The 2011 war in Libya
By Hasan Yıldırım, 12 June 2020
The domestic and international parties of the civil war in Libya have recently intensified talks as Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarraj’s UN-recognized Government of National Accord (GNA) in Tripoli advanced on the Libyan National Army (LNA) led by Khalifa Haftar.
By Alberto Escalera, 20 May 2020
Libya’s civil war is fueled by a complex interplay between the competing interests of international energy monopolies and local power struggles to control oil and gas revenues.
22 March 2017
By Bill Van Auken, 8 March 2012
Following a declaration of autonomy by tribal and militia leaders in oil-rich eastern Libya, the head of the National Transitional Council threatened the use of force to prevent the country’s partition.
By Patrick Martin, 17 February 2012
A new report documents gruesome violations of human rights under the new regime established by the US-NATO war.
By Will Morrow, 11 February 2012
The war crimes and abuses being perpetrated by the TNC regime further expose the claims that the NATO allies intervened for humanitarian purposes to rescue the Libyan people from violent repression.
By Patrick Martin, 4 February 2012
The murder of Omar Brebesh follows a series of reports by human rights groups on torture in the prisons of the new “democratic” Libya.
By Bill Van Auken, 1 February 2012
The multiple reports of torture in the detention centers run by the new imperialist-backed Libyan regime and NATO’s “rebels” give the lie to all those who justified last year’s war in the name of human rights and “liberation.”
By Barry Grey, 23 January 2012
A report released last week by Middle East human rights groups presents extensive evidence of war crimes carried out in Libya by the United States, NATO and their proxy “rebel” forces.
By Bill Van Auken, 21 January 2012
There is strong evidence that NATO carried out war crimes in its eight-month war for regime-change in Libya, according to a report released Thursday by Middle East human rights groups.
By Will Morrow, 13 January 2012
The NATO-installed regime’s legislation features provisions preventing people nominating themselves as candidates.
By Steve James, 3 December 2011
An article in Ireland’s Sunday World has drawn attention to relations between Mahdi al-Harati, former leader of the Tripoli Brigade of the National Transition Council, which played a central role in the NATO assault on Libya, and an unnamed US intelligence agency.
By Oliver Campbell, 24 November 2011
Jibril’s remarks confirm that far from being a humanitarian mission to “save the Libyan people,” the war to oust Muammar Gaddafi was aimed at seizing control of the country’s oil wealth
By Patrick O’Connor, 22 November 2011
The capture of Saif al Islam has raised the spectre of a drawn-out criminal trial in The Hague, with embarrassing details emerging of the intimate ties between the Gaddafi regime and Western powers.
By Peter Symonds, 3 November 2011
The main qualification of the relatively unknown Abdurrahim al-Keib for office is his acceptability to the NATO powers that waged a predatory war to oust Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi.
By Bill Van Auken, 1 November 2011
NATO formally ended its seven-month predatory war against Libya at midnight Monday, having achieved its aim of regime change and opened up the country to unrestrained exploitation of its huge energy resources by Western oil companies.
By Robert Stevens, 29 October 2011
Documents found in the abandoned residence of the British ambassador in Tripoli reveal the extent of the British government’s intimate relationships with the former Gaddafi government in Libya.
By Patrick O’Connor, 25 October 2011
The barbaric conclusion to the NATO military campaign in Libya underscores the fraud of the declared “liberation.”
By Bill Van Auken, 25 October 2011
University of Michigan Professor Juan Cole claims the revolting murder of deposed Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi as “vindication” for the imperialist war against Libya that he championed.
25 October 2011
Letters from readers on the killing of Muammar Gaddafi.
By Bill Van Auken, 24 October 2011
US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton solemnly announced Sunday that Washington “strongly supports” an independent investigation into the barbaric murder of Libya’s deposed head of state Muammar Gaddafi.
By Bill Van Auken, 22 October 2011
Libya’s NATO-backed National Transitional Council is set to announce the supposed completion of the country’s “liberation” this weekend following the gruesome lynching of former ruler Muammar Gaddafi.
By Bill Van Auken, 21 October 2011
The savage killing Thursday of deposed Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi served to underscore the criminal character of the war that has been prosecuted by the US and NATO over the past eight months.
By Patrick O’Connor, 19 October 2011
The atrocities now being committed in Sirte arise directly out of the nature and aims of the neo-colonial intervention itself.
By Chris Marsden, 18 October 2011
The Libyan town of Sirte has been all but destroyed and its inhabitants turned into homeless refugees.
By Chris Marsden, 15 October 2011
The National Transitional Council has stated that the fight for control of Sirte is reaching “endgame,” with its forces having seized 80 percent of the city.
