The Balkans

UN war crimes prosecutor confirms much-reduced Kosovo death toll

By Chris Marsden, 13 November 1999

The United Nations' chief war crimes prosecutor Carla Del Ponte told the UN Security Council on November 10 that international investigators have to date unearthed 2,108 bodies in Kosovo. These were mostly ethnic Albanians, but included members of the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA). Del Ponte acknowledged that there were Serbs among the dead and that her office was also looking into possible war crimes committed by members of the KLA. "We have perpetrators that are Muslims and from the KLA, but I don't want to tell you more," she said.

Investigations belie NATO claims of "ethnic genocide"in Kosovo

By Chris Marsden and Barry Grey, 9 November 1999

Substantial evidence has emerged refuting the central justification for NATO's war against Serbia—the claim that the Milosevic regime was conducting "ethnic genocide" against Albanians in Kosovo.

Opposition to KLA grows in Kosovo

By Chris Marsden, 27 October 1999

The regime imposed by the Kosovo Liberation Army under the auspices of NATO is meeting growing opposition, even amongst the Albanian majority of Kosovo.

Australian government threatens to deport remaining Kosovar refugees

By Regina Lohr and Mike Head, 22 October 1999

Just five months after reluctantly accepting 4,000 Kosovar Albanian refugees from the US-NATO bombing of Yugoslavia, the Australian government on Monday declared its intention to imprison and deport the remaining war victims who do not leave the country by November 30.

British newspaper says NATO deliberately bombed Chinese embassy in Belgrade

By Chris Marsden, 19 October 1999

A report in the Observer newspaper October 17 provides damning evidence that NATO deliberately bombed the Chinese embassy in Belgrade on May 7, during its campaign against Serbia.

KLA given official police function in Kosovo

By Julie Hyland, 24 September 1999

The transformation of the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) into a "protection corps" was completed on Monday, after a series of delays. The NATO-brokered deal makes a mockery of the claim that the US-led intervention into the province was aimed at preserving a "multi-ethnic" Kosovo.

Roma and Ashkali driven out of Kosovo en masse

By Brigitte Fehlau, 23 September 1999

Since the end of the war in Kosovo and the deployment of the KFOR troops, murder and terror against minority populations has not stopped. Serbs were driven out of their houses, threatened with death and often killed. In addition, all other non-Albanian sections of the population, such as the Roma and Ashkali (a minority of Indian descent), have suffered substantial terror.

The divided opposition in Serbia

By Peter Schwarz, 9 September 1999

Since the end of the Kosovo War, Western governments have been seeking to find a movement in Serbia capable of driving Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic from power. US President Bill Clinton has openly allocated millions of dollars to finance an ostensibly democratic opposition subservient to Western interests. The first big show of strength by the opposition on August 19 in Belgrade, however, proved to be a bitter disappointment.

Protectorate Kosovo: What NATO's war and occupation have wrought

By Peter Schwarz, 4 September 1999

A “civil” and “democratic” society was to be established in Kosovo—such was the official rationale for the transformation of the province into a protectorate of the Great Powers. Three months after the intervention of NATO troops, the divisions in this society are emerging ever more clearly, and it would be hard to imagine a more repellant scenario.

Kosovo and the crisis in the Atlantic Alliance

By Peter Schwarz, 1 September 1999

In the aftermath of the Kosovo War new evidence is continually emerging in the public record making it clear that explosive tensions existed inside the NATO alliance while the war was in progress.

NATO's landmines and cluster bombs kill or maim 150 in Kosovo

By Keith Lee, 31 August 1999

Over 150 people have been killed or maimed by landmines and unexploded munitions in Kosovo since the end of hostilities. The victims are the forgotten casualties of the NATO war against Yugoslavia.

Serbs and Roma flee KLA terror in Kosovo

By Michael Conachy, 20 August 1999

Propaganda claims that the US-NATO war against Yugoslavia was conducted in a humanitarian effort to halt “ethnic cleansing” in Kosovo lie in tatters as Serbs and Roma (gypsies) continue to flee the province to escape harassment, intimidation, beatings and murder at the hands of the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA).

Who is NATO's new General Secretary George Robertson?

By Chris Marsden, 12 August 1999

On August 4, Britain's Foreign Secretary George Robertson was named as the new general secretary of NATO. He is the third European social democrat in a row to hold the position.

The Austrian writer Peter Handke, European public opinion, and the war in Yugoslavia

By Bernd Reinhardt, 11 August 1999

Although many German-speaking artists took cover during the war in Kosovo, the Austrian writer Peter Handke stood out by sharply criticising NATO's actions from the very beginning as criminal.

