attack the NATO bombardment of Yugoslavia. In a five-minute television broadcast Monday evening on the BBC, shown only in Scotland, Salmond described the military campaign as "an act of dubious legality" and "unpardonable folly".

Why did events in Kosovo take the Clinton Administration by surprise?

By Martin McLaughlin, 1 April 1999

Clinton administration officials have admitted in recent days that they gravely miscalculated the likely consequences of launching air strikes against Serbia. They claimed to have been "taken by surprise" by the intensified bloodletting and ethnic cleansing in Kosovo, which has resulted in tens of thousands of ethnic Albanians being driven out of their homes and forced into refugee camps in Albania and Macedonia.

NATO attack on Serbia has repercussions for Europe as a whole

By Peter Schwarz, 31 March 1999

Little more than a week of intensive air attacks against Serbia has resulted in numerous military and civilian facilities and factories going up in flames and the deaths of an untold number of human beings. Also included amongst the first casualties of the war is what remained of the world order that provided Europe with a certain degree of stability over the past five decades.

Yugoslav immigrant condemns US bombing

31 March 1999

Erik Siljak, a Yugoslav immigrant to the US, is the host of Global Kitchen, a weekly program on KVMR, Nevada City (89.5 FM) and Sacramento (99.3 FM), California, which may be heard in Real Audio at http://www.resonance.org/kitchen. He has written the following letter to the World Socialist Web Site:

Clinton signals a shift to a wider war against Serbia

By the Editorial Board, 31 March 1999

Amid reports that the air bombardment of Serb forces has been far less effective than originally claimed, President Clinton on Tuesday indicated that the United States is preparing to vastly expand its military offensive in Serbia.

Thousands demonstrate in Germany against NATO military strikes

By Stefan Steinberg, 30 March 1999

Demonstrations against the NATO military action in Yugoslavia took place in a number of German cities last Saturday. In Stuttgart a 3,000-strong demonstration, predominantly Serbs, marched through the city centre carrying placards denouncing the role of the German, European and Clinton governments in supporting the bombing in Yugoslavia. A total of 800,000 Serbs live today in the German republic.

US, NATO prepare public opinion for ground war against Serbia

By the Editorial Board, 30 March 1999

Less than one week ago, according to no less an authority than President Bill Clinton, most Americans had never heard of Kosovo and would not know where to find it on a world map.

British Liberal media and ex-radicals declare support for bombing of Kosovo

By Chris Marsden and Julie Hyland, 30 March 1999

Though the Labour government again refused to allow a vote on NATO's war against Serbia at the end of a parliamentary debate on Thursday, March 25, this would have been won comfortably. There was near unanimity on the Labour benches and the Conservatives and Liberal Democrats both pledged their support.

Rallies in Australian cities denounce NATO attack

By James Conachy, 30 March 1999

Thousands of people, predominantly from the Serbian community, demonstrated outside US consulates in major Australian cities on Sunday, venting their outrage at the NATO attack on Yugoslavia. Eight thousand rallied in Sydney and 6,000 in Melbourne. Smaller rallies were held in Brisbane, Perth, Adelaide and Hobart.

Worldwide protests against US-NATO bombing of Yugoslavia

By Jerry White, 30 March 1999

Tens of thousands of people participated in worldwide protests over the weekend against the US-NATO bombing campaign in Yugoslavia. Serbian émigrés as well as other workers and students opposed to the war protested in demonstrations held in Europe, North America, Australia, New Zealand and India.

US military uses Yugoslavia as testing ground for high-tech weaponry

By Jerry White, 27 March 1999

The US military has welcomed the confrontation with Serbia as an opportunity to test its arsenal of high-tech weaponry and to train American military personnel in a new theater of war.

Whom will the United States bomb next?

By the Editorial Board, 26 March 1999

Also in Serbo-Croatian

US-NATO bombs fall on Serbia: the "New World Order" takes shape

By the editorial board, 25 March 1999

Also in Serbo-Croatian

Dayton Accord near collapse: the political crisis in Bosnia

By Justus Leicht, 24 March 1999

As NATO prepares to impose the so-called Dayton II model for Kosovo by military force, Dayton I--the "peace accord" for Bosnia adopted four years ago--is falling apart.

War in Kosovo draws nearer

By Peter Schwarz, 23 March 1999

Following the renewed breakdown of the Kosovo conference in Paris, the danger of a bloody war in the Balkans, with incalculable consequences, draws nearer. Despite intensive last minute diplomatic efforts to avoid a military conflict, the logic of events is leading inevitably to war.

US, NATO threaten bombing in Yugoslavia

By Martin McLaughlin, 20 March 1999

NATO warplanes could strike targets in Yugoslavia within a week, US and European officials warned Friday after the collapse of talks outside Paris over the future of Kosovo province. Some 400 US and European warplanes are being readied to launch the air strikes, which would follow cruise missile launches from half a dozen US warships in the Adriatic and Mediterranean seas. The US planes, which make up fully half the NATO force, would include B-52 bombers equipped with additional cruise missiles.

Kosovo peace talks

The failure of the Rambouillet conference

By Peter Schwarz, 26 February 1999

The Kosovo conference held at Rambouillet, near Paris, came to an end on Tuesday without any tangible results. Despite massive pressure on the part of the United States, Britain, France, Germany, Italy and Russia, neither of the two parties to the conflict agreed to the demands of the "Contact Group". These had proposed a wide-ranging autonomy for Kosovo within the framework of the Serbian state. This was to be secured through the stationing of a 28,000-strong "peace force" under the umbrella of NATO.