By Patrick O’Connor, 10 October 2011
The crisis in Sirte underscores the grotesque nature of the claims made by the NATO powers and their political cheerleaders that the war on Libya was a “humanitarian” intervention.
By Marianne Arens, 10 October 2011
The recent closure of the refugee camp on the Italian island of Lampedusa will lead to more deaths added to the list of hundreds who have died trying to escape war-torn Libya.
By Joe Mount, 7 October 2011
The neo-colonial intervention into Libya has cost the UK around £1.75 billion so far, seven times the figure originally stated.
By Will Morrow, 5 October 2011
The new government is composed almost entirely of ministers of the previous government, after the NTC admitted it could not come to a unified decision over who would take control of the key ministries.
By Patrick O’Connor, 4 October 2011
Tens of thousands of civilians remain trapped in the area, and are being subjected to indiscriminate rocket, mortar and missile attacks.
By Patrick O’Connor, 3 October 2011
In their frenzied drive to crush all resistance in the north African state, NATO and its proxy militia forces are unleashing indiscriminate military force, killing civilians and destroying buildings and infrastructure.
By Bill Van Auken, 30 September 2011
In a recent teleconference with US businessmen, Washington’s ambassador to Libya let slip a telling phrase, referring to the North African nation’s oil reserves as “the jewel in the crown”.
By Bill Van Auken, 29 September 2011
Refugees from the Libyan coastal city report that thousands have died as a result of relentless NATO bombardment and shelling by the the Western-backed “rebels.”
By Patrick O’Connor, 26 September 2011
From the outset, the NATO intervention was bound up with geo-strategic calculations across North Africa and economic interests in Libya’s oil-rich territory.
By the Bill Van Auken, 21 September 2011
The same NATO countries that waged war on Libya in the name of “protecting civilians” have given “an abysmal response to the plight” of refugees from this conflict.
By Alex Lantier, 19 September 2011
NATO bombed cities across Libya over the weekend as fighting continued in Sirte and Bani Walid.
By Peter Symonds, 17 September 2011
The visit by Cameron and Sarkozy to Libya recalls all the sordid and bloody traditions of imperialism: rank hypocrisy, economic plunder and the ruthless use of force to attain its ends.
By Bill Van Auken, 16 September 2011
With their surprise visit to Tripoli Thursday, Sarkozy and Cameron signaled that the scramble by the major powers for control of Libya’s oil wealth is in full swing.
By Peter Symonds, 15 September 2011
The fragility of the new regime in Tripoli was underscored by its announcement yesterday that it would remain in Benghazi until after the seizure of the remaining pro-Gaddafi strongholds.
By Marianne Arens, 14 September 2011
Italian business and political circles take for granted their right to decide on the future of the oil and gas wealth of the country’s former colony, Libya.
By John Chan, 12 September 2011
The purpose of the allegations against Beijing is transparent: to justify excluding China from future economic relations with Libya, above all in the oil industry.
By Peter Symonds, 9 September 2011
The racist abuse and killing of black foreigners and Libyans is a devastating refutation of claims by the US and its European allies to be waging a war for democracy and the defence of civilian lives.
By Clara Weiss, 8 September 2011
Following the Russian abstention in the UN resolution sanctioning NATO’s invasion of Libya, Moscow’s recent recognition of the Libyan TNC exposes mounting tensions within the Russian ruling elite.
By Alex Lantier, 7 September 2011
Libya’s humanitarian crisis is deepening as NATO-backed forces of the National Transitional Council continue their offensive to crush forces loyal to Colonel Muammar Gaddafi.
By Kumaran Ira, 6 September 2011
France’s New Anti-Capitalist Party (NPA) has applauded NATO's war to topple the regime of Colonel Muammar Gaddafi in Libya, praising it as a victory for democracy.
By Peter Symonds, 6 September 2011
The NATO-backed National Transitional Council comprises a shaky alliance of ex-Gaddafi ministers, CIA assets and Islamist militants whose political influence beyond Benghazi in questionable.
By Peter Symonds, 5 September 2011
The British and American intelligence agencies maintained the closest relations with the Gaddafi regime and collaborated in the interrogation and torture of Islamist suspects “rendered” to Libya.
By Bill Van Auken, 5 September 2011
In back-to-back pieces by its leading columnists, the New York Times proclaims NATO’s war in Libya as a new model for “humanitarian” interventionism.
By Peter Schwarz, 3 September 2011
With NATO’s intervention in Libya, the transition of former liberals and pacifists into the imperialist war camp is so widespread that one cannot treat it as an individual phenomenon.