Next step in carve-up of the Balkans: Montenegrin regime approves plan for statehood

By Barry Grey, 7 August 1999

The government of Montenegro, outside of Serbia the only remaining republic of the Federation of Yugoslavia, took a major step toward secession August 5 when it approved a plan to dissolve the federation and establish an independent Montenegrin state.

Depleted uranium weapons used in Balkan War expected to cause thousands of fatal cancers

By Kate Randall, 5 August 1999

Depleted uranium (DU) weapons dropped by American A-10 "tank-busting" planes on Kosovo during the war with Serbia are likely to result in 10,000 fatal cancer cases, according to British experimental biologist Roger Cohill. Coghill runs a research laboratory in Gwent, Wales and spoke at a recent conference in London which discussed the use of DU by American and British forces in the 1991 Persian Gulf War.

The Balkan summit in Sarajevo: a shabby colonialist exercise

By Barry Grey, 5 August 1999

Last week's Balkan summit in the Bosnian capital of Sarajevo was a fitting epilogue to the US-NATO war. As in the war itself, where the noblest humanitarian motives were used to justify a brutal and premeditated attack on a small and weak country, the clash between the rhetoric and pomp of last Friday's summit and the reality underlying it could not have been more stark.

NATO general ordered military assault on Russian troops at end of Yugoslav war

By Jerry White, 4 August 1999

NATO Supreme Commander General Wesley Clark reportedly ordered British and French forces to launch a military assault last June to prevent Russian troops from taking control of the Pristina airport following the end of NATO's bombardment of Yugoslavia. But the US general's orders were rejected by the British commander of the NATO forces on the ground in Kosovo (KFOR), who later told Clark he did not want to risk launching a world war by confronting the Russians.

The Serbian opposition: a portrait of Zoran Djindjic

By Peter Schwarz, 30 July 1999

Zoran Djindjic has become a favourite of the German media and politicians. Hardly a day goes by without some news sheet or broadcaster presenting an interview with him. Chancellor Schroeder has received him twice in Bonn. He is treated like a statesman, and indeed, they would like to see him at the head of the Yugoslav state today rather than tomorrow.

"Operation Horseshoe" —propaganda and reality

How NATO propaganda misled the public

By Peter Schwarz, 29 July 1999

A reader from Italy wrote to the WSWS: ”I am an Italian Marxist and your reader. Your Internet issues are very precious and important. Please, I need help about some questions. What do you think about Operation ‘Horseshoe' and its discovery by German intelligence?” We publish the answer to this question, which is of general interest.

The massacre of Serbs in Gracko: Who is responsible?

By Barry Grey, 27 July 1999

The massacre of 14 Serb farmers in the Kosovan village of Gracko is the most horrific attack to date on Serbs and Gypsies since the entry of NATO troops into the province six weeks ago. The villagers, aged 15 to 60, were harvesting their crops on July 23 when they were cut down by automatic weapons fired at close range from several directions. The attackers—soldiers of the Kosovo Liberation Army, according to the testimony of Gracko inhabitants—mutilated the bodies of their victims.

Italy bars entry to fleeing Kosovan Gypsies

By Mike Ingram, 23 July 1999

As the full extent of the human catastrophe unleashed on the Balkans by NATO bombers begins to emerge, the Italian government has proclaimed that it "can no longer apply the terms of the humanitarian protection decree which was in force during the war".

Red Cross reports economic devastation

Humanitarian disaster in Yugoslavia

By Mike Head and Michael Conachy, 22 July 1999

In the wake of the US-NATO bombing of Yugoslavia, the people of Serbia are confronting a “dramatically awful” humanitarian crisis—far bigger than that in Kosovo—according to a senior Red Cross official. People have no jobs, often no water and electricity, and face a desperate situation in the coming winter.

Next stage in dismemberment of Yugoslavia: push for "independent" Montenegro

By Martin McLaughlin, 15 July 1999

Representatives of the ruling parties of Serbia and Montenegro met in Belgrade Wednesday, in the first official talks in more than a year between the two regimes which comprise the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

Report on impact of war in Yugoslavia

Potential environmental catastrophe in Balkans

By Michael Conachy, 14 July 1999

Amid the world media reports about alleged crimes against humanity and the torture and murder of innocent civilians in Kosovo, one crime has gone largely unmentioned.

The German army as occupying power... and spearhead for German business

By Ulrich Rippert, 10 July 1999

German army (Bundeswehr) units have been stationed in the south of Kosovo since June 11, thus opening up a new chapter in the history of German militarism.

No reply from CNN

By Barry Grey, 8 July 1999

Strange things happened when this reporter telephoned the Larry King Live program in Washington and CNN headquarters in Atlanta in an effort to get their side of the story reported by Robert Fisk in the British newspaper, the Independent. (See Was CNN involved in a NATO effort to assassinate the Serbian information minister?)

Was CNN involved in a NATO effort to assassinate the Serbian information minister?

By Chris Marsden, 8 July 1999

On Friday, July 2 the Independent newspaper in Britain ran an article by its Belgrade war correspondent Robert Fisk entitled “Taken in by the NATO line”. The article presents a devastating picture of the role of the press corps in the war against Yugoslavia.

Canada's military boasts of its role in bombardment of Yugoslavia

By Guy Leblanc, 7 July 1999

Canada's military is boasting about its role in NATO's aerial bombardment of Yugoslavia. While the conflict lasted, the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) were very secretive, divulging virtually no details of Canadian participation in bombing raids or other military operations. But in recent weeks the CAF has launched a propaganda offensive, extolling Canada's role in the “liberation” of Kosovo.

Murder with an idealistic face

By Gregory Kozlovsky, 7 July 1999

The following article was submitted by a reader in Switzerland. The WSWS encourages readers to submit serious articles and commentaries on political, historical and cultural questions.

Some cracks in the media propaganda front: reports of grossly exaggerated atrocity stories in Kosovo

By Barry Grey, 6 July 1999

In recent days scattered reports have emerged in the American media of the inflated and misleading character of claims by US officials of Serb atrocities against the Kosovan Albanians. On June 28 the Detroit Free Press carried an article by foreign correspondent Lori Montgomery, datelined Prizren, which bore the headline, “Rapes not a policy in Kosovo: Assaults were individual acts by Serbs, evidence indicates.”

Pharmaceutical companies dump useless drugs in Albania

By Debra Watson, 3 July 1999

The World Health Organization (WHO) has charged that Western pharmaceutical companies are dumping tons of unusable surplus and expired drugs into Albania for the Kosovo relief effort, simply to reap generous tax breaks from their governments and to avoid paying substantial costs of disposing of hazardous waste.

New York Times exposé of the Kosovo Liberation Army

KLA leader Thaci ordered rivals executed, rebel commanders say

By David Walsh, 29 June 1999

An article that appeared in the New York Times Friday sheds additional light on the character of the Kosovo Liberation Army, the group that the US and NATO have made their partners in their military occupation of the Yugoslav province.

Attacks on Kosovar Serbs intensifying

The US, the KLA and ethnic cleansing

By the Editorial Board, 29 June 1999

It has not taken long for the horrific implications of the US-led war in the Balkans to manifest themselves. Each day brings new reports of killings, rapes, arson attacks and incidents of looting carried out against Serbs and Gypsies in Kosovo, spearheaded by the Kosovo Liberation Army. The attacks have assumed such a scale that even the US media cannot ignore them.

US places a $5 million bounty on Milosevic

By Martin McLaughlin, 26 June 1999

The US State Department announced Thursday that the American government would pay a reward of up to $5 million for assistance in arresting Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic and other Serb leaders in Yugoslavia and Bosnia.

Atrocity claims and the politics of propaganda

A second reply to a supporter of the Balkan war

By David North, 25 June 1999

The following letter by David North, the chairman of the WSWS Editorial Board, replies to a message sent by P. Harris, a supporter of the Balkan war. Mr. Harris's letter can be read in full by clicking here (http://www.wsws.org/articles/1999/jun1999/harr-j25.shtml)

NATO forces complicit in ethnic cleansing of Serbs

By Chris Marsden, 25 June 1999

Even as NATO military officials and politicians, visiting Kosovo on Wednesday, pointed to evidence of Albanian graves as vindication of the NATO war, a reign of terror against the Serbian population in the province was escalating.

German interests in the war against Yugoslavia

By Ulrich Rippert, 24 June 1999

Churchill once said that in war the truth is so precious it has to be surrounded with a bodyguard of lies. In Germany over the last two months one clearly saw the fabrication of such a bodyguard.

Kosovo, Kashmir and the New York Times

By the Editorial Board, 23 June 1999

Imagine that Tuesday's edition of the New York Times, a newspaper which has spearheaded the media propaganda campaign in support of the US-NATO war against Yugoslavia, carried an editorial written along the lines of the following excerpts:

Clinton's speech in Slovenia: an abysmal display of ignorance

By Barry Grey, 23 June 1999

In considering US policy in the Balkans, it is at times difficult to determine the dividing line between great power scheming, deliberate falsification and sheer ignorance. A case in point is Clinton's speech Monday in the Slovenian capital of Ljubljana.