By Bill Van Auken, 2 September 2011
The “Friends of Libya” conference hosted by French President Sarkozy and British Prime Minister Cameron signaled the beginning of the imperialist carve-up of the oil-rich North African country.
By Bill Van Auken, 1 September 2011
With its siege of the Libyan city of Sirte, NATO is carrying out precisely the kind of military assault on a civilian population center that it claimed its intervention was designed to prevent.
By Ulrich Rippert, 1 September 2011
An article in Die Zeit, the prominent German weekly, points a finger at the government and its foreign minister because Germany did not originally involve itself in the terror bombing of Libya.
By Bill Van Auken, 31 August 2011
With the US and its European allies set to install a puppet regime based on the Benghazi-based National Transitional Council, deep divisions have emerged among the NATO-led “rebels”.
By Bill Van Auken, 30 August 2011
Tripoli is on the brink of a severe humanitarian crisis, its 2 million residents facing a lack of water, electricity, food and medical care while fighting continues in parts of the capital and elsewhere in Libya.
By Peter Schwarz, 30 August 2011
The German Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle has come under heavy attack following the conquest of the Libyan capital, Tripoli, by NATO-backed rebels.
By Patrick Martin, 29 August 2011
There are numerous reports from journalists in Tripoli of summary executions and torture by the NATO-backed forces that have seized power in Libya.
By Bill Van Auken, 27 August 2011
US embassy cables released by WikiLeaks expose the close collaboration between the US government and Muammar Gaddafi, who Washington now insists must be hunted down and murdered.
By Bill Van Auken, 27 August 2011
NATO’s assault on Libya, a criminal imperialist war from its outset, has descended into an exercise in out-and-out murder as special forces operatives and intelligence agents hunt down Gaddafi.
By Bill Van Auken, 26 August 2011
Five days after “rebels” entered Tripoli, under the cover of NATO bombing and led by foreign special forces, the abject criminality of imperialism’s takeover of Libya is becoming increasingly evident.
By Bill Van Auken, 25 August 2011
Even as fighting continues in Libya, Washington and its NATO allies are drawing up plans to “stabilize” the oil-rich North African country, including the possible deployment of foreign troops.
By Dietmar Henning, 25 August 2011
In addition to Libya’s rich energy reserves, German companies are particularly interested in the billions of euros of government assets that have been frozen in foreign accounts.
By Bill Van Auken, 24 August 2011
Fighting continued in the Libyan capital of Tripoli Tuesday after NATO-backed forces sacked Muammar Gaddafi’s compound.
By Bill Van Auken, 24 August 2011
Former State Department official Philip Zelikow offers Libya as a model for carving up the Middle East and smashing up the Arab states.
By Bill Van Auken, 23 August 2011
Fierce fighting raged into the night in Tripoli Monday, even as leaders of the major Western powers proclaimed the end of the Gaddafi regime and maneuvered for position in the scramble for Libya’s oil wealth.
By Patrick Martin, 22 August 2011
The Gaddafi regime is on the brink of collapse after stepped-up air attacks, including the use of helicopter gunships to back the ground forces of the Benghazi-based Transitional National Council.
By Alex Lantier, 20 August 2011
NATO warplanes are bombing Tripoli as Western-backed ground forces of the Transitional National Council (TNC) try to encircle the Libyan capital.
By Bill Van Auken, 16 August 2011
In response to the World Socialist Web Site’s demand for a retraction of his slanders, Juan Cole offers an unserious reply, proving himself incapable of answering our arguments or defending his support for the imperialist war against Libya.
By Peter Symonds, 13 August 2011
The intrigues and infighting in Benghazi following the murder of General Younis are not only an indictment of NATO, but of the various liberals and pseudo-radicals that have acted as cheerleaders for its military intervention in Libya.
By Peter Schwarz, 13 August 2011
NATO has allowed hundreds of refugees from Libya war to drown at sea.
By Kate Randall, 10 August 2011
The Libyan government charged Tuesday that a NATO airstrike killed 85 civilians near Zlitan, 90 miles east of the capital Tripoli on the Mediterranean coast.
By Bill Van Auken, 10 August 2011
The World Socialist Web Site demands that Professor Cole retract his slanderous claim that the WSWS supports a massacre in Libya.
By Patrick Martin, 6 August 2011
NATO forces are charged with allowing refugees to drown and deliberately targeting civilian journalists for bombing.
By Peter Symonds, 4 August 2011
The unexplained killing last week of the Libyan “rebel” military commander, General Abdel Fatah Younis, has highlighted the divided and unstable character of the NATO-backed Transitional National Council.