Europe's plan to control the Balkans

By Chris Marsden, 22 June 1999

A determined push is being made by Europe to dominate the Balkans in the aftermath of the war. Yesterday the Blair government organised a second meeting to encourage and organise bids by British construction firms and consultants for the rebuilding of Kosovo, worth an estimated £3 billion. Contracts for the entire Balkan region are estimated to be worth £30 billion. The pattern is being repeated throughout Europe. To the same end in Germany, the Schröder government is setting up a task force involving ministries and private firms. An industry executive told the Guardian, "Germans are traditionally the biggest trading partners with ex-Yugoslavia and the Balkans as a whole and, last year, trade amounted to DM25.8 billion. This region needs the reconstruction of its entire infrastructure, energy, transport, telecoms. In all these branches German industry is internationally competitive and we think we are in a position to deliver."

Australia:

Public meeting draws lessons of Balkans war

By our reporter, 22 June 1999

A public meeting opposing the US-NATO war against Yugoslavia and drawing its political implications was held in Sydney on June 20. Entitled “Socialist principles and the war in the Balkans,” the meeting was called by the Socialist Equality Party, the Australian section of the International Committee of the Fourth International. About 100 people participated, including students and young workers, some from the Balkans.

Lieutenant-General Sir Michael Jackson no stranger to ethnic warfare

Head of NATO force in Kosovo was second-in-command at "Bloody Sunday" massacre in Ireland

By Julie Hyland, 19 June 1999

Lieutenant-General Sir Michael Jackson is the British K-For commander in Kosovo. This is a position of strategic importance for the UK government. The commanding officer is expected to be someone tried and tested who is held in high regard by the establishment. What are Jackson's qualifications for this position?

Another "executed" Kosovar leader back from the dead

By Barry Grey, 18 June 1999

How reliable are the press accounts of Serb atrocities in Kosovo? Consider the following item published June 17 by the Boston Globe: “Kosovo Albanian who was believed dead is alive and well, British official says.”

"What was being committed there was one the biggest savageries of history."

Spanish pilot says US ordered targeting of civilians in Yugoslavia

By Chris Marsden, 18 June 1999

On June 14, a Spanish weekly paper published an article detailing how American NATO commanders ordered attacks on civilian targets. The piece in Articulo 20 (Article 20 is the provision in the Spanish constitution guaranteeing freedom of speech) is based on an interview with Captain Adolfo Luis Martin de la Hoz, a NATO pilot from Spain. The article was translated by Jelena Karovic and circulated by the Network for Peace in the Balkans (BalkanPeaceNetwork@listbot.com).

Kosovan "mass graves"agitation: US media seeks to justify NATO war

By the Editorial Board, 18 June 1999

As NATO forces extend their reach throughout Kosovo, the American and British media are seeking to bludgeon public opinion and justify the war against Yugoslavia after the fact. At the center of this propaganda effort is a series of reports on alleged mass grave sites found by NATO soldiers and Kosovo Liberation Army guerrillas.

Kosovar refugees object to sub-standard conditions in Australia

By Mike Head, 18 June 1999

It hasn't taken long for the authorities in Australia to display their true feelings toward the Kosovar refugees. Having originally been loathe to accept any, the Howard government eventually agreed two months ago to temporarily house 4,000 in far-flung military camps. When the first planeloads landed, Prime Minister John Howard and Immigration Minister Philip Ruddock made long and pompous speeches of welcome.

NATO spokesman Jamie Shea: the education of a war propagandist

By Ann Talbot, 17 June 1999

" ... the conflict of truth versus truth hid, in reality, a struggle between two forms of propaganda."—French Intellectuals and the Great War 1914-1920 , PhD thesis by Jamie Shea

KLA seizes Kosovo positions, Serb flight grows

By Martin McLaughlin, 16 June 1999

The occupation of Kosovo by NATO ground troops is setting the stage for a new campaign of ethnic warfare in the Yugoslav province, this time spearheaded by the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) against the Serb minority population.

NATO-Russian standoff in Kosovo contains seeds of future wars

By Barry Grey, 15 June 1999

The first days of the NATO occupation of Kosovo have already belied the claims that the Alliance's victory over Yugoslavia ushers in a period of peace and stability in the region.

After the Slaughter: Political Lessons of the Balkan War

By David North, 14 June 1999

The capitulation of Serbia to the US-NATO onslaught brings to an end the last major strategic experience of the twentieth century. Its bloody conclusion endows the century with a certain tragic symmetry. It began with the suppression of the anti-colonial uprising of the Chinese Boxers. The century closes with a war that completes the reduction of the Balkans to the status of a neo-colonial protectorate of the major imperialist powers.

Clinton's speech on Yugoslavia: piling lie upon lie

By Martin McLaughlin, 12 June 1999

The 13-minute speech delivered by President Clinton Thursday night to a national television audience was a remarkable exercise in the technique of the big lie. It is difficult to recall any presidential address in modern US history which compressed into such a brief period so many falsehoods and distortions.

"Towards ten in the evening the sirens sound as if by command"

Experiences from the war in Yugoslavia: the diary of a journey

By a reader, 11 June 1999

A WSWS reader, whose parents live in the north of Yugoslavia and whose son lives in Belgrade, visited her family in the middle of May. She "could no longer tolerate following the war from Germany without doing something”. Her report provides a picture of the war which is missing from the usual media coverage. The author emphasises that while she visited the North, the situation is much worse in the South of the country.

Biggest one-day slaughter in war

NATO cluster bombs kill hundreds of Serb troops

By Martin McLaughlin, 10 June 1999

The US-NATO air war against Yugoslavia culminated Monday in the biggest one-day slaughter since the bombing campaign began, with as many as 600 Yugoslav Army soldiers killed when their column was hit by cluster bombs from a single B-52 bomber.

Demonstrators in Australia denounce NATO bombing

By Richard Phillips, 10 June 1999

Almost a thousand people rallied in Sydney last Sunday against the NATO assault on Yugoslavia. The rally, including many Yugoslav workers and their families, assembled at Hyde Park fountain and marched through the city to Circular Quay. Members of the Greek and Macedonian community, pacifist groups and a small delegation from The Greens also attended.

"The American government picks and chooses which situation to intervene in for its own economic interest"

Demonstrator at Washington march

9 June 1999

Several Serbian-American workers spoke with the WSWS during Saturday's protest in Washington against the bombing of Yugoslavia.

NATO "peace" sets stage for expulsion of Kosovan Serbs

By Julie Hyland and Barry Grey, 9 June 1999

Now that the withdrawal of Yugoslav forces from Kosovo seems near, it is being widely acknowledged in the Western press, and even by government and NATO officials, that the NATO-imposed “peace” will mean a new mass exodous of refugees fleeing for their lives—this time, Serbs and other minorities fleeing Kosovo.

Washington march protests NATO bombing of Yugoslavia

By Martin McLaughlin, 9 June 1999

Several thousand people marched to the Pentagon last Saturday to protest the continued US bombing of Yugoslavia. The demonstrators assembled near the Vietnam Veterans Memorial on the Mall in Washington, DC and marched across Memorial Bridge to the headquarters of the US Department of Defense.

NATO escalates attack on Yugoslav sovereignty

By Barry Grey, 8 June 1999

NATO intensified its bombing of Yugoslavia on Monday after talks between NATO and Serbian military officials in Macedonia broke off without an agreement on terms for the withdrawal of Yugoslav forces from Kosovo.

UN relief agencies warn of humanitarian disaster in Yugoslavia

By Jerry White, 5 June 1999

UN officials warned Thursday that a humanitarian disaster was looming in Yugoslavia as a result of the 10-week bombing campaign by NATO. “In the summer, it gets very warm and that's an ideal condition for epidemics,” Stephan Vandam of the World Health Organization (WHO) told reporters. “With the winter and cold coming, then we're talking about respiratory problems and pneumonia.”

Bestiality, humanity and servility

How Jürgen Habermas defends the Balkan war

By Ulrich Rippert, 5 June 1999

The renowned German weekly Die Zeit provided the noted Frankfurt philosopher Jürgen Habermas with three full pages and a headline. The editorial board knew for certain it would be no easy task for him to complete. The sixth week of war had just begun. With each night's bombing the doubts and questions increased.

The Milosevic indictment: a mass of contradictions

By Martin McLaughlin, 4 June 1999

Enormous publicity was given last week to the war crimes indictment of Slobodan Milosevic and four other Serbian leaders handed down by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY). But there was little examination, either of the evidence or the legal principles on which the indictment is based.

Serbia accepts NATO terms, but air strikes continue

By Barry Grey, 4 June 1999

US and NATO officials said the air war against Yugoslavia would continue for the present, despite Belgrade's acceptance Thursday of NATO's basic demands for ending its bombardment of the country.

Ottawa rally against NATO's bombardment of Yugoslavia

By Guy Leblanc, 3 June 1999

Canada's national capital was the scene of a 5,000-strong demonstration May 29 against the aerial bombardment of Yugoslavia by the NATO allies, including Canada. Serbian and Greek immigrants, students, and anti-militarists comprised the bulk of the demonstration, which began on Ottawa's Parliament Hill, then proceeded to the Ministry of National Defence and the US embassy. There was a heavy, even intimidating, police presence along the entire demonstration, but especially in front of the US embassy.

Victims of NATO's war

Who is responsible for the deaths of Milena Malobabic and Sanja Milenkovic?

By David Walsh, 2 June 1999

In the last three days of May, NATO bombing assaults on Serbia resulted in the deaths of at least 50 civilians and the wounding of hundreds more.