By Bill Van Auken, 30 July 2011
The assassination of a former Gaddafi official who became military chief of the Benghazi-based Transitional National Council has raised the specter of a civil war within the Western-backed Libyan "rebels."
By James Cogan, 28 July 2011
After five months of raining death and destruction on the people of Libya, the major powers are now offering a settlement with Gaddafi and his regime.
By Robert Morgan, 27 July 2011
Washington has had only one objective—the installation of a regime that better serves the interests of the US and international oil and gas companies.
By Patrick O’Connor, 20 July 2011
The Obama administration’s decision to recognise the so-called Transitional National Council as Libya’s “legitimate governing authority” is an unlawful act of political banditry.
By James Cogan, 16 July 2011
The four-month air war and numerous assassination attempts have failed to remove Muammar Gaddafi from power in the oil and gas-rich North African country.
By Antoine Lerougetel, 14 July 2011
On Tuesday the French parliament voted overwhelmingly to continue France’s imperialist war in Libya.
By Patrick O’Connor, 13 July 2011
The diplomatic moves reflect the growing crisis confronting the US, France and Britain as their illegal military campaign enters its fifth month without succeeding in forcing regime change in Tripoli.
By Kumaran Ira, 12 July 2011
If the NPA does not criticise the illegal militarist policies of the French government, it is because the government is doing exactly what the NPA is asking it to do.
By Sven Heymanns, 8 July 2011
As NATO runs out of ammunition, Germany is offering bombs and technology for the war against Libya.
By Graham Beverley, 6 July 2011
Canadian Foreign Affairs Minister John Baird secretly flew to Libya last week to meet with leaders of the Transitional National Council to justify waging war on Libya.
By Patrick O’Connor, 5 July 2011
Despite nearly four months of daily US-NATO bombing raids over Libya, so-called rebel fighters have failed to make any significant advance beyond the areas they controlled in March.
By Julie Hyland, 2 July 2011
France acknowledged this week that it had supplied weapons to oppositionists fighting Colonel Muammar Gaddafi’s forces in Libya.
By Joseph Kishore, 1 July 2011
More than one hundred days into the Libya war, the US-NATO strategy is ever more nakedly aimed at the political assassination of Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi.
By James Cogan, 30 June 2011
The International Criminal Court chief prosecutor’s statement is a mafia-style ultimatum to the Libyan political elite—abandon Gaddafi, or share his fate of death or imprisonment.
By Bill Van Auken, 28 June 2011
The arrest warrant against Gaddafi only underscores the role of the International Criminal Court as an instrument of the US and the other major imperialist powers.
By Peter Symonds, 25 June 2011
Britain and France have dismissed a call by Italy for a ceasefire in Libya, underscoring mounting tensions within NATO over its bid to install a compliant regime in the oil-rich country.
By Patrick Martin, 25 June 2011
The House of Representatives voted against a resolution authorizing the war in Libya, but then refused to cut back funding for its continuation.
By Joseph Kishore and Barry Grey, 22 June 2011
Democrat John Kerry and Republican John McCain have introduced a Senate resolution that would retroactively authorize the Obama administration’s war in Libya
By Chris Marsden, 22 June 2011
Monday night’s air strike on a compound west of Tripoli that killed 19, including women and children, puts an end to any pretence that NATO is not deliberately targeting civilians in its ongoing bombardment of Libya.
By Patrick Martin, 20 June 2011
June 19 marked the 90-day limit on the use of US military forces in Libya under the War Powers Act
By Peter Symonds, 20 June 2011
Contrary to NATO claims, it is inconceivable that this was the only strike out of more than 11,000 to have killed civilians.
By Patrick O’Connor, 17 June 2011
The major US and European oil conglomerates previously active in Libya are preparing to resume business in the event that the illegal NATO-led war achieves its objective of “regime change”.
By Antoine Lerougetel, 17 June 2011
The lawsuit was filed May 30 on behalf of Libyans who have lost family members in the NATO bombings.
By Bill Van Auken, 16 June 2011
The Obama administration argued Wednesday that the War Powers Act, requiring congressional approval for undeclared US wars, does not apply to the nearly three-month-old war against Libya.
By Kumaran Ira, 16 June 2011
The NPA has finally broken its month-long silence on the NATO war of aggression against Libya, which it vocally supported when it was launched in March.
By Chris Marsden, 15 June 2011
The demand by outgoing US Secretary of Defence Robert Gates for Europe to take a greater share of the military load bore its first fruit with Germany’s recognition of the Benghazi-based Transitional National Council.