Bombardment of Yugoslavia creates ecological disaster

By a correspondent in Romania, 2 June 1999

Romania is on the brink of an ecological catastrophe. The US aggression against Yugoslavia is going to have economic consequences for various neighboring countries, especially Romania, according to statements by Marian Ianculescu, of the Romanian Academy of Agricultural Sciences. Ianculescu believes that a large amount of the contaminated substances thrown into the atmosphere as a result of the bombings are still unknown and their effects may be hazardous to any form of life.

Two "spy" trials provoke different media responses

By Mike Head, 1 June 1999

Two “spy” trials drew contrasting media coverage last week. The first occurred in Belgrade; the other in Washington.

Sri Lanka:

Two public lectures against US-NATO bombing of Serbia

By our correspondent, 1 June 1999

Two well-attended public lectures against the bombing of Serbia by US-NATO forces were held recently by the Socialist Equality Party of Sri Lanka. The SEP General Secretary Wije Dias delivered the lectures in the capital, Colombo, on May 13 and the central province capital of Kandy on May 22.

Britain reported to have offered 50,000 troops for Kosovo invasion force

By Mike Ingram, 1 June 1999

Britain is rumoured to have promised to send up to 50,000 troops as part of a 150,000-strong land invasion force for Kosovo.

The Milosevic indictment: legal document or political diatribe?

By Barry Grey, 1 June 1999

Events of the past few days have made it clear that the indictment of Slobodan Milosevic by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) was intended to buttress support in the US and Europe for NATO's war, while whipping into line those NATO countries—such as Germany and Italy—that have resisted the push by Britain and the US for a ground invasion. Clinton and Blair in particular have seized on the indictment to scuttle Russia's diplomatic efforts and insist, as they have from the outset, that there be no negotiations on NATO's demands and that Belgrade be driven to total surrender.

Former Croatian general has US backing

New KLA leader was responsible for ethnic cleansing

By Peter Stavropoulos, 29 May 1999

Former Croatian Army Brigadier-General Agim Ceku has been appointed by the “Kosovo Provisional Government” as the new chief-of-staff for the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA). Ceku, who retired from his Croatian Army post in February, will replace KLA commander Suleiman Selini, whose faction has fallen out of favor with the US State Department for refusing to participate in the Rambouillet conference.

Human rights group charges NATO bombing is war crime

Calls for indictment of British government officials

By Chris Marsden, 29 May 1999

The human rights group, the Movement for the Advancement of International Criminal Law, has sent a submission to the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, requesting the indictment of British Prime Minister Tony Blair, Foreign Secretary Robin Cook and Defence Secretary George Robertson for war crimes.

From the horse's mouth

Kissinger exposes lies behind US-NATO war

By Barry Grey, 28 May 1999

In the course of a newly published article criticizing the Clinton administration's war policy in Yugoslavia, Henry Kissinger is obliged to expose some of the basic claims underlying the pro-war propaganda of the US and NATO. Appearing first on the May 24 Internet edition of Newsweek magazine, the article, entitled “New World Disorder,” carries the following blunt summary:

Milosevic indictment provides pretext for invasion

By the editorial board, 28 May 1999

The indictment of Slobodan Milosevic by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) is a political measure taken in behalf of the NATO powers that are waging war on the Yugoslav people. Its purpose is, first, to legitimize the present bombing campaign and provide a justification for its escalation, and, second, lay the propaganda and legal foundation for an invasion of Kosovo in the south and Belgrade in the north, the arrest and imprisonment of the Milosevic leadership, and the installation of a puppet regime subservient to the US and its European allies.

British government pledges 18,000 troops for Kosovo

By Julie Hyland, 28 May 1999

The Blair government has said it will send up to 12,000 more troops to strengthen NATO ground forces in Macedonia. The announcement followed NATO's decision on Tuesday to expand the size of the forces preparing to enter Kosovo from 28,000 to 60,000.

The British government and the Kosovar refugees

Labour's milk of human kindness turns sour

By Tony Hyland, 27 May 1999

The Blair government says that its participation in the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia is driven by “humanitarian concern” for the plight of the Albanian Kosovars. This claim should be examined critically in light of its treatment of asylum-seekers in general and the Kosovar refugees in particular.

NATO's public face: Jamie Shea

By David Walsh, 27 May 1999

The following caption appeared in April under a photograph in the Washington Post: “NATO spokesman Jamie Shea expressed regret over civilian losses from the bomb attack that hit a convoy in southeastern Kosovo.”

Cities blacked out, water supplies cut

US-NATO bombing targets entire Yugoslav population

By Martin McLaughlin, 26 May 1999

With the deliberate destruction of the electrical power and water system, the US-NATO air war against Yugoslavia has entered a qualitatively new stage. Gone is any pretense that the United States and its European allies are at war only with the government of President Slobodan Milosevic, and not with the people of Serbia.

Why is Turkey supporting the war against Serbia?

By Justus Leicht, 26 May 1999

Turkey has made its military air facilities available to NATO for the alliance's attacks against Yugoslavia, as well as supplying F-16 fighter jets as escorts for the squads of bombers. In recent days Turkish planes have directly taken part in the bombing, and Turkey has provided several hundred men for NATO ground missions.

Why is NATO at war with Yugoslavia? World power, oil and gold

By Editorial Board World Socialist Web Site, 24 May 1999

Since March 24, 1999, the military forces of NATO, led by the United States, have been subjecting Yugoslavia to a devastating bombardment. Flying more than 15,000 sorties, NATO has pummeled Yugoslav cities and villages, hitting factories, hospitals, schools, bridges, fuel depots and government buildings. Thousands have been killed and wounded, including passengers on commuter trains and buses, and workers at television broadcast and relay facilities. Civilian neighborhoods in both Serbia and Kosovo have been hit.

Why is NATO at war with Yugoslavia? World power, oil and gold

By Editorial Board World Socialist Web Site, 24 May 1999

Since March 24, 1999, the military forces of NATO, led by the United States, have been subjecting Yugoslavia to a devastating bombardment. Flying more than 15,000 sorties, NATO has pummeled Yugoslav cities and villages, hitting factories, hospitals, schools, bridges, fuel depots and government buildings. Thousands have been killed and wounded, including passengers on commuter trains and buses, and workers at television broadcast and relay facilities. Civilian neighborhoods in both Serbia and Kosovo have been hit.

Congress approves $15 billion in military spending

War in the Balkans—a bonanza for weapons industry

By Martin McLaughlin, 22 May 1999

Congress approved a $15.1 billion supplementary spending bill for the war in the Balkans and other Pentagon operations Thursday, providing the down payment on what is now expected to be the biggest bonanza for the US weapons industry since the boom years of the Reagan administration.

Another attack in British press on prominent NATO critic

By Julie Hyland, 22 May 1999

One of the most significant events revealing the hidden agenda of NATO's war against Serbia was the leaked publication of the Rambouillet Accord. It was the Yugoslav government's rejection of this accord—drawn up by the Contact Group comprised of the US, Britain, France, Germany and Russia—that provided NATO with the official pretext to begin its aerial bombardment of the country.

Italian fishermen injured by unexploded bombs dumped by NATO in the Adriatic Sea

By a reporter, 21 May 1999

Two Italian fishermen have been injured after unexploded NATO bombs, dumped into the Adriatic Sea, exploded in their fishing nets. At least 30 unexploded NATO bombs have now been caught up in fishing nets on the Venetian coast close to Aviano, which is NATO's main air base for the launching of attacks into Yugoslavia.

Missiles hit hospital, embassies

NATO resumes bombing of Belgrade

By Martin McLaughlin, 21 May 1999

NATO warplanes resumed the bombardment of Belgrade, striking the capital city of Yugoslavia repeatedly the night of May 19-20. Bombs and missiles destroyed part of a major hospital complex and hit the embassies or residences of seven foreign ambassadors. It was the first large-scale strike on the city since the destruction of the Chinese embassy May 7.

Observer newspaper targets playwright Harold Pinter for his criticism of NATO

By Julie Hyland, 20 May 1999

Over the past three months, Britain's “liberal” media has proved to be NATO's most vociferous champion. Most notably, the Guardian and the Observer never tire of promoting the aerial bombardment of Serbia and the Labour government's demand for ground troops. Following Prime Minister Blair's lead, they justify their support on the grounds of “humanitarian principles”.

Yugoslavia estimates $100 billion in damages from NATO bombing

By Peter Stavropoulos, 20 May 1999

The Yugoslav government has released preliminary data on the damage caused to the country during the first 27 days of NATO's air bombing campaign. The government figures, which do not include deaths or casualties suffered by Yugoslav military personnel, give a glimpse into the widespread devastation that has been inflicted upon one of Europe's poorest countries.

Strategic crisis for British imperialism

What's behind Blair's calls for ground war in the Balkans?

By Chris Marsden, 19 May 1999

British Prime Minister Tony Blair's ongoing Balkan tour has been an occasion for increasingly strident demands for NATO and the US to consider launching a ground war against Serbia. He has shamelessly appealed to the bellicose sentiments expressed by sections of official Washington, in both the Democratic and Republican parties, in order to place maximum pressure on the Clinton administration, which is fearful of political reaction amongst the American people to the casualties such a war would inevitably entail.

Further doubt cast on US claims of genocide in Kosovo

By Martin McLaughlin, 18 May 1999

There are growing questions about the claims by US and NATO officials, accepted uncritically in the media for more than a month, that Yugoslav forces have carried out genocide against the Albanian population of Kosovo.

After Korisa bomb atrocity

The evolution of a NATO lie

By Martin McLaughlin, 17 May 1999

The greater the crimes perpetrated in the course of the US-NATO air war against Yugoslavia, the more outrageous the lies employed by the representatives of the Clinton administration and its European allies.

Ex-Stalinists oppose NATO bombing but back UN intervention

The German PDS and the war in Yugoslavia

By Ulrich Rippert, 17 May 1999

The Party of Democratic Socialism (PDS) is the only party in the German parliament to have voted as a fraction against the war in Yugoslavia and German participation in the bombing. Since officially making known its opposition, the chairman of the PDS fraction, Gregor Gysi, has called for an immediate stop to the NATO bombing on a number of occasions.

An interview with Professor Robert Hayden

NATO's claim of 100,000 murdered in Kosovo—a rebuttal

By James Brookfield, 17 May 1999

In the course of a television interview Sunday, US Secretary of Defense William Cohen reiterated one of the central justifications for the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia, declaring, in reference to the Albanian population of Kosovo, “We have now seen about 100,000 military-age men missing. They may have been murdered.”

German Green party backs Balkan war

By Ute Reissner, 15 May 1999

The delegates to the special conference of Bündnis 90/Die Grünen (Alliance 90/The Greens) have backed the policy of German Foreign Minister Joschka Fischer. The government's war policy against Yugoslavia has thus become the official policy of the Greens.

NATO cluster bombs kill 100 Albanians in Kosovo: Where is the outrage?

By the Editorial Board, 15 May 1999

NATO warplanes struck the village of Korisa in Kosovo province Thursday night, dropping eight cluster bombs which killed at least 100 Albanian Kosovar refugees, most of them women and children. It is the worst single atrocity since the US-NATO war against Yugoslavia began seven weeks ago.

What really has happened in Kosovo

By Martin McLaughlin, 14 May 1999

In the US-NATO assault on Yugoslavia, accusations of genocide in Kosovo play the same role in the propaganda war as cruise missiles and cluster bombs in the air war. The claims that Serbian troops and paramilitary forces are slaughtering thousands, tens of thousands, even hundreds of thousands of Kosovar Albanians, the comparisons of Slobodan Milosevic to Adolf Hitler, the invocation of the Holocaust--all these serve as weapons, if not to convince, at least to intimidate public opinion.

Chinese embassy bombing escalates political tensions in Britain

Conservatives tell Blair to mount ground war or prepare for defeat

By Chris Marsden, 13 May 1999

The aftershock from NATO's bombing of the Chinese embassy in Belgrade has split cross-party unity in Britain for the air war against Serbia. The Conservative Party, sensing a disaster in the making, have launched a campaign to make sure that everyone knows that this is "Blair's war" and that any blame for failure must be laid to rest at his door. They have coupled this with demands for ground war as the only realistic option for success.

Rising cost of Britain's war drive to fall on working people

By Julie Hyland, 13 May 1999

There are to be no “financial restrictions” placed on Britain's military operations against Serbia, Alan Milburn, chief secretary to the Treasury, announced on Tuesday.

After the bombing of the Belgrade embassy

US media denounces Chinese protests

By David Walsh, 12 May 1999

Even if one were inclined to suppress all doubts and accept Washington’s claims that the bombing of the Chinese embassy in Belgrade was entirely accidental, the vitriolic response of the American media to the protests in Beijing and other cities reveals an extraordinary level of anti-China sentiment within the US ruling elite. Far from expressing genuine regret at the loss of Chinese life, the anger of the American media reflects precisely the type of militaristic and ruthless mindset capable of producing a deliberate decision to bomb the embassy of a country not directly involved in the war against Yugoslavia.

New York Times' venom over release of Yugoslavia POWs

By Martin McLaughlin, 12 May 1999

Last week we noted on the World Socialist Web Site that official Washington had reacted with thinly disguised hostility to the release of three American soldiers who were captured by Yugoslav Army troops along the Serbia-Macedonia border and held prisoner for more than a month. This response by Clinton administration spokesmen and right-wing media pundits like George Will and William Kristol was in sharp contrast to the usual posture of sympathy and concern for American POWs.

German protests condemn NATO onslaught against Serbia

By our correspondent, 11 May 1999

During a weekend of protests throughout Germany up to 15,000 demonstrators assembled Saturday in the heart of Berlin to voice their opposition to the continuing NATO war. Marchers carried placards and banners proclaiming: "Stop the bombing--Stop the violations of international law" and "SPD and Olive-Green equals war". The Social Democrats (SPD) and the Greens form the present German government.